50 terms

Manhattan GRE Essential 9/10

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Terms in this set (...)

hedonist
(n) a person who believes that the pursuit of pleasure is the most important thing in life; sybarite
offset
(v) counteract (something) by having an opposing force or effect; (n) a consideration or amount that diminishes or balances the effect of a contrary one
sacrosanct
(adj) (especially of a principle, place, or routine) regarded as too important or valuable to be interfered with
guile
(n) sly or cunning intelligence
abrasive
(adj) (of a substance or material) capable of polishing or cleaning a hard surface by rubbing or grinding; (of a person or manner) showing little concern for the feelings of others
apathy
(n) lack of interest, enthusiasm, or concern
heterogeneous
(adj) diverse in character or content
phony
(adj) not genuine; fraudulent
pervasive
(adj) (especially of an unwelcome influence or physical effect) spreading widely throughout an area or a group of people
stingy
(adj) unwilling to give or spend; ungenerous
affectation
(n) behavior, speech, or writing that is artificial and designed to impress
conciliatory
(adj) intended or likely to placate or pacify
canonical
(adj) conforming to orthodox or recognized rules
implication
(n) the conclusion that can be drawn from something, although it is not explicitly stated; the action or state of being involved in something
impartial
(adj) treating all rivals or disputants equally; fair and just
ephemeral
(adj) lasting for a very short time
impair
(v) weaken or damage something (especially a human faculty or function)
lament
(v) mourn (a person's loss or death); express regret or disappointment over something considered unsatisfactory, unreasonable, or unfair; (n) a passionate expression of grief or sorrow
unequivocal
(adj) leaving no doubt; unambiguous
saturate
(v) cause a substance to unite with the greatest possible amount of another substance
countenance
(n) the appearance of a persons face; (v) to accept, support, or approve of (something)
equitable/(n) equity
(adj) dealing fairly and equally with everyone
foreshadow
(v) to give a suggestion of (something that has not yet happened)
forfeit/(n) forfeiture
(v) to lose or give up (something) as a punishment or because of a rule or law
erratic
(adj) acting, moving, or changing in ways that are not expected or usual
counterintuitive
(adj) against what one would intuitively expect
concur
(v) to agree with someone or something
erroneous
(adj) not correct
eclipse
(n) the obscuring of one thing by another; (v) to make (something) less important or popular; to do or be much better than (someone or something)
arcane/arcanum
(adj) known or understood by only a few people
sagacious/sage
(adj) having or showing an ability to understand difficult ideas and situations and to make good decisions
preamble
(n) a statement that is made at the beginning of something (such as a legal document) and usually gives the reasons for the parts that follow
underscore
(v) to emphasize (something)
lassitude
(n) the condition of being tired--lack of physical or mental energy
intrinsic
(adj) belonging to the essential nature of a thing
substantiate
(v) provide evidence to support or prove the truth of (something)
subside
(v) become less intense, violent, or severe; return to a normal level
diverge/(n) divergent
(v) to split and move out in different directions from a single point
archaic/(n) archaism
(adj) characteristic of an earlier period
partisan
(adj) strongly supporting one leader, group, or cause over another (n) a person who strongly supports a particular leader, group, or cause
perfidious
(adj) deceitful and untrustworthy
illiberal/illiberality
(adj) intolerant of views or principles or religion or people etc. that differ from one's on; lack of generosity
verbose
(adj) (in speaking or writing) using more words than are needed
pugnacious/pugnacity
(adj) showing a readiness or a desire to fight or argue
prudent/prudence
(adj) having or showing careful good judgment
secular
(adj) not concerned with spiritual or religious things
scathing
(adj) (of comments or criticism) very harsh or severe
trite
(adj) not interesting or effective because of being used too often; cliche
tangential
(adj) slightly or indirectly related to something; going off topic
opaque
(adj) not able to be seen through; (especially of language) hard or impossible to understand; (of a person's intellectual ability) stupid, slow to understand