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COLD WAR- Vanderhoef

Cold War

The hostile (competitive) yet nonviolent relationship (rivalry) between the Soviet Union and the United States and their respective allies from between 1945 till 1990.


policy aimed at controlling the spread of Communism throughout the world.

Truman Doctrine

1947 declaration by President Truman that the U.S. would support nations that were threatened by Communism

Yalta Conference

Leaders agree to split Germany in Four Zones and Create United Nations

Iron Curtain

Winston Churchill's term for the extension of Communist control over Eastern Europe

Marshall Plan


Berlin Airlift

airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin

Warsaw Pact

Military alliance formed by Soviet Union with satellite nations in Eastern Europe as a response to NATO

Korean War

the Korean peninsula, fought between 1950 & 1953 which eventually ends in a stalemate


North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries


Charged with spying and giving atomic secrets to the Soviet Union.



Hollywood Ten

who were jailed for refusing to answer congressional questions regarding Communist influence in Hollywood


List of people who employers agree not hire


Inter-continental Ballistic Missile


The first artificial satellite sent into space, launched by the Soviets.

Duck and Cover

What you should do in case of a nuclear attack...

I Love Lucy

most watched TV show in the 1950's

Baby Boom

a sudden dramatic increase in birthrate in the U.S. from between the late 1940's through the early 1960's

American Dream

Live in the SUBURBS
Have more Children
Buy a Car
Shop at a Shopping Center!


to have a abundance of money, property, and other material good or riches

Rock 'n' Roll

Music popular among teenagers during the 1950's

Elvis Presley

King of Rock 'n' Roll

Beats / Beatniks

Literary rebels against conformity and consumer culture

National Defense Education Act

1958 measure designed to improve science and mathematics instruction in schools

Highway Act

1956 Congressional action that led to the current interstate highway system, Eisenhower's legacy

Sunbelt States

population shifts in the 1950s to these Southern and SW states for jobs & warmer climates

Soviet Union

Biggest rival for the U.S. during the COLD WAR.

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