81 terms

Math 3370 Final

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Mean
If all things are equal, everyone will get the same amount.
Permutation
The set of objects in which position, or order, matters.
Sample Space
The set of all possible outcomes.
Impossible Event
An event that is not likely to happen.
Combination
The set of objects in which position, or order, does not matter.
Box Plot
A visual representation of the five number summary.
Normal Curve
A line graph depicting a set of data that are normally distributed; meaning the frequency values are highest in the middle, and the graph is symmetric.
Standard Deviation
The square of the average distance from the mean. Tells how spread out the data is.
Variation
The difference in the numbers of a data set.
Scatter Plot
Used to show the relationship between two data sets.
Probability
A numerical value that represents the degree to which we believe that an event will or will not happen.
Mode
The data value that occurs most often.
Certain Event
An event that is most likely to happen.
Median
The middle data value.
Stem-and-leaf plot
Used to show each value in a data set and to group values into intervals. Allows to pull out the data from the graph.
Histogram
Used to compare numbers of data items grouped in numerical intervals.
Circle Graph
Used to show the division of a whole into parts.
Bar Graph
Used to compare numbers of data items grouped in categories; order does not matter except for convenience.
Line Plot
Used when there is only one group of data with less than 50 values.
Line Graph
Used to show how the data values change over time; normally used for continuous data.
Concurrent Lines
Three or more lines that intersect at a single point.
Alternate interior angles
Two interior angles that have different vertices and are on opposite sides of the traversal.
Cone
A simple, closed surface whose base is a simple, closed curve and whose lateral surface slopes up to a vertex.
Alternate exterior angles
Two exterior angles that have different vertices and are on opposite sides of the traversal.
Dodecahedron
A regular polyhedron made of twelve regular pentagons.
Pyramid
All polyhedral whose base is a polygon and whose faces are triangles that have a common vertex.
Skew Lines
Two lines that do not intersect and do not lie in the same plane.
Substution
If a = b, then we can replace "a" with "b" in any equation.
Trapezoid
A quadrilateral with at least one pair of parallel sides.
Sphere
The set of points equidistance from a given point.
Polyhedron
Simple closed surfaces that are composed of polygonal regions.
Kite
A quadrilateral in which two pairs of adjacent sides are congruent.
n-gon
A polygon with n sides.
Prism
All polyhedral that have two parallel faces that are congruent polygons.
Heptagon
A polygon with seven sides.
nonagon
A polygon with nine sides.
Cylinder
A simple, closed surface that is bounded by two congruent simple closed curves that lie in parallel planes.
Corresponding Angles
Two angles on the same side of the traversal with different vertices, where one is an exterior angle and the other is an interior angle.
Circle
The set of points in a plane that are all the same distance from a given point
Cube
A regular polyhedron made of six squares.
Reflexive Property
a=a
Transitive Property
If a = b and b = c, then a = c.
Icosahedron
A regular polyhedron made of twenty equilateral triangles.
Dodecagon
A polygon with twelve sides.
Rhombus
A quadrilateral in which all sides are congruent.
Octahedron
A regular polyhedron made of eight equilateral triangles.
Rectangle
A quadrilateral in which all angles are congruent.
Decagon
A polygon with ten sides.
Vertical Angles
When two lines intersect, the angles opposite each other.
Complementary Anlges
The sum of the measures of two angles is 90 degrees.
Parallelogram
A quadrilateral in which both pairs of opposite sides are parallel.
Supplementary Anlges
The sum of the measures of two angles is 180 degrees.
Reflex angle
An angle whose measure is greater than 180 degrees and less than 360 degrees.
Square
A quadrilateral in which all four sides are congruent and all four angles are congruent.
Tetrahedron
A regular polyhedron made of four equilateral triangles.
Surface Area
Found by adding the area of all the bases/faces
Volume
Found by multiplying the area of the base by the height of the three dimensional solid.
Perimeter
The sum of lengths of the sides.
Area
Generally deals with "how much" it takes to cover an object.
Median
A line segment that connects a vertex to the midpoint of the opposite side.
Diagonal
A line segment that joins two nonadjacent vertices in a polygon.
Centroid
The intersection of the medians
Midsegment
Line segment connecting two midpoints in a triangle.
Incenter
The intersection of the angle bisectors.
Midpoint
The middle of a line segment.
Angle Bisector
A line segment that bisects an angle.
Perpendicular Bisector
A line segment that goes through the midpoint of a side and is perpendicular to that side.
Altitude
A perpendicular line segment that connects a vertex to a line containing the side opposite that vertex.
Circumcenter
The intersection of the perpendicular bisectors.
Tessellation
A regular repetition of the figure or figures covering a plane so that there are no gaps and no overlapping of figures.
Rotation
A transformation on a plane determined by holding one point fixed and rotation the plane about this point by certain number of degrees in a certain direction.
Scale Factor
The common ratio between the sides of two figures.
Reflection
Copying a figure across a line.
Translation
Moving an object along a straight line and not turning it.
Circumfrence
the distance around a circle
Perpendicular Lines
Two intersecting lines that form a right angle.
scalene triangle
A triangle with with all three sides having different lengths.
Parallel Lines
Two lines in the same plane that never intersect.
Isosceles Triangle
A triangle with at least two sides the same length.
Polygon
A simple closed curve in the plane that is composed only of line segments.
Straight angle
An angle whose measure is 180 degrees.