Terms in this set (40)
What system gives national, state, and local governments separate and shared powers?
Checks & Balances
What system divides power between the President, Congress, and the Supreme Court?
Which branch of government includes the President who has the power to enforce or veto laws?
Which branch of government includes the House and Senate, which have the power to make and fund laws?
Which branch of government includes the Supreme Court, which has the power to review and interpret laws?
In the Executive Branch, who has the power to enforce laws, sign treaties with other nations, and make war?
In the Judicial Branch, who has the power to determine if Congressional laws and Presidential actions follow the Constitution?
In the Legislative Branch, who has the power to create laws, fund government, impeach officials, and declare war?
What does the President do to laws?
What does Congress do to laws?
What does the Supreme Court do to laws?
Power of the Purse
What power allows the House of Representatives to fund all government?
What power allows the Senate to approve or reject treaties and the President's nominations for Supreme Court
What power allows the President to reject laws?
What power allows the Supreme Court to declare both Congressional and Presidential actions unconstitutional?
What power allows the President to nominate potential government officials and Supreme Court judges?
What power allows Congress to overturn a President's veto with 2/3 approval?
What power allows Congress to change the Constitution with 2/3 approval?
What power allows Congress to remove both Supreme Court judges or the President for wrong-doing?
What principle claims certain individual freedoms are granted at birth and should not be taken away by the government?
Which Founder of the United States is known as a Federalist who wanted a strong federal government to promote economic development based on urban manufacturing, industry, and trade?
Which Founder of the United States is considered the author of the Constitution?
Founders like Alexander Hamilton believed the Constitution was necessary to create a federal government. What is the name of this political band?
Founders like Thomas Jefferson favored the Articles of Confederation because they feared the Constitution would give the federal government too much power. What is the name of this political band?
Bill of Rights
In 1787 ten amendments were added to the Constitution to protect specific rights. What is the name of this document?
Which Founder of the United States served as the first commander-in-chief during the Revolutionary War and became the nation's first president?
Which chamber of Congress includes 435 members who serve 2 year terms; power is based on proportional representation or the size of each state's population?
Which chamber of Congress includes 100 members who serve 6 year terms; power is based on equal representation, which gives each state 2?
Articles of Confederation
In 1777, the Continental Congress established a weak federal government in favor of strong state governments. What was the name of this document?
In 1787, the Continental Congress replaced the Articles of Confederation with a strong federal government capable of enforcing the rule of law in every state. What is the name of this document?
Popular Sovereignty or Self-Government
What paradigm does the Constitution represent with the words "We the People"?
According to the Constitution, in order to establish law and order, what must government have the power to establish?
According to the Constitution, in order to ensure peace and stability, what must government have the power to ensure?
According to the Constitution, in order to provide homeland security and military protection, what must government have the power to provide?
According to the Constitution, in order to promote economic opportunity and social progress, what must government have the power to promote?
According to the Constitution, in order to secure individual rights and personal freedoms, what must government have the power to secure?
What kind of government is ruled by a small group of elites who have authority over everyone else?
What kind of government is ruled by elected officials who have limited authority?
What kind of government is ruled by society's majority group who has authority over minority groups?
What kind of government is ruled by the absence or lack of authority?