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Who were the 1st to establish a trading empire in West Africa?

the Berbers

Where did the Berbers come from?

North Africa

What led the Berbers to North Africa?


What kept the Berbers from really establishing a large empire?

Sahara Desert

Who seized control from the Berbers in 780 and began the Ghana Empire?


What does Ghana actually mean in the Mande language?

"king of gold"

Where was the Ghana Empire located?

southeastern Maurtania

What was Ghana's capital? Where was the capital located?

Koumbi, it was located along the Niger River

What was Ghana's economy based on?

gold and salt trade

What name was given to the trading of the two goods?

dumb barter or silent trade

For what other trade items was Ghana known?

humans, copper, ivory, and spices

What religion came to West Africa?


How did the king of the Ghana Empire deal with the different cultures and religions that came to West Africa?

The king was tolerant but did not follow the relgion

Who founded the Mali Empire?


Where was the Mali Empire located?

from the Atlantic Ocean to eastern Mali, Along Niger River

What was Mali's capital city?


What religion did the people of Mali practice?


What were the two pillars of Mali's economy?

Agriculture and Trade

How was Mali able to imrove its economy?

controlling salt, gold, and copper mines in West Africa

What did the Niger River become during the Mali Empire?

a super highway for trade`

What did Mansa Musas hajj do for the Mali Empire?

Mansa Musa's hajj put Mali on the map and bringing back scholars

What led to the Mali Empire's to fall?

The rulers were unable to protect Mali

What year did the Mali Empire fall?


What does Mansa Musa mean?

King Moses

Who conquered the Mali Empire?


When and how did the Songhai Empire begin?

When Mansa Musa died in 1332 the people of the Songhai region refused to pay tribute.

Who was the founder and 1st king of the Songhai Empire?

Sunni Ali

What religion was Sunni Ali?

Muslim ( but not very devoted)

What caused the bridf civil war in the Songhai Empire in 1490s?

Sunni Ali son was so intolerant of Muslims that they overthrew him. They replaced him with Askia Muhammad

After the rebellion what became the dominant religion?


Describe the Songhai Empire in the late 1500s?

The Songhai Empire was larger and wealthier than ever. It was the center of trade and learning. It stretched from the Atlantic to Nigeria and Niger.

What made the Songhai Empire grow weaker after the death of Askia uhammad?

The rulers who succeeded Askia established a small but strong Islamic group. Many stated didn't live it and broke away.

Who conquered and destroyed the Songhai Empire?

Muslim Spaniard Judar Pasha

What caused them to go and conquer the Songhai Empire?

Moroccan king wanted control of mines

What enabled te Songhai Empire be easily defeated?

The Songhai had bows and arrows where Moroccans had guns

What happened to West Africa once the Songhai Empire had fallen?

The Songhai still ruled but in fewer contries then before. Also the people still payed taxes, provided labor, and served in the milatary. It broke into a series of milatary camps governed by European nations in search of West African wealth.

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