12 terms

Chapter 3: A Bit About Brainy

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Hemispheres
-The brain has two halves.
-Each hemisphere has four exterior lobes
Frontal Lobes
lobes at the front of the brain
Prefrontal Cortex
key to reasoning, problem
solving, making decisions, and coordinating speech
Prefrontal Cortex Injuries
causes impulsive behavior
Temporal Lobes
-process what you hear
-involved in forming long term memories
Parietal Lobes
-top of your exterior brain
-involved in spatial orientation and sensory integration
-senses the distance and navigates the movements of your limbs.
Occipital Lobes
-back of the head
-involved with vision
Hypothalamus
-monitors internal systems like body temperature, hunger and fatigue
-may distract you from learning until you take care of your body
Hippocampus
-responsible processing most of what you learn and converting sensory data (what you see, hear and feel) to memory
-It can take several exposures to
information before a memory is formed well-enough to be recalled.
Amygdala
responsible for emotions like fear, happiness and sadness
Neurons
nerve cells that move information from the outside world into the limbic system structures
Memory
-stored pattern of synaptic connections
-With more and more study and review, the synaptic patterns and connections strengthen, making
recall easier.