SS.7.C.2.4 VOCAB

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amendment
a change to a constitution (e.g., U.S. Constitution, Florida Constitution)
Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution
cruel & unusual punishment
punishment prohibited by the Eighth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution; includes torture or other forms of punishment too severe for the crime committed
eminent domain
the right of the government to take private property for public use; the Fifth Amendment requires that people be paid fairly (compensated) for their property if it is taken by the government
freedom of peaceable (peaceful) assembly
the right to hold meetings and form groups without interference by the government; guaranteed in the First Amendment
freedom of press
the right of the press to write and print news and information free from government interference; guaranteed in the First Amendment
freedom of religious exercise
the right for citizens to practice the religion of their choice without government interference; guaranteed in the First Amendment
freedom of speech
the right for citizens to speak freely without government interference; guaranteed in the First Amendment
freedom to petition the government
the freedom for citizens to engage in any nonviolent, legal means of encouraging or criticizing government action; guaranteed in the First Amendment
pleading the fifth
the right of a person to refuse to testify under oath in a court of law on the grounds that the answers could be used as evidence against him to convict him of a criminal offense
right to bear arms
the idea in the Second Amendment that people have an individual right to own and carry weapons
rights of the accused
the rights included in the Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Amendments: protection from unreasonable search and seizure, double jeopardy, and self-incrimination, the right to due process, right to a speedy and public trial, trial by jury, the right to be informed of criminal charges, right to confront witnesses in court, right to an attorney, protection from self-incrimination
suffrage
the right to vote
unenumerated rights
according to the Ninth Amendment, any right that is not specifically addressed in the Constitution still may be protected (e.g., privacy)
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