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AP Art History: The Principles of Design
Terms in this set (35)
the action or path that a viewer's eye will follow through a piece of artwork
the presence of showing characteristics, forms, or types to create visual interest
arranging elements to create a visual sense of equilibrium.
the use of the elements and principles to create a sense of wholeness to a composition; also known as harmony.
where the focus of the piece is directed through the use of the design
movement created through the repetition of consistent lines, colors and shapes; can make a piece seem active.
provides something to break the repetition of a piece through strongly differing elements to create interest.
refers to the relative size and scale of the various elements in a design; the issue is the relationship between objects, or parts, of a whole.
the distribution of the visual weight of objects, colors, texture, and space.
the part of the design that catches the viewer's attention
the path the viewer's eye takes through the work of art, often to focal areas. Such movement can be directed along lines, edges, shape, and color within the
work of art.
the repeating of an object or symbol all over the work of art.
Repetition works with
pattern to make the work of art seem active.
the feeling of unity created when all parts (sizes, amounts, or number) relate well with each other.
created when one or more elements of design are used repeatedly to create a feeling of organized movement.
the use of several elements of design to hold the viewer's attention and to guide the viewer's eye through and around the work of art.
the feeling of harmony between all parts of the work of art, which creates a sense of completeness.
Movement can also be
how an eye "moves" through a work of art
Variety is commonly achieved through
the use of contrast, emphasis, and variations in size and color.
If a work is balanced
no one part of the work overpowers or seems heavier than any other part.
The two types of balance are
symmetrical (formal) and asymmetrical (informal)
when both sides of a piece are the same (like the face)
when each side of a piece is different
are the areas where the artist draws the viewer's eye to that specific place in the piece; associated with emphasis
Focal points can be achieved through
contrast, emphasis, and variety.
Rhythm can be
regular, alternating, flowing, progressive, and random.
It is necessary to discuss proportion in terms of
In symmetrical balance, the elements used on one side of the design are
similar to those on the other side
In asymmetrical balance, the sides are _____
but still look ______ .
In radial balance, the elements are arranged around a ____ ______ and may be _____.
central point; similar
Usually the artist will make one area stand out by
contrasting it with other areas. The area could
be different in size, color, texture, shape, etc.
The repetition of elements of design creates
unity within the work of art.
When drawing the human figure, proportion can refer
to the size of the head compared to the rest of the body.
a mood like music or dancing.
To keep rhythm exciting and active,
variety is essential.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
AP Art History Vocabulary
What is Art? Aesthetics and Composition
AP Art History 250
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