Scheduled maintenance: Saturday, December 10 from 10PM to 11PM PST
Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Arts and Humanities
Terms in this set (126)
A design which employs non-realistic use of natural and/or man-made materials solely as pure elements; line, form, color, and texture in space with which to create a statement evoking a well thought-out emotion.
A general term for a broad classification of designs that distinguish North American Style. Classic American design is characterized by the use of large quantities of materials with little o no negative pace, often rounded in form and with a radial placement.
American design was later influenced by the floral arts of the East and West, giving rise to geometric forms and the term 'line-mass.'
Hand-tied bouquet that has its own water source for transportation. This bouquet style is sold in England and throughout Europe.
Any three-dimensional design combining materials of natural, man-made or found objects into an integrated whole. (Its counterpart created on a flat surface is called a collage.)
The English term for the hedgerow design.
A rounded or conical floral arrangement, similar to the nosegay, and named for a German style of interior design of the early 1800s. A Biedermeier design is typically created with compact spiraling or concentric circles, each featuring a particular flower or color, which virtually no negative space.
A late 20th Century American design concept which fature at least five parts of the plant; eg., stems, leaves, buds, blossoms, and roots. This design represents the life cycle of the plant, presented in an manipulated manner.
A design style that incorporates two or more base designs/structures that provides a link, connection, or means of coming together; a transitional or connecting section in a design; a connection between two or more areas in a complete composition.
A deign with the main element being a structure to surrounding, protecting and or highlighting products, usually made from branches, stems, wire, or vines.
An arrangement that features descending lines of plant materials in the manner of falling water.
Low-relief composition of plant materials, either fresh or preserved. Symbolic or suggestive effect.
A compact, tightly massed composition of plant materials, typically symmetrical and round, with flowers arranged in fairly regular patterns. This design is often collared with a ring of foliage or lace. The term 'colonial design' is a misnomer, in that the true American Colonists had little more than grasses, weeds, wild berries and scant garden flowers with which to design; sometimes incorrectly referred to as a Williamsburg design.
All around composition, a tree dimensional geometrical figure triangular in silhouette, having a circular base and sides that taper evenly into a point.
Three-sided asymmetrical design, similar in shape as the quarter moon; also known as the 'C' shaped arrangement.
A European term for a design style featuring numerous types, colors and amounts of materials interspersed throughout a usually symmetrical arrangements, creating a full and lush effect. The entire composition impacts the eye more so than any individual flower of component.
A composition characterized by the dominant use of fruit in wreath and garland designs. The style is named for the terra cotta relief work of the Della Robbia family of renaissance Italy. This design is used not only for winter holidays, but all year round.
This geometric style is a three-sided design where the axis lies on a slant of the 45 degrees.
To hang with layers to arrange to fall or rest limply. Designed in layers to insure stem support beginning with longer flower stems to shorter wrapping ribbon, wire or any materials at levels to encourage visual draping motion.
Much like synergistic, but may have only two containers, or more. The containers may be the same shape, but a different size or color, usually he smaller one would be placed in front of the larger and off-set, echo like, no connecting material is used.
A circular shelter design similar to a bird's nest; drawing the eye inward.
Classical, mass composition including woody stem branches and foliage to resemble the arching lines characteristic of English gardens.
A plant as a fruit tree trained to grow in formal repeated flat pattern against a support, such as a wall, in floral design may be three-sided or free-standing centered stems with horizontal or diagonal branches.
General class used to include contemporary European style; important aspects of European design. There are the following categories: design.
New, untried, trial, investigational, tentative - anything goes!
Geometric form three-sided semi-circular, radiating design in which lines emerge from a center point much like the spokes from the hub of a wheel.
Massed design commonly seen in Dutch and Flemish still-life art pieces; abundant variety of flowers arranged with no thought of compatibility or seasonality. Rich colors, accessories (insects, shells, fruit) are trademarks of this style.
Buoyed on or suspended in as if in a fluid; not secured in place, unfixed.
Acronym for 'floral object.' Sculpture-like; made with several individual floral, natural or man-made elements.
Design style an asymmetrical balanced design of few materials, usually placed in groups, that emphasizes forms and lines. Generous uses of space accentuates the individual flowers, leaves, stem angles, colors and textures. Radial stem placement is typical.
As the name implies, this design is a closed silhouette in which outline is free and flowing, like amoeba, not a geometric shape. Characteristics include this is a closed design, with no intersecting or straight lines.
This design combines the elements of different design styles. Designs of this type are not categorized according to any one particular design/s style. It is combination of and has played a part in innovative creations since the 1970's. It is popular because of cultural diversity, travel and openness to new design experiences.
Design with arranged stems of materials such as flowers, foliage, and accessories made in the hand using a disciplines method of placement as spiraling, then securely fastening at the binding point designed to place in a vase or be carried. The stems may be wrapped embellished or left natural.
A design that is suspended and viewed at eye level or a little above. There are two types of hanging designs: one that has no movement and is suspended from a flat surface such as a door, wall, easel, etc. The other may have one or more movable parts and is suspended from above, on a hook, from a light fixture, or within a frame. In both types of hanging designs, there may be two or more designs that is combined to create a unified composition.
A precise upright design including parallel stems placement. There are plant materials in multiple layers, such to appear as horizontal bands or garden wall.
A design reflecting sophisticated technology, using industrial material such as sheet metal, laboratory glass or modern plastics as design components.
Part of the geometric design style; an elegant elongated "S" shaped curve often interpreted in design, that is also known as " The Line of Beauty." Named for 18th century English artist William Hogarth.
A composition in which the predominate line (s) are parallel to the plane of he horizon or the surface base.
Means 'to arrange flowers,' to live. To set in the best light. Ikebana is generally interpreted as a broad term describing the Japanese art of floral design.
Ikebana - Free Style
Advanced creative style popularized by Sogetsu School which allows greater freedom in interpreting the rules of traditional Ikebana.
Ikebana - Moribana
Considered the most basic structure in Ikebana. Water is an integral part of the design. In warm weather the pin holder goes to the back of the arrangement so that we get the cooling sight of the water . This is revered in cool weather. The pin holder goes to the front, or back, right, or left of the container, with the empty part balancing the design. There are many different variations on this style. The design may be upright or slanted.
Ikebana - Morimono
Still life featuring fruit, vegetables, flowers without water.
Ikebana - Nageire
Nageire means "thrown in." A cylinder, a tall curved vase, bamboo, or any tall, heavy container can be used. Glass or lightweight containers are unsuitable. Forked sticks traditionally support the plant material. Material is traditionally arranged so that one-half of the container mouth is left open. The design may be upright or slanted.
Ikebana - Rikka
Large and complex standing arrangement with elaborate and precise stem placements.
Ikebana - Shin/Shoka
Classic Ikebana, graceful simplicity, formal. Semi-formal and informal styles; three major stems placements intended for smaller residences.
A cerative design, which incorporates light as an integral part of the design. Characteristics include not just a design with a light focused on it. Lights of various types can be placed above, underneath, behind, or within the design, but not in front as a spotlight. Light sources may include LED lights, rope lights, lighted tubing, colored lights, strings of lights and should be battery-driven. The lights contribute an additional quality to the design creating a greater depth.
A composition which is an explanation or conception of the meaning of another's artistic creative work through floral design and floral art. The rendering of a work of art so as to bring out a meaning or indicate one's particular conception of it. The design elements are organized to suggest a grain theme, idea, occasion, mood, atmosphere, style, period or other works of art. A variation from the authentic or an adaptation.
Inverted T Design
Symmetrically balanced design with three sides. The strong vertical line intersects the horizontal plane and the focal point. The visual and physical weight of the design is at the base. Strong vertical line in the center with inverted crescents on either side flowing close to the vertical into the horizontal forming a capital 'T' upside down.
Earthworks, or Earth, or Land Art is an art/design movement in which landscape and the work of art are inextricably linked. It is also an art form created in nature using natural materials.
Flowers, branches and foliage as well as other materials such as stones or decorative accents are arranged in a planned or cultivate manner such that the influence of the designer is evident. Grouping of flowers, may be stair-stepped or zoned.
Element of line has more dominance than form. Uses more negative space with their showcasing of design. A general term for any composition in which the element of form. Line design typically incorporate relatively more negative space as a means of showering the linear qualities of the plant materials.
Linear-based design in which materials enhance and strengthen the established line (s); designs in which both line and mass are important but neither dominate. Sometimes called massed line and includes what is known as Western Line Design.
Historically, Living Wall referred to formal or informal hedgerows. A living wall is either a hedge that is composed entirely of plants, such as trimmed shrubs or a wall that is partially or completely covered by plants, the latter is referred to as 'Green Wall.'
Element of form has more dominance than line. Dense, with little negative space, emphasizing the overall shape o the arrangement.
Mille de Fleur
A design style using many varieties and many individual blossoms of similar sizes primarily in circular shapes. The blossom s are often loosely and delicately arranged. From the French meaning "1,000 flowers."
Any style arrangement which does not exceed five inches in any direction. Characteristics: Miniatures can be of any style or any design ("period," oriental, mass line, etc.) Employ all the rules of design. Scale and proportion are the most important.
Containers: The container should be small, so that it does not dominate the design.
An Abstract kinetic design style inspired by American sculptor Alexander Calder, consisting of a group of freely moving, suspended forms, having physical and visual balance. Motion is inherent and induced by air currents with all parts moving freely. It must have equal interest throughout.
Round design; a general term for a heaped pile of products in fresh, permanent botanical or dried and or a combination. It resembles a natural earthen formation.
Flowers, foliages and branches arranged to emphasize their natural beauty and the manner in which they grow. Not contrived or manipulated. This applies to both fresh and permanent designs.
A variant parallel system design composed of groupings of horizontal stem placements emerging from the base of the composition at a 90 degree angle to those in the vertical position. The horizontal grouping may extend from all four sides of the arrangement and are composed of the same materials as the vertical groups, implying a sense of reflection.
A specific type of Avante freedom design, requiring the manipulation and/or abstraction and coloring of materials to create a non realistic presentation. The term derives from the 1960's movement in French Cinema that abandoned traditional narrative techniques in favor of greater use of symbolism and abstraction.
Three-sided or all around design, symmetrically balanced composition having a broadly elliptical or egg shaped from which may be either vertical or horizontal.
Panel is a creative design, which included a panel or panels, plant material, and other components. The panels must be integrated within the design. The panel(s) can either be self-supporting or be supported by the other components in the design. A background does not constitute a panel. (A distinct portion, section, or division of a wall, wainscot, ceiling, door, shutter, fence, etc., especially of any surface sunk below o raised above the general level or enclosed by a frame or border.
Parallel design is using parallel stem placements in groupings of stems that are placed in the same direction and are always the same distance apart from end to end. Negative space exists between the groups. Radial design is with stems emerging from a common central vertical axis or central point. This design style employs each of these styles into one by combining the strong vertical line with the radiating line. This is an advanced design style recently introduced and explored.
Parallel stem placements in which grouping of stems are placed in the same direction as each other and always the same distance apart from end to end. Negative space exhibits between the groups. There are no major components that have radiating lines, however there may be some basing involved with slight radial stem placements. Parallel system designs are usually vertical, but can be horizontal or diagonal.
Naturalistic design style in which flowers and plant materials are placed as the grow in nature. Materials should be those found together in nature with topographical compatibility. Two or more lines have the same direction or coarse with continuous equal space between them. The lines never meet.
A basing technique using parallel or surface countered insertions which creates a uniform area with little or no variation in depth. A term borrowed from jewelry making, which refers to gem stones set closely together so that no metal is visible.
A style of design in which materials burst out from the center of a rounded design. Named for the ancient mythological Egyptian bird who rose from it's own fiery ashes of destruction.
A creative design featuring the dominance of the cylindrical (tubular) form Plant material may be densely packed within the tube and soaring upward, but still echoing the cylinder shape. Plant materials must be kept within the visual boundaries of the form. The design may have more than one unit. Containers: tubes may consist of metal, cardboard, plastic, glass, or fabric.
A design that takes floral materials in low clusters to give a soft mounded appearance.
An oval shaped bouquet that is vertically stretched in shape with the lower tip elongated into a point. The style is a combination of round and cascading form. An oval design created in a vertical style which is less rounded a the top tapering to an apex.
Two or more growing plants put in one pot with an arrangement of cut flowers. Plants may be of the same or different varieties, having compatible growing requirements.
Naturalistic design style in which flowers and plant materials are placed as they grow in nature. Materials should be those found together in nature with emphasis placed on climatic, geographical, and topographical compatibility. Using a group of lines that extend outward from one central point
A symmetrically balanced composition having the form of a rectangle.
This is a creative design containing materials, which reflects an image or light back to the viewer. These reflective components are integral to the design and must appear throughout the design. Designer must be man-made items. Some materials hat may be used might be: Plexiglas, foil, metallic paper, or broken pieces of mirror. Reflective bases, backgrounds, containers, may be used, but do not, by themselves, fulfill the design requirements.
All around symmetrically balanced, radial composition, hemispherical form.
Two or more layers of bread-in the case of floral, two or more layers of an object with fresh product between layers.
A free-form design, often times freestanding, emphasizing form as its predominant element; three dimensional.
The process of isolating the materials within their own specific areas separated by line, space, texture, color or form.
Parallel landscape design style where the viewer is seeing a portion; an expanse of scenery of a particular type, especially as much as can be seen by the eye. This particular style features the surface without curves, with relatively little depth, the base touching another surface at all points with void connecting the product at the same distance above the plane.
A free standing composition in which the primary axis lies on a slant of approximately 45 degrees. The design materials take a diagonal course, direction, or path bound or individual stems giving an oblique or sloping direction, interpreting the line for special interest.
A arrangement may not exceed eight inches in any direction. Scale and proportion, as in miniature arrangements are of utmost importance. Please see description under miniature arrangements.
A curved line that emanates from a central point becoming progressively farther away as it revolves around the point that starts from the point where it curves and winds around the fixed center point, but winds farther and farther from the point.
Static, sculptured composition that implies motion, even though rigid and stationary and held in position at the base. A sense of arrested motion, frozen in space.
Vertically-tiered design made up of floral materials arranged in containers that are stacked on top of one another. Smaller containers are at the top and get progressively larger as they go down.
The use of large stones as an artistic medium encased in metal or wood frames produces furniture sculpture for expression and functional purposes. The use of large stones as an artistic medium encased in metal or wood framed produces furniture sculpture for expression and functional purposes.
Sweeping patterns with combinations of many nuances in color spectrum give way to classic severity, edges, corners take on rounder silhouettes and clear lines are swept up into spirals and swirls. The style is presented as modern, unconventional and vivacious. Introduced in 1998 by Kalus Wagener/Profil Floral.
A design consisting of multiple separate units (plant materials, vases, or other components ) that produce greater impact when viewed as a whole rather than the sum of its individual components. All elements of the overall composition must work together in an artistic manner.
A form of hand crafted textile art. It is composed of two or more sets of interlaced threads, those running parallel to the length. Which is a flat structure hanging or horizontal flat fabric. This may be made of natural materials as branches, pussy willow grasses with decorative materials as ribbons and yarn. They may be very large to cover a window, or strips for decorative accents. Choose materials, create a pattern, the tying material may be raffia, wire, ribbons, string, or rope.
A design of fresh cut, dried, or permanent botanical material put together in the form of a garden topiary, generally a standard which has a single or appearing to have single trunk.
A triangle shaped design i.e., right triangle design has a vertical line perpendicular to a horizontal line forming a zero degree angle within the triangle. Can be a "L" shape design or right angle or scalene triangle.
Symmetrical, three-sided design forming a triangle with all three sides being the same length.
A three-sided composition which forms a symmetrical triangle with two sides being the same length and the third side being a different length.
Asymmetrical balanced, three-sided composition in the shape of a triangle having a vertical axis; perpendicular to the horizon line forming a 90 degree angle. Also referred to as a "L" shape. This is a classic western line design.
Three-sided design having the form of a triangle with all three sides being unequal in length.
The mirror image in line, form, space, color, and texture on opposite sides of the plane, axis, or point of radiation; often refereed to as a formal balance.
The honored, familiar, and generally accepted style of design.
Compact, pillow-like design with European
A dainty, compact, round bouquet of mixed fragrant flowers and herbs in a random pattern or placed in concentric circles. The style is associated to the Victorian Era, and the name is derived from an old English term for nosegay-meaning a small cluster of flowers wrapped in moss.
A design where one or more parts are placed underwater, usually in a round-sided glass container.
Designs that are based on nature and capture the essence of a natural landscape scene. The design does not seem contrived or artificial, but represents a slice of nature. The proper scale is vital for these designs. Material follows the growth line of the plant, reaching upward toward the sun. Arrangements are three-dimensional, simplicity in line is important. Employs the use of minimalism. Excess leaves, shoots, etc. are removed to achieve a more powerful effect. Cut flowers and accessory materials are placed as in nature. Giving the illusion of captured growth in containers: are considered a key element of design.
This geometric style is a tall narrow design composition that does not extend beyond the width of the container. The predominant lines are elongated and perpendicular to the plan of the horizon or the surface upon which the arrangement is placed. The vertical design typically extends just barely, or not at all beyond the width of the container.
A three dimensional composition consisting of a clearly defined geometric form which is wholly or partially filled or covered with plant or other materials. The addition of accessory materials must not violate the integrity of the geometric form; e.g., cone, funnel, pyramid, obelisk, sphere, etc.
A cascading design similar to a waterfall. Many layers of different materials, typically sheer, and delicate textures creating and emphasizing depth and creating a flowing effect. Descending lines may be intentionally crossed. Non-floral and or reflective elements are often incorporated. The mechanics may be foam based or hand tied.
General term for symmetrical, asymmetrical, L-shaped horizontal, vertical, crescent, and pointed oval arrangements. These arrangements are characterized by an established focal area near the base of the container. All stems appear to radiate from this base. The height must be at least one and one half to two times the height or width of the container, whichever is greater. Western Line is derived from the line of Ikebana and traditional massed designs of Europe.
A symmetrical, massed, and patterned style of floral design includes fresh greenery, fruits, cones, berries, magnolia leaves, and pineapples are especially characteristic materials of this historic Virginia design style.
A new American design style placing the flowers, foliages, products in a spiraling twisting movement, all going the same direction as the wind blowing in this direction moves it in this way around a central area. It resembles the grasses after a small animal has walked away after sleeping. The movement of a tornado wind.
Wreath Design Style
Materials arranged in the shape of a circle, the symbol of eternity - on top of a container and secured into the design as a creative element.
Narrow curved shape that tapers at each end; resembles a quarter moon; well emphasized focal point in the center.
Having six equal square sides.
Tubular shape with straight sides, both ends round with the same diameter.
A design pattern in which the primary axis lines on a slant of approximately 45 degrees; three-sided.
Semi-circular shape in which all lines emerge from a central point at the base.
Eloquent elongated "S" shape, composed of two crescent shapes.
Predominant lines are parallel to the plane of the horizon or surface base.
A design shaped like an upside down 'T'; symmetrically balanced.
An arrangement shape that resembles half a globe.
A tapering, four sided shaft of stone, masonry, or other material having a pyramidal apex.
Broadly elliptical, egg-shape.
A solid figure having a square base and four triangular sided meeting at a point.
Three dimensional round, a globe, orb, or ball; symmetrically balanced radial composition.
Four sided parallelogram consisting of equal sided and right angles.
Triangle, Asymmetrical or Scalene
Triangle shaped design; can be an "L" shape, right angle or scalene triangle.
A plan figure with three sides and three angles.
A triangle from where two sides are of equal length and the third side is a different length, with symmetrical balance.
Triangle, Right Angle
Characterized by the intersection of two perpendicular lines forming a 90 degree angle .
The mirror image of form, a planned composition of parts which expresses equilibrium. Equilateral or isosceles triangle.
Students also viewed
floral design 2
Floral Design Test #4 Review
Floral Design Basics - Techniques (ICEV)
Sets found in the same folder
Floral Design Certification Test Review
Chapter 10 Vocabulary (Floral Design)
Other sets by this creator
Principles, Secondary Principles, and Elements of…
Study Guide Questions
Correcting Run-ons. Rewrite each of the following run-ons, using any of the three methods described In this section. Use each method at least three times. My father watches football, basketball, and baseball on $TV$ my mother prefers to watch comedies, concerts, and documentaries.
In the line "that catches a kite," explain how the poet's verb choice helps to clarify the pronoun's antecedent. What other possible antecedent does the verb exclude?
history of the americas
How did the changing economy under Carter affect unemployment?
The following sentence may contain errors in pronoun usage. Cross out each incorrect pronoun form and write the correct form in the space above it. If a sentence is already correct, write *C* before the item number. Thanks to ourselves, the publicity for the drama festival had great results.
Recommended textbook solutions
Tonal Harmony, Workbook
Byron Almen, Dorothy Payne, Stefan Kostka
Ways of the World: A Global History
Robert W. Strayer
John Lund, Paul S. Vickery, P. Scott Corbett, Todd Pfannestiel, Volker Janssen
Western Heritage Since 1300, AP Edition
Donald Kagan, Frank M. Turner, Steven Ozment
Other Quizlet sets
History vs Napoleon Bonaparte
Allie Religion Chapter 2- The Blessed Trinity
WW1 Powerpoint Questions
Art 112 Midterm 3 w/ Photos Adan Pt. 3