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61 terms

Speech and Debate Terms

All the terms you need to know for public speaking or debate
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Abstract words
words that name things, such as ideas and beliefs, that cannot be perceived by the senses.
Analogy
a form of reasoning by comparison.
Anecdote
a brief, often amusing story.
Brainstorming
quickly listing possibilities about a topic without stopping to evaluate each one.
Chronological order
a pattern for arranging details or events according to the order in which they happen in time.
Citation
a statement giving credit to the source of quoted material.
Clarity
the clearness of expression
Clash
a conflict; opposition, especially of views or interests
Cliché
a figurative expression that has been used so often that it has lost its power
Communication
the process of sharing information by using symbols to send and receive messages
Comparison
a statement that shows the similarities between people, places, things, events, or ideas.
Conclusion
the final portion of a speech
Concrete words
words that name things that can be perceived by one or more of the five senses
Connotation
the hidden meaning of a word; the feelings and associations that a words evokes
Context
the surrounding words and sentences
Conviction
the act of being convincing
Credibility
the amount of trust and belief the speaker inspires in an audience; the quality of being believable
Denotation
the dictionary meaning of a word
Dialect
a regional of cultural variety of language differing from standard American English in pronunciation, grammar, or word choice
Diction
the words a speaker selects and the specific ways in which the speaker uses these words
Emotional appeals
statements used to arouse emotional reactions
Emphasis
the force or special attention given to a particular word or point
Enunciation
the distinctness of the sound a speaker makes
Evidence
material that establishes the soundness of a reason
Example
a single instance that supports or develops a statement
Fact
an item of information or a statement that can be proved, or verified, by testing, by observing or by consulting reference materials
Focal point
a central point of attention or interest
Gesture
a movement or position of the hand, arm, body, head, or face that is expressive of an idea, opinion, emotion, etc
Impromptu
a speech given on the spur of the moment with no preparation
Inflection
the upward or downward glide of pitch as a person speaks
Informative Speech
a speech that provides information to an audience
Interpretation
the process of explaining the information that has been selected and organized
Introduction
the beginning of a speech the presentation of one person to another or to a group
Jargon
language that is used by people within a particular group or field, but is not necessarily understood by those outside the group
Monotone
a melody pattern that consists of only one tone
Nonverbal
communication without words
Opinion
a personal belief or attitude
Oral Interpretation
the presentation of a work of literature to a group of listeners in order to express the meaning contained in the literary work
Outline
the essential features or main aspects of something under discussion
Persuasive Speech
a speech that established a fact, changes a belief, or moves an audience to act on a policy
Pitch
the highness or lowness of a sound
Plagiarism
the presentation of another person's work or ideas as if they were the speakers own
Poetry
compressed highly charged language that appeals to emotions and the imagination, usually arranged in lines with a regular rhythm and often with a definite rhyme scheme
Preview
anything that gives an advance idea or impression of something to come
Projection
speaking loudly
Pronunciation
the combining of precisely articulated speech sounds in two distinct words
Prose
the normal form of written or spoken language; any type of speech or writing that is not poetry
Rate
The speed at which a person talks or reads a section aloud
Restatement
the repetition of an idea using different words
Rhetoric
the art or science of all specialized literary uses of language in prose or verse, including the figures of speech
Signpost
something that serves as a clue or indication; sign
Slang
highly informed language that is formed by creating new words or giving common words new meanings
Standard American English
language that follows the rules and guidelines found in grammar and composition books
Statistics
Numerical facts
Stereotype
a biased belief about a whole group of people based on insufficient or irrelevant evidence
Supporting Details
the examples facts, statistics, reasons, anecdotes or expert testimony that a speaker used to back up main ideas
Thesis
a complete sentence that expressed the speaker's most important idea, or key point, about a topic
Tone
the speaker's attitude or feeling toward a subject and an audience
Topical Order
a pattern of organization in which a topic is broken down into parts that are then arranged in an order determined by the speaker
Transitions
bridges between ideas
Universal Appeal
relevance, or relationship, to the experience of all human beings