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33 terms

Ch. 6 Cell Structure and Function

pretty much the test :)
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Where are ribosomes made?
nucleolus
The interbal space of the rough ER
cisternae
The garbage collectors of the cell
lysosome
Large sack in plant cell that stores water
vacuole
Foldede inner membrane of the mitochondria where the cellular respiration occurs
cristae
all are part of the choloroplast EXCEPT
mitonchondria
the thickest of the cytosjeleton filaments are
microtubules
what two fuels are needed by the mitonchondria in order to make ATP?
O2 & C6 H12 O6
This organelle acts like the United States Postal Service, in that it collects, stores, modifies, and ships out proteins to be exported?
golgi
This organelle is a protein factory
ribosome
this organelle is a maze-like extension of the nuclear membrane
endoplasmic reticulum
the cytoskeleton has this or these functions
cell structure and support
anchorage of organelles
movement for and within the cell
a prokaryote cell would not have
nucleus
ER (smooth and rough)
lysosomes
a eukaryote cell has DNA in this form
single stranded (half the ladder)
this organelle is thought to have once been a prokaryote
mitochondria
this organelle is found in plants and has its own DNA and a green pigment
choloroplast
the stoacks of dic shaped internal sacks of a choloroplast are called
grana
this organelle is responsible for regulating Calcium levels for muscle cell contractions
smooth ER
the liquid part of a cell is known as
cytoplasm
made of cpomplex-carbohydrate this strucure is rigid and helps protect single celled organisms
cell wall
this organelle is abundant in liver cells because it helsp to metablozie toxins
smooth ER
Cells that have no nucleus or membrane bound organelles
bacteria
the structure of the cell membrane is
a phospholipid bilayer
volume is the measurement of
length times width times height
DNA that is loosely packed and expressed hereditarty information
nucleiod
"Karyote" refers to what
ATP production
a "fluid mosaic of embeddexd protiens, fats, and carbohydrates" is describing the structure of
cell membrane
which cell structure woild be invloved in seperating DNA during cell division
microtubules
when single celled organisms join forces and function as one unified mass this is called
colonization
in multicellular animals and plants, cells are specialized to work together, this is called
tissues
the TISSUE of animals that covers the outside and the inside linings is called
epithelial
this animals tissue allows for involuntary contractions: example: diaphragm
smooth muscle
the theory that dscribes the belief that mitochondria and choloroplasts once were bacteria that have been taken in by larger cells to become eukaryotic organellse is called
Endosymbiotic Theory