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92 terms

Adolescence and Young Adulthood Final

STUDY
PLAY
Anorexia
15% less than body weight. Emotional disorder characterized by obsession with food and weight
Restorative Justice
Teens have to do community service as punishment for their crimes-they give back to the community
Trichomanoiasis
Second most common STD. Infection of the vagina and urethra. Men have no symptoms and women have vaginal discharge
HPV
Most common STD can cause warts. Present in males and females. Associated with cervical cancer. Gaurdisal vaccine
Serial Monogamy
One dates and has intercourse with one person at a time
Popularity
Sociometric- measures quantity of friends and how many ppl like you
Perceived- measure of social dominance and status
Homosociality
Adolescents who are only social with people of the same gender
Heterosociality
teens and adults who befriend people of the opposite sex
Autosociality
children who play alongside but not with other kids
Crowds
Loos association of cliques--herds
Liasons
People who are friends with several different cliques but belong to none
Cliques
Relatively small tightly knit groups of friends who spend a lot/ all of their time together
Parent Adolescent Conflict
Causes: Outlook (what is/isn't acceptablt)
Areas for Conflict: social life and customs, responsibility, school, family relations, social conventions
Variables: teen gender, parent gender, teen age
Permissive Parents
Parents who exercise limited control of children (indulgent and neglectful)
Authoritative/ Democratic
Maintain control of children and value children's opinion
Authoritarian
Set many rules and strictly enforced them
Cohesion
Degree to which families are connected
Disengaged
Families whose members are isolated from one another
enmeshed
Families whose members are too closely connected
Affect
Feelings that exist among family members (+/-)
Connection
Warm stable loving attentive bond between parents and children
Regulations
Combination of guidance and control in parenting that creates 4 parenting styles
Psychological Autonomy
Freedome to form personal opinion, have privacy and decide their own rules
Prosocial Behavior
Actions benefiting, helping, and bolstering others (opposite antisocial behavior)
Values of Clarification
Way of teaching values that is process based so that students become aware of their own beliefs
Immanent Justice
Ultimately you will get punished for transgressions
Parental Identification
Associated with Foreclosure, when child identifies with parents
Blended Biculturalism
Person finds commonalities between ethnic background and mainstream culture
Diffusion
No crisis and no commitments to any sort of identity
Foreclosure
have not experienced a crisis but are committed to a certain identity
Moratorium
delay for teens who are not ready to make a commitment to anything. Have experienced crisis without commitment
Self-Concept
Conscious cognitive perception and assessment of themselves
Self-Esteem
Person's Impression/opinion of themselves
Triarchic Theory
Sternberg: Analytic, Creative, and Practical
Corpus Collosum
Fibrous Band of tissue connecting two hemisphere
Affirmation
Strategy to prove hypothesis
Negation
Strategy to disprove hypothesis
Inference
Develop new thoughts from old info
Confirmation strategy
looking for evidence to prove hypothesis
Elimination Strategy
Looking for evidence to disprove hypothesis
Memory Storage
3 Stages: Sensory, Short-term, Long-term
Personal Fable
Believing that you are the only one going through what you are going through
Egocentrism
Thinking that the world revolves around you
Pseudostupidity
Overthinking an easy problem so that you get it wrong not because you don't understand but because you made it too complicated
IIIB (Formal Operation)
Systematic way of solving for concrete operations that can be proven- hypthetico-deductive reasoning
IIIA (Formal Operation)
Concrete operations crudely done without ability to define how they got to their answer
Seriation
Arranging things in order of size
Class Inclusion Relationships
Ability to understand that object can belong in multiple parts of a hierarchy
Hierarchical Classification
Ability to divide categories into nested categories
Sensorimotor
Mastery of kinesthetic up to age 2
Preoperational
2-7 Language acquisition. Egocentric thinking Transductive thinking progresses into inductive and deductive thinking. Animism and centering
Formal Operation
IIIA and IIIB 7-15 development continuation of concrete operational phase. Begin to see hypothetico-deductive reasoning
Concrete Operational
Early adolescents 7-12 has to do with hierarchical classifications and class inclusions relationships conservation problems
Pustules
Pimples
Papules
Precursor to pimples- tender raised bumps
Sebaceous Glands
Oil producing glands in the skin whose secretions can cause acne because blocks pores
Merocrine Glands
Sweat Glands distributed over entire body
Early Maturing Boys
Positive Experience. Given more leadership roles, taken more seriously, more extracurriculars, lots of freedom
Early Maturing Girls
Negative Experience. Taller, heavier, more sexualized than peers. different from peers. Hang out with older boys, internalizing disorders (depression and anxiety) higher delinquency and sexual activity
Late Maturing Girls
Get left out of several social engagements, have guy friends only, not as much critiques
Mesomorph
In between an ectomorph and an endomorph
Ectomorph
Tall, long, thin, lanky
Endomorph
Fatter, heavier, thicker
Cowper's Glands
Male secrete alkaline fluid to neutralize the vaginal fluids contains semen and sperm
Bartholin's Glands
Located in vaginal walls secretes fluid during sexual activity
Thalamus
Two masses of gray matter lying between the cerebral hemispheres and controls involunatry actions
Vas Deferenes
Tubes running from epididymus to urethra that carry semen and sperm to ejaculatory duct
Urethra
Carries urine from bladder out
Men: also carries semen and seminal fluid
Hypothalamus
Small located in forebrain
Controls motivation, emotion, pleasure, body pain, eating, drinking, homronal production, menstraution, pregnancy, lactation and sex responses
Cerebrum
Largest part of the brain, divided into 2 halves, or 4 parietal lobes
Cerebellum
Controls balance, coordination, learning
Detention Center
Reception and diagnostic centers while people are awaiting hearing. If post hearing they are there since they needed supervision provided by wardens of the state
Patterns of Drug Use
1) Experimental
2) Social-Recreational
3) Circumstantial-Situational
4)Intensified
5)Compulsive
Ritalin
Methylphenidate stimulant prescribed to ADHD teens
Binge Drinking
5+ drinks in one sitting
Alcohol Abuse
The excessive use of alcohol resulting in impaired functioning
Alcoholism
Chemical dependency on alcohol accompanies by compulsive and excessive drinking
Compromise with Reality Theory
Ginzberg's
the theory of vocational choice by Ginzberg. Vocational selection is a developmental process composed of subdecisions
Fantasy, Tentative, Realistic Stage
Ginzberg
Compromise with Reality Theory
Tentative Stage
11-17 yrs Substages:
Interest Period: choices based on interest
Capacities Period: capacities compared to levels of preparation
Values Period: relate occupational roles to own interests and values
Realistic Stage
17 On Substages:
Exploration: search for greater knowledge and understanding
Crystallization: Commit to general area of employment
Specification
Gottfredson
Circumscription and Compromise
Circumscription
limiting one's career aspirations to a set of acceptable choices based on interests and values
Compromise
modifying one's career choices to bring them in line with reality
Holland
Occupational Environment Theory
Occupational Environment Theory
Artistic-self is expressive/independent
Conventional-systematic & organized- banker
Enterprising-ambitious & outgoing-lawyer principal
Investigative-intellectual exacting- architect biologist
Realistic-practical- carpenter, cop, pilot
Structural Barriers
Externally imposed limits on a woman's career success that result from sex discrimination
Normative Barriers
Limitations on career choice that stem from how girls are socialized to be feminine
Place spouse's career before their own, take care of children instead etc
Self-Efficacy
Belief that one is competent enough to complete and master a task
Demography
the branch of sociology that studies the characteristics of human populations
PTSD
an anxiety disorder associated with serious traumatic events and characterized by such symptoms as survivor guilt, reliving the trauma in dreams, numbness and lack of involvement with reality, or recurrent thoughts and images
Treatments for Depression
Tricyclic Antidepressants
SSRIs
ETC (shock therapy)