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Florida Basic Recruit Training Program High Liability (Firearms)
Terms in this set (189)
___ is used to describe the hand used to shoot the firearm.
___ is used to describe the hand that aids the other in shooting.
___ is the most important element of firearms training.
___ is the most common cause of firearms accidents.
At all times
The highest standards of firearms safety are required ___.
Always treat every firearm as if it were ___, whether you think it is or not.
Each time you pick up, put down, or hand a firearm to another, open the firearm's action and physically and visually inspect it to make sure that it is not loaded. This is called a ___.
Never rely on ___ to decide if a firearm is unloaded.
Always point the muzzle in a ___.
The ___ dictates what direction is safe.
A safe direction is generally muzzle pointed down at a ___ degree angle away from your body with your finger outside the trigger guard.
Clean the firearm each time it is fired, and fully inspect the firearm ___ a week. Safety check the firearm each time you use it.
Unloaded and is pointed in a safe direction
Before cleaning or handling a firearm, make sure that it is ___ and ___. Never clean a loaded firearm.
As officers and perhaps first-time gun owners, you are responsible for making sure your weapon is secure while you are off duty. Section 790.174, F.S. addresses requirements for storing firearms safely.As used in this act, the term "minor" means any person under the age of ___.
___ is the portion of the grip that is placed in the palm of the shooting hand.
___ provides a path for the fired bullet.
On a Smith & Wesson revolver, ___ is the spring-loaded part that holds the cylinder closed.
The ___ attaches the cylinder to the frame so the cylinder can swing in and out of the frame opening; Colt uses the term ___ (internal part).
Smith & Wesson uses the term ___ instead of "crane" (internal part).
___ houses the extractor rod and contains the chambers that hold the cartridges.
Cylinder Release/Thumb Latch
___ disengages the cylinder from the frame.
___ locks the cylinder.
The ___ is star-shaped device attached to the extractor rod that fits inside the cylinder that the rounds rest on (internal part).
When depressed, the ___ causes the extractor to push the cartridge from the cylinder. (Revolver)
The ___ is internal structure that holds the parts of the revolver and provides a way of gripping the firearm.
___ is located on the end of the barrel near the muzzle; it is designed for the swift location of the target and for bringing the firearm into alignment for accuracy.
The ___ made of wood, plastic, or rubber; designed to allow the shooter to grip the firearm easily for control.
When the trigger is pulled, the ___ falls forward to activate the primer.
___ is part of the hammer or frame that protrudes through the frame and strikes the primer (internal part). (Revolver)
The part of the hammer used for cocking the weapon to single-action mode.
The part of a revolver that turns the cylinder as the gun is cocked, thus aligning a cartridge with the hammer or firing pin (internal part).
The ___ is located on the rear of the frame; it can be adjustable or fixed.
The part of the frame that houses the rear sight, positioned over cylinder.
The ___ activates the revolver's operation in both single and double action.
The part of the frame that protects the trigger.
The term bullet is as known as a ___.
The direction of the cylinder rotation depends upon the manufacturer. A Smith & Wesson and Ruger revolver rotates ___.
The direction of the cylinder rotation depends upon the manufacturer. A Colt revolver rotates ___.
___ is placing live rounds into the open cylinder and closing the cylinder into the frame. (Revolver)
___ is locking the cylinder into the frame.
___ is releasing the locked cylinder by squeezing the trigger so the cylinder can rotate and place a live round in front of the barrel in line with the firing pin; the cylinder then locks, allowing the firing pin to strike the live round that has been locked in place. The cylinder repeats this process with each pull of the trigger until all cartridges have been fired.
___ is the ignition of the primer and firing the cartridge.
___ is pushing or pulling the cylinder release latch; this rotates the cylinder out of the frame. Pushing the extractor rod ejects all cartridges.
With two or three fingers through the ___, hand the revolver to the other person, grip first.
___ provides space for lighting and sighting devices.
___ holds the internal parts, as well as the slide assembly, and provides a way to grip the pistol.
___ is located on the slide's front; used to bring the firearm into alignment
___ is the portion of the grip that allows the fingers of the shooting hand to rest. (Semiautomatic Pistol)
The ___ is made of polymer designed to allow the shooter to easily grip and control the weapon.
The ___ releases the magazine from the frame (magazine well). (Semiautomatic Pistol)
Magazine Floor/Butt Plate
___ is base of the magazine.
The ___ provides a path for the fired bullet and is chambered to hold the cartridge. (Semiautomatic Pistol)
The ___ is located on the rear of the slide that aligns with the front sight to bring the firearm into alignment for accuracy.
The ___ houses the firing pin, safety, drop safety, sights, and extractor (Semiautomatic Pistol)
Slide Cover Plate
___ allows access of the firing pin assembly (Semiautomatic Pistol).
The device that allows quick and simple field stripping of the pistol.
Slide Stop Lever
The device that locks the slide in the open position.
The ___ is a place for the thumb to rest while gripping the pistol
The ___ activates the pistol's operation.
The ___ allows the trigger to move when pressed. (Semiautomatic Pistol)
The ___ holds the ammunition.
Spring and Follower
The magazine contains a ___ and ___ that pushes each round up to be stripped off by the forward movement
of the slide.
The ___ also activates the slide stop.
Magazine Floor/Butt Plate
The ___ holds the magazine spring and follower in the magazine. You can remove it to clean inside the magazine.
3. Magazine Insert
4. Floor Plate
5. Magazine Tube
The magazine consists of five main parts:
The ___ directs the recoil spring. It absorbs the recoil and returns the slide to the following position.
The ___ pushes the slide forward.
Pistols are categorized by their type of ___.
A ___ mechanism performs the single
action of releasing the hammer or striker. Once the first round is fired the automatic movement of the slide resets the mechanism for each subsequent shot.
Double Action Only
When a pistol is ___, every round fires double action with the hammer at rest against the
rear of the slide. Every time the trigger is pulled to the rear, it manually cocks and releases the hammer to fire the pistol. As the slide cycles and goes forward, the hammer safety follows, coming to rest against the slide's rear. The hammer never stays cocked. The weapon's trigger pull is the same each time.
In a ___ pistol, the first round fires double action. (The trigger being pulled to the rear manually cocks the hammer and releases it.) The second and subsequent rounds fire single action as the hammer remains cocked each time the slide cycles. After firing is complete, the hammer remains cocked. Before holstering the weapon, it must be de-cocked using the de-cocking lever.
"Striker Fire Action"
The Glock action is sometimes referred to as a ___.
Double Action Pistol
The Federal Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (BATF) classifies the Glock as a ___.
"Safe Action Pistol."
Glock refers to their firearm as a ___.
___ is seating a loaded magazine into the magazine well.
___ is moving the round from the magazine to the chamber by releasing the slide, picking up the round from the magazine and seating the round into the chamber.
___ is when the breech end of the barrel locks into the slide
___ is unseating the breech end of the barrel from the slide
"pulling" the spent cartridge from the chamber
___ is "pushing" the spent cartridge out of the ejection port.
returning the firing mechanism to the fire position
When handing another person a semiautomatic pistol hand it over ___ first.
Most common shotgun gauge is the ___ gauge.
2 3/4 or 3
Shotguns chambers are usually ___ inches long.
A standard shotgun with an 18 inch barrel is about ___ inches long.
Rifle or Bead
Shotgun sights are either ___ or ___.
Full, Modified, Improved Cylinder
Name the three types of shotgun chokes.
18-, 20-, and 22-inch
The three most commonly used barrel lengths of a shotgun are ___.
___ is the mechanical device that, when activated, releases the slide (Shotgun).
The ___ is the cylindrical steel part containing the firing pin and extractor, which closes the breech end of the barrel for firing (Shotgun)
The ___ is a flat steel part that fits onto the action bars and on which the bolt sits (Shotgun).
The opening on the side or bottom
of the receiver; spent casings are ejected from it and live rounds are loaded into this port (Shotgun)
The piece of spring steel mounted on the inside left of the receiver; when the action pulls a shell to the rear, it compresses and then releases the ejector as the bolt goes past it. A small extension stops the shell from going further and assists in ejecting the shell from the receiver. (Shotgun)
___ is the metal hook-shaped part mounted on the bolt; the hook engages the rim of the cartridge so that when the action is brought to the rear, the ___ removes the shell from the chamber. (Shotgun)
___ is the wooden or polymer grip near the magazine (Shotgun).
front/bead sight or post
___ is on the front of the barrel used to bring the firearm into alignment for accuracy (Shotgun)
The ___ is the bottom opening on the receiver that live rounds are fed into or removed from the
magazine tube (Shotgun)
___ is located on the magazine tube's end and keeps the barrel in place (Shotgun)
___ is located under the barrel and holds rounds (Shotgun)
The barrel's front end (Shotgun)
The ___ is the slightly rounded steel part that blocks the loading port; catches rounds released from the magazine and raises them into alignment with the chamber (Shotgun)
Shell Latches (Stops)
___ are the two pieces of steel mounted on each side of the inside of the receiver at the magazine's rear; they help hold the cartridges in the magazine and release them one at a time when the action operates. They are also used to manually unload the shotgun. (Shotgun)
___ is the part of the weapon attached to the receiver; a shooter places this on his or her shoulder when firing. (Shotgun)
Nomenclature of the stock includes the following: (Shotgun)
The rear area of the stock that the shooter mounts against the shoulder for firing; normally covered with a metal or plastic butt plate or a recoil pad.
The stock's top edge where the shooter's cheek rests (Shotgun)
The "small of the stock," just behind the receiver; the shooter uses the ___ and his or her shooting hand for control when firing or carrying it (Shotgun)
The ___ is the top corner of the butt (Shotgun)
___ is a butt plate, usually rubber, that reduces the effect of the shotgun's recoil or "kick" (Shotgun)
A ___ is the part of the frame that protects the trigger (Shotgun)
___ is removing a round from the magazine tube and placing it in the barrel's chamber by cycling the weapon, or after placing a round in the open ejection port, pushing the slide forward (Shotgun)
When handing a shotgun to another person hand them the weapon in the ___ stance.
Bolt Lock Level
The ___ holds the bolt to the rear when the charging handle is pulled to the rear and the lower portion is depressed; it releases the bolt when the upper portion is depressed (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)
The ___ enables the bolt to return after firing (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)
The ___ is end of the stock (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)
___ enables manipulation of the bolt to chamber a round (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)
The ___ is used to support the rifle with the support hand; acts as a heat shield from the barrel (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)
___ is a button assuring that the bolt is locked (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)
Lower Receiver Group
The ___ contains the magazine release, magazine well, trigger housing, and trigger components (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)
___ is the housing for the magazine (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)
Muzzle Flash Suppressor
The attachment on the barrel's forward end that reduces the flash as burning powder escapes when the bullet exits the barrel (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)
___ are metal loops affixed to the rifle/carbine to which a carrying strap attaches.
Take Down Pins
The ___ enables separation of the upper receiver from the lower receiver and allows for fieldstripping and cleaning (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)
Upper Receiver Group
The ___ houses the bolt assembly group (Semiautomatic Rifle/Carbine)
the metal or plastic container that holds all parts of a round of ammunition: primer, powder charge, and bullet
the edge on the base of a cartridge case that stops the progress of the case
into the chamber
the part of the case mouth that bends inward to grip the
bullet; with shotgun shells, the term applies to the closure at the case mouth.(shotgun only)
markings found on the head of ammunition that indicate caliber
or gauge and identify manufacturer
spherical pellets of various sizes, usually made of lead(shotgun only)
small, metal cup containing the detonating mixture used to ignite the propellant or powder charge
propellant used in most firearms; produces a large volume of gas when ignited
___ is the only part not found in any other centerfire cartridge;
this is used to seal/confine gases; can be made of plastic or compressed cardboard (shotgun only)
___ is the portion of the cartridge that becomes a projectile when in flight
___ is a complete ammunition cartridge that contains all parts of ammunition; a military term
meaning one single cartridge
___ is a measurement used to identify different cartridge (projectile) sizes. It is determined by measuring the
diameter of the bore of the firearm. This helps identify the correct ammunition for a specific weapon.
is a measurement of shotgun bores derived from the number of bore-sized balls of lead per pound.
A ___ is a round designed for training or noise; the casing's cardboard material becomes a projectile when fired; the projectile cannot penetrate drywall or hollow core doors. However, it can penetrate soft body tissue. When fired at close range, it can cause serious injury or death. Do not discharge in the direction of others. Use extreme caution.
Lead Round Nose
___ is a cartridge design that features a solid lead bullet with a round nose; this bullet has a
medium velocity. By design, it easily penetrates interior walls or hollow core doors and then ricochets.
Jacketed Soft Point
___ is one-half to three-quarters of this lead bullet is jacketed with copper; the exposed lead on the flat nose allows for expansion upon impact. Usually of high velocity, this bullet is designed for antipersonnel. The round easily penetrates interior walls and solid doors.
___ is a lead or copper-jacketed lead with a hollow cavity in the bullet's nose; as the bullet expands upon impact, it expends its kinetic energy. Since a hollowpoint expands quickly, it does not penetrate
as deeply as a round-nose bullet. This design reduces ricochet. Usually of high velocity, it delivers
maximum shock upon striking a surface of soft tissue.
Full Metal Jacket
___ is a round-nose lead bullet completely covered with a copper jacket; sometimes called
ball ammunition, it is normally of medium to high velocity. Used extensively by the military, it has low expansion and high penetration capabilities. The chance for ricochet is high.
___ is normally made of brass or copper dust held together with a resin material that disintegrates upon impact with steel or concrete; it can penetrate hollow core doors, drywall, or thin wood material
___ is made of solid carbon or tungsten steel coated with bright green Teflon; it has a considerably sharper point than most manufactured rounds. The round can pierce protective body armor or steel. In Florida, its use or possession is illegal for anyone but law enforcement.
A ___ is a full metal-jacketed bullet with incendiary material in the casing of its base; when fired, the round can be visually tracked by the burning material. The bullet tip is normally painted red or orange. Having the same velocity as a full metal-jacketed bullet, it is most often used by the military in fully automatic weapons.
___ is normally used for bird hunting or practice; this shell has a load of small diameter lead or steel shot pellets. When fired at close range, these pellets can be dangerous and cause injury.
00 buckshot (double-aught buckshot)
The standard 2 3/4-inch shell contains nine .33 caliber lead pellets. The three-inch magnum shell contains twelve .32 caliber pellets. The spread pattern from a 20-inch barrel is approximately one-inch spread per yard.
Accurate maximum distance for law enforcement purposes when using 00 buckshot
is approximately ___ yards
A ___ is a single, hollow lead bullet that weighs from 7/8 to 1 1/8 ounce. It is .72 caliber with an effective range of approximately 100 yards. The round penetrates most materials but not solid steel.
A ___ is an indentation in the case that may weaken the case wall; a scrape makes a layer of the case wall metal look as if it has been scratched or torn away
A ___ is a dimple or depression in the case; the case looks like someone struck it with a hard object, crushing part of it inward
___ is layering of the case with oxidation or foreign material, such as mold, fungi layers, congealed oil, and lubricants
___ is an actual tear, detachment, or rip that looks like an opening in the case body
___ is the recommended time (normally expressed in months) for which you can expect ammunition to be reliable when used on duty.
Ammunition duty life is ___ than its shelf life.
It is recommended that duty ammunition be replaced ___.
___ is the recommended time (normally expressed in years) for which you can expect ammunition to be reliable from manufacture time to issue time.
___ is the relationship of the front sight and rear sight with the shooter's eye(s). It occurs when the top of the front sight is level with the rear sight's top edge and centered in the rear sight aperture or notch.
___ is the relationship between the eye, front sight, rear sight, and target.
___ is important in the aiming process. If you breathe while trying to aim, the rise and fall of your chest moves the handgun vertically.
To hold your breath properly, inhale, exhale normally, and stop at the moment when you pause between breaths. The extended pause between breaths (known as _____) is the best time to fire the shot(s).
___ results when the trigger finger pulls the trigger straight back with increasing yet constant and steady pressure until the firearm discharges.
___ involves maintaining sight alignment before, during, and after firing a round. You must maintain proper grip, stance, and finger placement on the trigger.
___ is the posture a shooter assumes while firing a shot.
A ___ position is a position behind cover.
The flashlight's main function is ___.
Firearm and hand sizes
___ and ___ are two important factors in choosing an appropriate flashlight.
The flashlight is held in the support hand with the illuminating end projecting
from the index finger side of the hand. The thumb controls the on/off switch with a side-mounted switch near the front of the flashlight; the little or ring finger controls it with a side-mounted switch near the back
of the flashlight.
"Law enforcement" or "tactical" grip
The flashlight is held in the support hand with
the illuminating end projecting from the little finger on the side of the hand. The thumb controls a rearmounted
switch; the index finger controls a side-mounted switch near the back of the flashlight; the little or ring finger controls a side-mounted switch near the back of the flashlight.
This grip is used with a small (4-6 inch) flashlight with a rear switch and a ring around the grip to give the index and middle fingers a hold. The flashlight is held in the support hand between the index and middle fingers. The switch is pulled back against the base of the hand or the knuckles of the shooting hand, depending on the technique used.
___ is the technique used when you cannot use the sights on your weapon or you have no
time to align the sight properly. The handgun becomes an extension of your arm and
hand. You use this "extension" to point to the target or threat and fire.
This technique is thumb-to-thumb; it uses the "watchman" grip. It provides some support for firearm control and good
illumination in relationship to the weapon.
To perform the Harries technique, you should
hold the flashlight in your support hand and the handgun in your shooting hand. Then, put the backs of your hands together. With your hands braced together, you have more control over the handgun.
___ refers to either the revolver or the semiautomatic pistol.
A ___ is a technique used to reload in a tactical situation.
___ is any object or obstacle that creates a bullet-resistant barrier between you and a
threat. It includes, but is not limited to, such things as a solid concrete wall, a vehicle's
engine block, or a concrete telephone pole.
___ is any object or group of objects that creates a visual barrier between you and a threat but may not stop a projectile. Examples include bushes, trees, and cars.
Consider these factors to determine appropriate cover:
A ___ is a condition that prevents a weapon from operating normally
A ___occurs when there is no powder or a partial burn of powder and the primer ignites. The result is incomplete propulsion of the bullet, which may lodge the projectile in the barrel. THIS IS A MAJOR
A ___ is one that does not rotate.
Tap, Rack, Ready, Fire
Use Phase 1 Clearance to fix failure to feed, failure to fire, stovepipe, and failure to
extract malfunctions. The easiest way to remember this method is to learn the phrase
___ (if necessary).
failure to fire
A ___ occurs when the trigger is pulled, but the round fails to detonate.
failure to feed
In a ___, the cartridge fails to feed into the chamber. This occurs when the magazine is not fully
Failure to eject, often called a ___.
Failure to eject
___ occurs when a fired cartridge case does not
completely eject. The most common causes are a weak powder charge (bad ammunition), a dry weapon (not enough lubrication), and, if while firing, the shooter does not provide enough resistance for the slide to operate (limp wrist).
A ___ is a failure to extract the round in the chamber and a new round being fed from the magazine.
Failure to extract
___ occurs when the pistol fails to extract a spent casing from its
chamber. The causes of this malfunction include a weak powder charge, dirt behind the
extractor, a dirty chamber, a broken extractor, a damaged or worn rim on the case, or
an over-expanded or cracked case.
A ___ occurs when the shell stop fails to retain a shell in the magazine tube after one has been moved onto the carrier. The action will not close.
A ___ occurs when a round is in the chamber and the action is closed. The shell latch fails to keep a round in the magazine tube. Instead, it moves the round onto the carrier. The weapon still operates but you
cannot load rounds until you remove the one in the chamber
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