92 terms

Adolescence and Young Adulthood Final

15% less than body weight. Emotional disorder characterized by obsession with food and weight
Restorative Justice
Teens have to do community service as punishment for their crimes-they give back to the community
Second most common STD. Infection of the vagina and urethra. Men have no symptoms and women have vaginal discharge
Most common STD can cause warts. Present in males and females. Associated with cervical cancer. Gaurdisal vaccine
Serial Monogamy
One dates and has intercourse with one person at a time
Sociometric- measures quantity of friends and how many ppl like you
Perceived- measure of social dominance and status
Adolescents who are only social with people of the same gender
teens and adults who befriend people of the opposite sex
children who play alongside but not with other kids
Loos association of cliques--herds
People who are friends with several different cliques but belong to none
Relatively small tightly knit groups of friends who spend a lot/ all of their time together
Parent Adolescent Conflict
Causes: Outlook (what is/isn't acceptablt)
Areas for Conflict: social life and customs, responsibility, school, family relations, social conventions
Variables: teen gender, parent gender, teen age
Permissive Parents
Parents who exercise limited control of children (indulgent and neglectful)
Authoritative/ Democratic
Maintain control of children and value children's opinion
Set many rules and strictly enforced them
Degree to which families are connected
Families whose members are isolated from one another
Families whose members are too closely connected
Feelings that exist among family members (+/-)
Warm stable loving attentive bond between parents and children
Combination of guidance and control in parenting that creates 4 parenting styles
Psychological Autonomy
Freedome to form personal opinion, have privacy and decide their own rules
Prosocial Behavior
Actions benefiting, helping, and bolstering others (opposite antisocial behavior)
Values of Clarification
Way of teaching values that is process based so that students become aware of their own beliefs
Immanent Justice
Ultimately you will get punished for transgressions
Parental Identification
Associated with Foreclosure, when child identifies with parents
Blended Biculturalism
Person finds commonalities between ethnic background and mainstream culture
No crisis and no commitments to any sort of identity
have not experienced a crisis but are committed to a certain identity
delay for teens who are not ready to make a commitment to anything. Have experienced crisis without commitment
Conscious cognitive perception and assessment of themselves
Person's Impression/opinion of themselves
Triarchic Theory
Sternberg: Analytic, Creative, and Practical
Corpus Collosum
Fibrous Band of tissue connecting two hemisphere
Strategy to prove hypothesis
Strategy to disprove hypothesis
Develop new thoughts from old info
Confirmation strategy
looking for evidence to prove hypothesis
Elimination Strategy
Looking for evidence to disprove hypothesis
Memory Storage
3 Stages: Sensory, Short-term, Long-term
Personal Fable
Believing that you are the only one going through what you are going through
Thinking that the world revolves around you
Overthinking an easy problem so that you get it wrong not because you don't understand but because you made it too complicated
IIIB (Formal Operation)
Systematic way of solving for concrete operations that can be proven- hypthetico-deductive reasoning
IIIA (Formal Operation)
Concrete operations crudely done without ability to define how they got to their answer
Arranging things in order of size
Class Inclusion Relationships
Ability to understand that object can belong in multiple parts of a hierarchy
Hierarchical Classification
Ability to divide categories into nested categories
Mastery of kinesthetic up to age 2
2-7 Language acquisition. Egocentric thinking Transductive thinking progresses into inductive and deductive thinking. Animism and centering
Formal Operation
IIIA and IIIB 7-15 development continuation of concrete operational phase. Begin to see hypothetico-deductive reasoning
Concrete Operational
Early adolescents 7-12 has to do with hierarchical classifications and class inclusions relationships conservation problems
Precursor to pimples- tender raised bumps
Sebaceous Glands
Oil producing glands in the skin whose secretions can cause acne because blocks pores
Merocrine Glands
Sweat Glands distributed over entire body
Early Maturing Boys
Positive Experience. Given more leadership roles, taken more seriously, more extracurriculars, lots of freedom
Early Maturing Girls
Negative Experience. Taller, heavier, more sexualized than peers. different from peers. Hang out with older boys, internalizing disorders (depression and anxiety) higher delinquency and sexual activity
Late Maturing Girls
Get left out of several social engagements, have guy friends only, not as much critiques
In between an ectomorph and an endomorph
Tall, long, thin, lanky
Fatter, heavier, thicker
Cowper's Glands
Male secrete alkaline fluid to neutralize the vaginal fluids contains semen and sperm
Bartholin's Glands
Located in vaginal walls secretes fluid during sexual activity
Two masses of gray matter lying between the cerebral hemispheres and controls involunatry actions
Vas Deferenes
Tubes running from epididymus to urethra that carry semen and sperm to ejaculatory duct
Carries urine from bladder out
Men: also carries semen and seminal fluid
Small located in forebrain
Controls motivation, emotion, pleasure, body pain, eating, drinking, homronal production, menstraution, pregnancy, lactation and sex responses
Largest part of the brain, divided into 2 halves, or 4 parietal lobes
Controls balance, coordination, learning
Detention Center
Reception and diagnostic centers while people are awaiting hearing. If post hearing they are there since they needed supervision provided by wardens of the state
Patterns of Drug Use
1) Experimental
2) Social-Recreational
3) Circumstantial-Situational
Methylphenidate stimulant prescribed to ADHD teens
Binge Drinking
5+ drinks in one sitting
Alcohol Abuse
The excessive use of alcohol resulting in impaired functioning
Chemical dependency on alcohol accompanies by compulsive and excessive drinking
Compromise with Reality Theory
the theory of vocational choice by Ginzberg. Vocational selection is a developmental process composed of subdecisions
Fantasy, Tentative, Realistic Stage
Compromise with Reality Theory
Tentative Stage
11-17 yrs Substages:
Interest Period: choices based on interest
Capacities Period: capacities compared to levels of preparation
Values Period: relate occupational roles to own interests and values
Realistic Stage
17 On Substages:
Exploration: search for greater knowledge and understanding
Crystallization: Commit to general area of employment
Circumscription and Compromise
limiting one's career aspirations to a set of acceptable choices based on interests and values
modifying one's career choices to bring them in line with reality
Occupational Environment Theory
Occupational Environment Theory
Artistic-self is expressive/independent
Conventional-systematic & organized- banker
Enterprising-ambitious & outgoing-lawyer principal
Investigative-intellectual exacting- architect biologist
Realistic-practical- carpenter, cop, pilot
Structural Barriers
Externally imposed limits on a woman's career success that result from sex discrimination
Normative Barriers
Limitations on career choice that stem from how girls are socialized to be feminine
Place spouse's career before their own, take care of children instead etc
Belief that one is competent enough to complete and master a task
the branch of sociology that studies the characteristics of human populations
an anxiety disorder associated with serious traumatic events and characterized by such symptoms as survivor guilt, reliving the trauma in dreams, numbness and lack of involvement with reality, or recurrent thoughts and images
Treatments for Depression
Tricyclic Antidepressants
ETC (shock therapy)