Chapter 15 - Immigrants and Urbanization
Terms in this set (24)
Where European immigrants arrived in the New York Harbor.
Where Asian immigrants - mainly Chinese arriving on the West Coast in the San Francisco Bay.
A mixture of people from different cultures and races who blend together by abandoning their native languages and cultures.
Favoring the interests of native born people over foreign born people.
Chinese Exclusion Act
A law enacted in 1882, that prohibited all Chinese except students, teachers, merchants, tourists, and government officials from entering the United States.
A 1907 - 1908 agreement between the U.S. and Japanese governments to limit Japanese immigration to the United States.
The growth of cities.
Education program designed to help immigrants assimilate to American Culture.
A multifamily urban dwelling, usually overcrowded and unsanitary.
Transportation systems designed to move large numbers of people along fixed routes.
Social Gospel Movement
A 19th century reform movement based on the belief that Christians have a responsibility to help improve working conditions and alleviate poverty.
A community center providing assistance to resistants - particularly immigrants - in a slum neighborhood.
One of the most influential members of the reform movements. Her and Ellen Gates Starr founded Chicago's Hull House in 1889.
An organized group that controls a political party in a city and offers services to voters and businesses in exchange for political and financial support.
The illegal use of political influence for personal gain.
Real name is William M. Tweed became the head of Tammany Hall, New York City's powerful Democratic political machine in 1868. Between 1868 and 1871, Boss Tweed led the Tweed Ring, a group of corrupt politicians, in defrauding the city.
An office holder's power to appoint people - usually those who have helped him or her get elected to positions in government.
The nonmilitary branches of government administration.
Rutherford B. Hayes
Republican President elected in 1876. Could not get Congress to support reforms.
James A. Garfield
Ohio Congressmen who was an independent, but a reformer.
Chester A. Arthur
To balance out Garfield's ties to reforms - the Republican nominated for vice president Chester A. Arthur, one of Conkling's supporters.
Pendleton Civil Service Act
A law, enacted in 1883, that established a bipartisan civil service commission to make appointments to government jobs by means of the merit system.
In 1884, the Democratic Party won a presidential election for the first time in 28 years with candidate Grover Cleveland. As president, Cleveland tried to lower tariff rates, but Congress refused to support him.
Won the 1888 Presidential Election. He signed the McKinley Tariff Act of 1890, which raised tariffs on manufactured goods to their highest level yet.