Terms in this set (24)
Imagine a boy, whose needs for love and tenderness are not being met by his mother, and who is a Catholic growing up in a prejudiced Protestant farming community, and who has the pressures of a boy with homosexual feelings growing up in an aggressively heterosexual world. This describes
harry stack sullivan
In general, people tend to __________ the consistency of their own behaviors.
Murray's Needs include which one of the following
Need for Exhibition.
The idea that the situation and personality interact
has been discussed since the 1930s at least.
According to Harry Stack Sullivan, the idea that a person has a fixed personality that does not vary with changes in situation is called
The Illusion of Individuality
Which two things are combined to make up Murray's theory of personality?
Internal motivations and external demands
According to Loevinger, undeveloped egos are often
impulsive, self-protective, or conformist.
Men generally are found to have more "dominant" personalities when dominance is defined as
In ancient petroglyphs and hieroglyphs, men were usually portrayed as
warriors and hunters
Marcia loves sports and is fiercely competitive. She's played soccer since she was seven, and since starting high school has become a track and field star. Some of Marcia's friends describe her as "tough" although they are quick to add that she always has fun. Although her friendships are not deep, Marcia is extremely popular and almost everyone in school knows her name. Marcia hopes to be an engineer one day. Based on this brief description, Marcia would probably score as __________ on the Bem Sex Role Inventory.
Andrea wants to be famous she works hard in her classes and gets straight A's; she attends workshops and conferences in her field and makes an effort to meet all the right people; during the summer she volunteers many hours at a research lab. She is sure that nothing will stand in her way. McClelland would say that Andrea is
high on achievement motivation.
If you are presented with two cages of rats (where each cage contains both males and females in equal numbers), and the rats in one cage seem much more aggressive and active, you might hypothesize that
the rats in this cage were prenatally exposed to extra androgen.
When babies and preschoolers are observed, __________ cry most; when older children and adults are observed, __________ cry most.
As a group, women have been found to be better than men at
all of the above
Which of the following is NOT a subscale of Zuckerman's "sensation seeking"?
Which of the following individuals best portrays a self-healing personality?
Pamela is constantly on the go and she loves her work and never seems to get tired.
The sick role arises from
a set of societal expectations
What does the term 'Human Termites' refer to?
People who were involved in a longitudinal study started by Lewis Terman
Rotter's work on "locus of control" is well-known, but his writings about __________ have been largely ignored by personality psychologists.
When retirement means giving up an interesting routine, prestige, and an enjoyable social life, it's likely to be __________; when it means free time to pursue hobbies, a chance to relax, and more quality time with family, it's likely to be __________.
un healthy, healthy
In some times in some societies, girls were (and sometimes still are) given clitoridectomies (genital mutilations) in order to prevent their "insatiable and shameful" sexual drives. This suggests that current American views (and studies) showing men with greater sex drives are likely the result of
culture-specific gender stereotypes.
Which of the following is not one of the types of data collected by the Blocks in their longitudinal study?
A person who is hasty, impatient, and hyperalert is most likely
A study that examines helping-behavior by placing people in an experimental situation where they must decide whether to take a risk and help a stranger in need will probably show that
men help more often than women do.