Numble Jumble Grade 2 Science

STUDY
PLAY
Air pressure
the weight of air pressing down on earth
Air Resistance
the force that acts in the opposite direction to an object moving through the air.
Atmosphere
a layer of gases surrounding a planet.
Cirrus
high, wispy clouds
Climate
the average weather conditions and patterns in an specific area such as precipitation, temperature and wind
Cumulonimbus
dark, thunderstorm clouds
Cumulus
white, fluffy clouds
Forecast
Predict weather based on patterns and current conditions
Fronts (Cold & Warm)
the place where two large areas of air that are of different temperatures come together
Meteorologist
Scientist that studies and forecasts weather
Precipitation
any form of water falling from the sky to the Earth
Seasons
one of the four periods (spring, summer, autumn, and winter) into which the year is divided
Stratus
low, gray clouds
Temperature (Celsius & Fahrenheit)
a measure of how hot or cold something is (2 scales used to measure)
Water Cycle
the cycle that controls the movement of water on Earth, including condensation, evaporation, and precipitation
Weather Patterns
repeating weather conditions
Wind
moving air, described by direction and speed
Anemometer
Instrument that measures wind speed
Barometer
Instrument that measures humidity
Rain gauge
Instrument that measures rainfall
Thermometer
Instrument that measures temperature
Wind vane
Instrument that observes the direction of the wind
transpiration
How water travels through a plant
Amplify
increase the volume of a sound
Ear Drum
a thin membrane that separates the external and middle ear
Frequency
how often something happens over a period of time
Pitch
how high or low a sound can be
Sound
vibrations sent through matter
Vibration
quick back and forth movements
Vocal Cords
a body part that is in our throat and allows us to speak
Volume
the loudness of sound
Waves
traveling sound
Acquired Traits
a characteristic of an animal that they developed by their own efforts
Develop
how an animal changes its body or actions
Habitat
the place where a plant or animal naturally or normally lives or grows
Heredity
The process of passing traits from parents to offspring
Inherited Traits
a characteristic of an animal or person that they have because of the genes passed from your parents when you are born
Life Cycle
the process of how an animal changes throughout its life
Metamorphosis
how an animal changes after birth to adulthood
Offspring
the babies of an adult
Traits/Characteristics
a quality that makes one animal different from another
adaptation
a change made in order to survive
diet
What animals eat
genetics
Inherited traits from your parents
Density
the amount of matter in something
Dissolve
when a solid mixes in with a liquid and become part of the liquid
Fluidity
how smoothly a liquid substance flows
Freezing
to change from a liquid to a solid
Gas
something that expands in the air and takes the shape of its container
Liquid
something that can flow and take the shape of its container
Matter
something that takes up space
Melting
to change from a solid to a liquid
Mixture
a liquid made up of two or more things
Molecule
small parts that make up matter
Particles
very small parts of matter
Properties
qualities of an object
Solid
something that has a constant shape, does not flow, and takes up space
Solution
a liquid in which something has been dissolved
States (of matter)
gas, liquid or solid
Viscosity
how thick or sticky a liquid is, affecting how quickly it flows
mass
a large body
physical change
When the state of matter changes (freezing to melting)
chemical change
When substances come together and form a new substance (rust)
clear
Something you can see through
transparent
a clear characteristic of an object that light can travel through (Window Pane)
opaque
a characteristic of an object that light can NOT travel through
homogeneous
a group that is the same
heterogeneous
a group that is different

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