How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

55 terms

Civics Today Unit 4

Review the vocabulary for Unit 4 in "Civics Today"!
STUDY
PLAY
federal system
the sharing of power between the central and state governments
reserved powers
powers specifically reserved for the states
concurrent powers
powers shared by the state and national governments
grants-in-aid
money awarded for the states to help them pay for their programs
unicameral
one-part legislature
bicameral
two-part legislature
census
population count
apportioned
divided into districts
malapportionment
unequal representation
line-item veto
to veto only a specific part of a bill
commute
reduce a sentence
parole
an early release from prison
justice of the peace
judge in a local court
misdemeanors
less serious crimes
magistrate courts
courts that handle minor cases
civil cases
when a person or group takes legal action against another person or group
plaintiff
the person filing a lawsuit
defendants
people being sued
felonies
more serious crimes
incorporate
to receive a state charter, officially recognizing the government of a locality
city charter
a document granting power to a local government
home rule
allows cities to write their own charters, choose their own government type and manage their own affairs
ordinance
city law
strong-mayor system
where the mayor has strong executive powers
weak-mayor system
when the mayor's executive powers are limited
at-large elections
the way most city council members are elected
special district
a unit of government dealing with a specific function
metropolitan area
central city with the surrounding suburbs
suburbs
communities near or around larger cities
county
normally the largest territorial and political subdivision of a state
county seat
the town where the county courthouse is located
town
political unit larger than a village but smaller than a city
town meetings
meetings in which citizens make important decisions
townships
smaller than towns, but have similar governments
village
the smallest unit of local government
policies
set rules or guidelines they must follow when making decisions
public policy
the course of action the government takes in response to an issue or problem
planning commission
an advisory group with many different members
short-term plan
a policy meant to be carried out in the next few years
long-term plan
a policy meant to serve as a guide for many years to come
infrastructure
systems of roads, bridges, water and sewers
priorities
the most urgent goals
resources
money, people and materials available
master plan
a plan that sets goals and explains how they will be carried out
charter schools
schools receiving state funding, but are excused from meeting many public school regulations
tuition vouchers
program providing subsidies for education payments, allowing families the option of sending children to private schools
community policing
local police force visibly keeping the peace and patrolling neighborhoods
welfare
the health, prosperity and happiness of community members
environmentalism
protecting the environment
solid waste
garbage
landfills
where garbage is dumped
NIMBY
a saying meaning "not in my backyard"
toxic
poisonous
recycling
making new materials from old ones
conservation
preserving and protecting our natural resources