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15% less than body weight. Emotional disorder characterized by obsession with food and weight

Restorative Justice

Teens have to do community service as punishment for their crimes-they give back to the community


Second most common STD. Infection of the vagina and urethra. Men have no symptoms and women have vaginal discharge


Most common STD can cause warts. Present in males and females. Associated with cervical cancer. Gaurdisal vaccine

Serial Monogamy

One dates and has intercourse with one person at a time


Sociometric- measures quantity of friends and how many ppl like you
Perceived- measure of social dominance and status


Adolescents who are only social with people of the same gender


teens and adults who befriend people of the opposite sex


children who play alongside but not with other kids


Loos association of cliques--herds


People who are friends with several different cliques but belong to none


Relatively small tightly knit groups of friends who spend a lot/ all of their time together

Parent Adolescent Conflict

Causes: Outlook (what is/isn't acceptablt)
Areas for Conflict: social life and customs, responsibility, school, family relations, social conventions
Variables: teen gender, parent gender, teen age

Permissive Parents

Parents who exercise limited control of children (indulgent and neglectful)

Authoritative/ Democratic

Maintain control of children and value children's opinion


Set many rules and strictly enforced them


Degree to which families are connected


Families whose members are isolated from one another


Families whose members are too closely connected


Feelings that exist among family members (+/-)


Warm stable loving attentive bond between parents and children


Combination of guidance and control in parenting that creates 4 parenting styles

Psychological Autonomy

Freedome to form personal opinion, have privacy and decide their own rules

Prosocial Behavior

Actions benefiting, helping, and bolstering others (opposite antisocial behavior)

Values of Clarification

Way of teaching values that is process based so that students become aware of their own beliefs

Immanent Justice

Ultimately you will get punished for transgressions

Parental Identification

Associated with Foreclosure, when child identifies with parents

Blended Biculturalism

Person finds commonalities between ethnic background and mainstream culture


No crisis and no commitments to any sort of identity


have not experienced a crisis but are committed to a certain identity


delay for teens who are not ready to make a commitment to anything. Have experienced crisis without commitment


Conscious cognitive perception and assessment of themselves


Person's Impression/opinion of themselves

Triarchic Theory

Sternberg: Analytic, Creative, and Practical

Corpus Collosum

Fibrous Band of tissue connecting two hemisphere


Strategy to prove hypothesis


Strategy to disprove hypothesis


Develop new thoughts from old info

Confirmation strategy

looking for evidence to prove hypothesis

Elimination Strategy

Looking for evidence to disprove hypothesis

Memory Storage

3 Stages: Sensory, Short-term, Long-term

Personal Fable

Believing that you are the only one going through what you are going through


Thinking that the world revolves around you


Overthinking an easy problem so that you get it wrong not because you don't understand but because you made it too complicated

IIIB (Formal Operation)

Systematic way of solving for concrete operations that can be proven- hypthetico-deductive reasoning

IIIA (Formal Operation)

Concrete operations crudely done without ability to define how they got to their answer


Arranging things in order of size

Class Inclusion Relationships

Ability to understand that object can belong in multiple parts of a hierarchy

Hierarchical Classification

Ability to divide categories into nested categories


Mastery of kinesthetic up to age 2


2-7 Language acquisition. Egocentric thinking Transductive thinking progresses into inductive and deductive thinking. Animism and centering

Formal Operation

IIIA and IIIB 7-15 development continuation of concrete operational phase. Begin to see hypothetico-deductive reasoning

Concrete Operational

Early adolescents 7-12 has to do with hierarchical classifications and class inclusions relationships conservation problems




Precursor to pimples- tender raised bumps

Sebaceous Glands

Oil producing glands in the skin whose secretions can cause acne because blocks pores

Merocrine Glands

Sweat Glands distributed over entire body

Early Maturing Boys

Positive Experience. Given more leadership roles, taken more seriously, more extracurriculars, lots of freedom

Early Maturing Girls

Negative Experience. Taller, heavier, more sexualized than peers. different from peers. Hang out with older boys, internalizing disorders (depression and anxiety) higher delinquency and sexual activity

Late Maturing Girls

Get left out of several social engagements, have guy friends only, not as much critiques


In between an ectomorph and an endomorph


Tall, long, thin, lanky


Fatter, heavier, thicker

Cowper's Glands

Male secrete alkaline fluid to neutralize the vaginal fluids contains semen and sperm

Bartholin's Glands

Located in vaginal walls secretes fluid during sexual activity


Two masses of gray matter lying between the cerebral hemispheres and controls involunatry actions

Vas Deferenes

Tubes running from epididymus to urethra that carry semen and sperm to ejaculatory duct


Carries urine from bladder out
Men: also carries semen and seminal fluid


Small located in forebrain
Controls motivation, emotion, pleasure, body pain, eating, drinking, homronal production, menstraution, pregnancy, lactation and sex responses


Largest part of the brain, divided into 2 halves, or 4 parietal lobes


Controls balance, coordination, learning

Detention Center

Reception and diagnostic centers while people are awaiting hearing. If post hearing they are there since they needed supervision provided by wardens of the state

Patterns of Drug Use

1) Experimental
2) Social-Recreational
3) Circumstantial-Situational


Methylphenidate stimulant prescribed to ADHD teens

Binge Drinking

5+ drinks in one sitting

Alcohol Abuse

The excessive use of alcohol resulting in impaired functioning


Chemical dependency on alcohol accompanies by compulsive and excessive drinking

Compromise with Reality Theory

the theory of vocational choice by Ginzberg. Vocational selection is a developmental process composed of subdecisions
Fantasy, Tentative, Realistic Stage


Compromise with Reality Theory

Tentative Stage

11-17 yrs Substages:
Interest Period: choices based on interest
Capacities Period: capacities compared to levels of preparation
Values Period: relate occupational roles to own interests and values

Realistic Stage

17 On Substages:
Exploration: search for greater knowledge and understanding
Crystallization: Commit to general area of employment


Circumscription and Compromise


limiting one's career aspirations to a set of acceptable choices based on interests and values


modifying one's career choices to bring them in line with reality


Occupational Environment Theory

Occupational Environment Theory

Artistic-self is expressive/independent
Conventional-systematic & organized- banker
Enterprising-ambitious & outgoing-lawyer principal
Investigative-intellectual exacting- architect biologist
Realistic-practical- carpenter, cop, pilot

Structural Barriers

Externally imposed limits on a woman's career success that result from sex discrimination

Normative Barriers

Limitations on career choice that stem from how girls are socialized to be feminine
Place spouse's career before their own, take care of children instead etc


Belief that one is competent enough to complete and master a task


the branch of sociology that studies the characteristics of human populations


an anxiety disorder associated with serious traumatic events and characterized by such symptoms as survivor guilt, reliving the trauma in dreams, numbness and lack of involvement with reality, or recurrent thoughts and images

Treatments for Depression

Tricyclic Antidepressants
ETC (shock therapy)

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