Chapter 24: World War Looms
Terms in this set (64)
invaded by Italy in 1935 to gain a colony; emperor Haile Selassie does not get assistance from the League of Nations to stop the invasion
"Der Führer", Austrian born Dictator of Germany, implemented Fascism and caused WWII and Holocaust.
member countries of the united nations of the Atlantic Charter (1941)
annexation of Austria by Germany
in 1938 to
the German-speaking populations; it violated the Treaty of Versailles but Britain and France did nothing to stop it
Dislike or hatred of the Jews
British and French policy
in the 1930s that tried to maintain peace in Europe in the face of German aggression by
giving in to Hitler's territorial demands
US/UK alliance to plan for preserving democracy
, self-determination and free trade after the war
most famous extermination camp; Elie Wiesel was rescued from here in early 1945
Alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan during World War II. (Tripartite Pact)
codename used by Nazi Germany for its invasion of the Soviet Union June 22, 1941; goal was the rapid conquest of the European part of the Soviet Union; failed because of extremely cold winter in Russia
Battle of Britain
Germany's attempt to conquer great Britain in a massive bombing campaign; They were not successful in taking GB because of RAF resistance;
Churchill said of the RAF, "Never...was so much owed by so many to so few"
Battle of the Atlantic
Germany's naval attempt to cut off British supply ships by using u-boats. After this battle, the Allies won control of the seas.
neutral at the start of the war, but invaded and occupied by Germany during WWII
"Il Duce", fascist dictator of Italy
"Lightning war"; Germany's strategy
of air strikes followed by invasion of fast tanks and infantry in order
to quickly destroy another nation with speed, surprise and overwhelming force;
used in Poland in 1939
Cash and Carry
1939 amendment to the Neutrality Act; Britain and France could purchase American-made war materiel
if they paid in full and transported them.
Charles de Gaulle
French general who set up a government-in-exile ("Free French") when France fell to the Nazis
A political and economic system where factors of production are collectively owned and directed by the state. Government of USSR under Stalin.
country that Hitler took over---breaking the Munich agreement
exempting from military service; military has allowed the following exemptions: under age 18, physically or mentally unfit, conscientious objector, has dependents, completed service already
A political system in which citizens can elect people to represent them; government of US (Roosevelt) and Britain (Churchill)
A law requiring people of a certain age to serve in the military
French port where 300,000 British and French troops were trapped by the Germans; daring rescue by 800 warships, ferries, and fishing boats across the English Channel
August 15th 1940 This is the launch of Luftwaffe (German airforce) attack over Britain to
try to destroy the Royal Air Force (RAF) on the ground in preparation for the invasion of the UK
. It shows the superiority of the RAF and the German's lose double the planes the Germans do
A political movement started by Mussolini that promotes an extreme form of nationalism, a denial of individual rights, and a dictatorial one-party rule. (governments of Italy, Germany, Spain, Japan)
Fascist leader of the Spanish revolution, helped during civil war by Hitler and Mussolini prior to WWII
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
1933-1945; US president during WWII
a French colony invaded and controlled by Japan during WWII
Deliberate extermination of a racial or ethnic group through mass murder.
Commander of German Luftwaffe, 1933-1945
Prime minister of Japan during World War II
whose militarism policies brought the US into war with Japan
Emperor of Japan during WWII
Invasion of Poland
1 September 1939: Germany invaded, breaking their agreement, so Britain and France declared war, starting World War II
Communist dictator ("Man of Steel") of the Soviet Union
German Naval Commander during WWII, developer of "Wolf Pack" system for submarine (U-boat)warfare
(Night of the Broken Glass) 1938, when
German mobs destroyed Jewish property; started the violent persecution of Jews by Nazis
that Nazis believed they needed, which justified their plan to expand into
law giving FDR the power
to provide military equipment to any country to help it defend itself against the Axis Powers. Allowed the president to
loan war materials to UK and USSR
, showing US support prior to the US entering the war
French stronghold of forts, concrete bunkers, and fortifications that were
supposed to protect France against attack. It was bypassed by Germany in May 1940
A region in northeastern China rich in resources that
Japan invaded in 1931; the League of Nations forced Japan out
but Japan faced no serious consequences;
Hitler and Mussolini learned that the League of Nations lacked power
Hitler's 1923 book that outlines his racial views and political goals:
Germans are a superior race, The Treaty of Versailles treated Germany unfairly and that a crowded Germany needed the lands of Eastern Europe and Russia
Agreement in which Britain and France tried to
appease Hitler by giving Nazi Germany the Sudetenland, part of Czechoslovakia,
in order to avoid war; British prime minister
Neville Chamberlain proclaimed "peace in our time"
invaded and occupied by Germany during WWII
British Prime Minister responsible for the policy of appeasement with Adolf Hitler's Nazi Germany, ceding Sudetenland for "peace in our time"
1939-Secret agreement between German leader Hitler and Soviet Leader Stalin not to attack one another and to divide Poland
Scandanavian country invaded by Germany April 1940 before the fall of France;
controlled by puppet government and occupied until May 8, 1945
British evacuation plan
to help British and French troops evacuate
on the beaches Dunkirk during the fall of France
Operation Sea Lion
name for German plan to invade Britain
by both air and sea;
not possible due to the resilience of the RAF
in protecting Britain
December 7, 1941 - Surprise attack by the Japanese on the main U.S. Pacific Fleet in Hawaii, including nearly 1,000 deaths on the USS Arizona. In response, the U.S. declared war on Japan and Germany, entering World War II.
Country that Germany and the USSR secretly agreed to divide in the Non-Aggression Pact; The German Invasion of this country September 1939 led to the Franco-British declaration of war
technology used by the RAF during the Battle of Britain to plot the flight paths and shoot down German airplanes
A region in Germany
designated a demilitarized zone by the Treaty of Versailles; Hitler violated the treaty and sent German troops there
in 1936. French and Belgian troops evacuated rather than resisted.
At the Munich Conference of 1938 a
portion of Czech land was ceded to Germany.
Hitler claimed he annexed it because of the large number of ethnic Germans living there; UK and France did nothing when Hitler seized the rest of Czechoslovakia
Targets of Nazi persecution
Jews, homosexuals, Roma/gypsies, Poles/Slavs
The Final Solution
Nazi plan of systematic genocide (extermination) against European Jews during World War II.
The Happy Time
Battle of the Atlantic time period
July-December 1940 in which the German navy sunk tons of British supplies
with their U-boats
The Phony War
after the fall of Poland,
the Allies mobilized their armies and waited for the German attack. Nothing happened, only
limited military action along the border between France and Germany.
Ended on April 9th 1940 when Hitler launched a surprise invasion of Denmark and Norway. Known to the Germans as:
A system of
government in which a central authority controls all aspects of society
and suppresses political enemies
1940 alliance of
mutual defense between Japan, Germany, and Italy.
Japanese bombed and accidentally sank this American boat near Nanking in China but then Japan made apologies; America didn't enter war but anti-Japanese feelings increased- further supported America's determination to stay neutral
USS Reuben James
October 1941; first US navy ship sunk by German U-boat; increases tension but does not cause the US to enter WWII
British prime minister who opposed appeasement during WWII and pleaded for US aid; he warned the Germans that "We [Britain] shall Never surrender"
Japanese admiral who planned the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941; he worried the attack would "awake a sleeping tiger", meaning since the US aircraft carriers were not destroyed in the attack, the US would be a powerful enemy wanting revenge
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