Nutrition and supplements

Vit A Retinol Function
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Terms in this set (88)
Immune system function
Bone formation
Wound healing
It helps cells reproduce normally, a process called cellular differentiation.
It is essential for good vision. The first sign of a vitamin A deficiency is often poor sight at night.
It is needed for the proper development of an embryo and fetus.
Riboflavin B2processing amino acides and fat. activate folate and B6 metabolismThiamin DefBeriberi, wernike syndrome, brain disorder memory nerve damage.B2 Riboflavin DefChalices of lips glossitis of tongue, oral and pharyngeal edema, peripheral neuropathy skin rash.Niacin Functionmakes adrenal gland hormones. lower LDL raises HDLNiacin B3 excessliver injury, redness of skin. itching sensation increase warmth of skin.Vitamin B5 Pantothenic Acidsynthesis kreb cycle. cause abdominal discomfort or diarrhea. cause neuropathy, burning feet fatigue vomiting.B6 pyridoxinemakes serotonin, norepinehrine, myelin, lower homocysteine. Def= dermatitis, glossitis, depression, anemia.B7 Biotinforms intestinal bacteria, coenzyme in energy metabolism. Def= hallucinations, depression, nausea, scaly dermatitis, alopecia.B9 Folic AcidDNA and RNA metabolism works with B12 to make RBC's. Excess: stomach problems, seizures, insomnia. Def= megaloblastic marocytic anemia, diarrhea, fatigue depression, birth defects.B12form nucleic acid. Def=can cause pernicious anemia or nerve problems depression, dementia.Vitamin CAntioxidant. Needed for collagen formation. Assist in iron absorption. Def= scurvy bleeding gums, petechiae, easy bruising, decaying and loosing teeth delayed wound healing. Impaired immune response.Calciumexcess: soft tissue calcification def: rickets, osteomalacia, osteoporosis tetany.Chloridemaintains pH. excess: vomiting increase bp, edema. Def: severe diarrhea or vomiting.MagnesiumBone strength, nerve impulse, protein synthesis. Magnesium supplementation, muscle cramps, restless leg arrhythmias.Magnesium excess/DefExcess: cause diarrhea, dehydration. Def: depression, weakness, convulsion.Phosphorouscell membrane structure, bone tooth formation, energy metabolism. Excess: forms mineral deposits in soft tissue. Def: rickets, osteomalacia, anorexia, muscle weakness.Sodiumelectrolyte regulation. Excess: Cirrhosis kidney disease. Def: muscle atrophy, weight loss, cramps, disorientation, severe brain damage.Potassiumnerve and muscle function. Excess: cardiac arrhythmias, cardiac arrest. Def muscle weakness, arrhythmias, fatigue, confusion. Muscle cramps.Sulfurassist in joint health, connective tissue, cartilage, tendons, ligaments. Excess: liver damage. Def: Joint pain osteoarthritis, muscle weakness.Chromiumnormalizes blood glucose, insulin. metabolizes carbs and fat. Excess: LU KD damage. Def: impair glucose metabolism, syndrome X. Metabolic syndrome.CopperFluorineIodineIronManganeseMolybdenumSeleniumZincOmega 3Triglycerides MCTPhytoestrogens benefitsOsteoporosis, heart disease, CAD, breast cancer, menopausal symptoms.Phytoestrogens Health Riskrecurrence of breast cancer, dysmenorrhea, abnormal uterine bleeding, abnormal ovulation cycle, low sperm count, early menarche, high risk of uterine fibroids, longer menstrual bleeding increased menstrual discomfort.phytoesterols Benefitsinhibits absorption of cholesterol, lowers LDL. Improve Urinary track function of men with BPH. Has anti-inflamatory effect.L-glutamineLysineCholineMethoinineTyrosine Def/Excessincrease alertness, wakefulness. Nausea, headaches, fatigue joint pain.L carnitinefor KD disease, increase RBC. Excess: nausea, vomiting, heartburn, diarrhea. Odor in breath, sweat and urine.CoQ10Beta CaroteneLycopeneluteinResveratolAcaiGlucosamineChrondroitinMSMSAMeProbiotics:lactobacillus, bifidobacterum, saccharomycesLicoricePapaya EnzymesHydrochloric AcidPancreatinLactaseMelatoninWild yamsDHEAProgesterone CreamsHCGLeptinHGHSt Johns Wort5 HTPValerianKava KavaGABAPassionflowerSaw PalmettoMilk ThistleGoldensealHawthornBlack CohoshEvening PrimroseFeverfewGingkoGingsengCranberry