CLEP American Literature Set #3
Custom set for the study of CLEP American Literature
Terms in this set (36)
English explorer who helped found the colony at Jamestown, Virginia
A pilgrim that lived in a north colony called Plymouth Rock in 1620. He was chosen governor 30 times. He also conducted experiments of living in the wilderness and wrote about them; well known for "Of Plymouth Plantation."
Calvinist, devised concept of "city on a hill" ("A Model of Christian Charity"); founded highly successful towns in Massachusetts Bay
published the first wolume of poems by an America (The Tenth Muse Sprung up in America), wrote To My Dear and Loving Husband, which uses a heroic cuplet
was captured in 1675 during King Philip's War. She wrote a book about her experiences called "A Narrative on the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson"
(1642-1729) Puritan minister considered to be the most gifted and complex writer before Emerson and Whitman, wrote Huswifery
was a socially and politically influential New England Puritan minister, prolific author, and pamphleteer. He is often remembered for his connection to the Salem witch trials.
Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God, Part of the Great Awakening, gave gripping sermons about sin and the torments of Hell.
American public official, writer, scientist, and printer. After the success of his Poor Richard's Almanac (1732-1757), he entered politics and played a major part in the American Revolution, negotiated French support for the colonists, signed the Treaty of Paris (1783), and helped draft the Constitution (1787-1789).
J. Hector st. John de Crevecoeur
was a French-American writer. He was born in Caen, Normandy, France, to the Comte and Comtesse de Crèvecœur (Count and Countess of Crèvecœur). he published a volume of narrative essays entitled the Letters from an American Farmer
Revolutionary leader who wrote the pamphlet Common Sense (1776) arguing for American independence from Britain. In England he published The Rights of Man
He was a delegate from Virginia at the Second Continental Congress and wrote the Declaration of Independence. He later served as the third President of the United States.
Enslaved African writer. In 1789, he wrote an autobiography describing his life in slavery
sometimes called the "Poet of the American Revolution". The non-political works are a combination of neoclassicism and romanticism. His nature poem, "The Wild Honey Suckle" (1786), is considered an early seed to the later Transcendentalist movement
American poet (born in Africa) who was the first recognized Black writer in America (1753-1784)
American writer remembered for the stories "Rip Van Winkle" and "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow," contained in The Sketch Book (1819-1820).
James Fenimore Cooper
american writer of adventure stories that idealized the american indian and the frontier.
William Cullen Bryant
Puritan author wrote "thanatopsis" one of the first high quality poems produced in America.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Essayist, poet. A leading transcendentalist, emphasizing freedom and self-reliance in essays which still make him a force today. He had an international reputation as a first-rate poet. He spoke and wrote many works on the behalf of the Abolitionists.
Originally a transcendentalist; later rejected them and became a leading anti-transcendentalist. He was a descendant of Puritan settlers. The Scarlet Letter shows the hypocrisy and insensitivity of New England puritans by showing their cruelty to a woman who has committed adultery and is forced to wear a scarlet "A".
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
United States poet remembered for his long narrative poems (1807-1882), "Paul Revere's Ride"
John Greenleaf Whittier
Wrote the poem "Snowbound" about childhood memories where his family prepared for a snowstorm.
Edgar Allen Poe
a gifted lyric poet, short story writer, who was fascinated by the ghastly and ghostly themes in his poems, he is most famous for "The Raven"
Social reformer, leader in women's movement and a transcendentalist. Edited "The Dial" which was the publication of the transcendentalists. It appealed to people who wanted "perfect freedom" "progress in philosophy and theology and hope that the future will not always be as the past".
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin, a book about a slave who is treated badly, in 1852. The book persuaded more people, particularly Northerners, to become anti-slavery.
1861, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl. Pseudonym Linda Brent. "The cruelty of slavery destroyed the virtue of an entire society..." Her book is devoted to the protagonist's struggle to free her 2 children after she runs away herself. She spends 7 years trapped in a tiny space built into her grandmother's barn to occasionally see her children.
Henry David Thoreau
American transcendentalist who was against a government that supported slavery. He wrote down his beliefs in Walden. He started the movement of civil-disobedience when he refused to pay the toll-tax to support him Mexican War.
one of the most prominent african american figures in the abolitionist movement. escaped from slavery in maryland. he was a great thinker and speaker. published his own antislavery newspaper called the north star and wrote an autobiography that was published in 1845.
American poet whose great work Leaves of Grass (first published 1855), written in unconventional meter and rhyme, celebrates the self, death as a process of life, universal brotherhood, and the greatness of democracy and the United States.
An American writer in the 1800s who drew on his experiences at sea and living on South Pacific islands for material and also wrote "Moby Dick". In addition, he rejected the optimism of the transcendentalists and felt that man faced a tragic destiny.
wrote "Wild Nights--Wild Nights!;" "I Heard A Fly Buzz When I Died," and "Because I Could Not Stop For Death--;" 19th century poet; major themes: flowers/gardens, the master poems, morbidity, gospel poems, the undiscovered continent; irregular capitalization, use of dashes & enjambment, took liberty with meter
poet, wrote "The New Colossus" (5 lines of which are on the statue of liberty)
Master of satire. A regionalist writer who gave his stories "local color" through dialects and detailed descriptions. His works include The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, "The Amazing Jumping Frog of Calaverus County," and stories about the American West.
-union officer in civil war (developed pessimistic view)
-raised on farm, left to go to military acadamy, went to war
-dealt with futility of war, cruelty of death, and indiffernce of death
-became journalist for newspaper after war...published several short stories
-tragic personal life...wife divorced, 2sons died at early age
-after tragedies, traveled to mexico to cover the mexican revolution
A writer who depiced life in the rough mining camps of the west.
wrote of the confrontation of innocent Americans with subtle Europeans. His novels frequently included women as the central characters, exploring their inner reactions to complex situations with a skill that marked him as a master of psychological realism.