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Numble Jumble Grade 5 Science

STUDY
PLAY
carnivore
A consumer which gets energy from eating animals (meat)
omnivore
A consumer which gets energy from eating plants and animals
herbivore
A consumer which gets energy from eating plants or vegetation
decomposer
An organism that gets energy from recycling nutrients by breaking down decaying material.
producer
An organism that makes its own food by the process of photosynthesis.
photosynthesis
A chemical process by which plants use sunlight to create their own food.
consumer
An organism that gets its energy by eating other organisms.
biome
Areas that have similar climate and land features with specific types of plant and animal life.
organism
A living thing
abiotic
Non living things such as light, air, and soil
biotic
Living things in an ecosystem, such as animals and plants.
terrestrial
Having to do with land (such as forest and grassland)
aquatic
Having to do with water
oxygen
Gas produced by plants that is needed for respiration by animals
carbon dioxide
Gas produced by animals that is needed for respiration by plants
adaptation
A change in order to be successful in a new environment
algae
An aquatic producer that is responsible for 70% of the earth's oxygen
ecosystem
All living and non-living things found together in an environment
environment
Everything that surrounds an organism and influences it
food web
A model that shows how several food chains connect together.
food chain
A simple path that shows how energy moves from one organism to the next.
transfer of energy
How energy moves from one source to another
estuary
An aquatic ecosystem where salt water and fresh water mix
fertile
Rich in nutrients (ex. Grasslands, Estuary)
niche
Specific role based on traits that allow for competing organisms to live in an ecosystem.
pollutant
Harmful substance that has negative effects on an ecosystem
population
A group of the same type of organisms living in one area
traits
Quality or characteristic of a living thing
acquired traits
A trait that a living thing gets during its lifetime
instinct
An inherited behavioral trait such as hibernating and migrating
heredity
The process by which traits are transferred from parent to offspring
DNA
The material that carries all the information about how a living thing will look and function
inherited trait
A characteristic that a living thing gets from its parents
offspring
The young of a person, animal, or plant
cells
The basic unit of life
unicellular
A living organism composed on one cell (amoeba, paramecium)
multi-cellular
A living organism composed of many specialized cells (hydra, insect, animal, human)
tissue
A group of similar cells that work together (muscle cells, skin cells)
organ
Part of a system that consists of cells and tissue that is specialized to perform a specific task (heart, brain)
nervous system
sends and receives messages through the body (brain, nerves, and spinal cord)
circulatory system
moves oxygen and nutrients in the blood throughout the body while removing carbon dioxide (heart, blood vessels) also called cardiovascular system
respiratory system
Brings oxygen in and takes carbon dioxide out (lungs)
digestive system
Breaks down food to be used as energy (stomach, intestines)
skeletal system
Provides support and structure of organs (bones)
muscular system
Works with bones to allow movement (muscles)
skeletal muscles
Muscles attached to bone
smooth muscles
Muscles of the internal organs (stomach)
cardiac muscles
Muscles of the heart
involuntary muscles
Muscles that work automatically (cardiac muscle, stomach muscle)
voluntary muscles
Muscle movement that you can control (lifting your arm)
weather
Condition of the atmosphere at a specific place and time
convection
Transfer of heat energy through liquids and gases; hot air/water rises and cool air falls in a circular motion
radiation
Transfer of heat energy through the waves(i.e. the sun's rays)
climate
Average weather of an area over a period of time
meteorologist
A scientist that studies weather
conduction
Transfer of heat between objects that are touching
evaporation
A change from a liquid to a gas
water cycle
The movement of water between earth's surface and the atmosphere
transpiration
A plant's release of water vapor into the air
condensation
The change from a gas to a liquid
precipitation
The falling to earth of any form of water (Rain, snow, sleet, hail)
run-off
Excess water that the ground cannot absorb and flows over the land
air mass
A large body of air with similar temperature and humidity
front
The boundary between two different air masses (cold or warm)
prevailing wind
A wind pattern that blows consistently in the same direction (In the United States it is from West to East)
jet stream
Air current in the upper atmosphere that goes from West to East
current
A mass of water or air that moves in a specific direction (example: gulf stream)
latitude
The distance North or South of the equator
equator
The imaginary line that divides Northern and Southern Hemispheres ( 0° latitude)
altitude
Height above sea level
humidity
The amount of water vapor in the air
low pressure
A mass of warm moist air (brings stormy weather)
high pressure
A mass of cool dry air (brings fair weather)
weather instruments
Tools that help measure and predict weather conditions (barometer, anemometer, thermometer, etc.)
stratus
Low level layer clouds
cumulus
Mid-level puffy clouds
nimbus
Rain clouds
cirrus
High level wispy clouds
Locomotion
The ability to move
land breeze
A breeze from land towards water during at night
sea breeze
A breeze from sea towards land during the day
Community
All of the populations in an area
force
push or pull on an object
distance
how far an object travels
motion
changing a position over time
speed
how far an object moves in a certain amount of time (distance/time)
acceleration
a change in speed or direction
inertia
a tendency of an object to resist a change in motion
mass
the amount of matter in an object
momentum
the strength of movement
gravity
a force that pulls objects towards each other
friction
the force that resists motion between two touching surfaces, slows things down
air resistance
the force of air pushing against the motion of an object
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
density
How tightly packed the molecules are for a given object
physical change
change in size, shape, or state of matter (can be reversed)
chemical change
change change the forms a new substance (can't be reversed)
temperature
The measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in an object
kinetic energy
the energy of motion
potential energy
stored energy
thermal energy
heat energy
Elevation
height of the earth's surface above sea level

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