SS.7.C.3.11 VOCAB

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Terms in this set (...)

appeal
a request, made after a trial, asking a higher court to decide whether that trial was conducted properly
appellate court
any court that has the power to hear appeals from lower courts
circuit courts
a court for a defined region of a state (usually including several counties) that has specific divisions and hears cases involving more serious crimes (felonies) and civil cases involving large amounts of money (more than $15,000)
county courts
a court that hears both civil and criminal cases involving less serious crimes or minor issues for one specific county
Florida District Court of Appeals
an appellate court in the state court system that reviews decisions made by the lower trial courts
jurisdiction
the right and power for courts to hear a case, interpret and apply the law
U.S. Supreme Court
the highest court of the United States; it sits at the top of the federal court system
Florida Supreme Court
the highest court in Florida
jury
a group of citizens sworn to give a true verdict according to the evidence presented in a court of law
original jurisdiction
the power of a court to be the first to hear a case on a specific topic
U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
the courts where parties who are dissatisfied with the judgment of a U.S. District court may take their case
U.S. District Courts
the courts where most federal cases begin, the U.S. District Courts are courts of original jurisdiction and hear civil and criminal cases
trial court
the local, state, or federal court that is the first to hear a civil or criminal case; involves a hearing and decision with a single judge, with or without a jury