Speech and Debate Study Guide

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Terms in this set (...)

Abstract Words
Words that name things such as ideas and beliefs that cannot be perceived by the senses
Analogy
A form of reasoning by comparison
Anecdote
A brief, often amusing form of writing
Brainstorming
Quickly listing possibilities about a topic without stopping to evaluate each one
Chronological Order
A pattern for arranging details or events according to the order in which they happen in time
Citation
A statement giving credit to the source of quoted material
Clarity
The clearness of expression
Clash
To come into conflict, be in opposition
Cliche
A figurative expression that has been used so often that it has lost its power
Communication
The process of sharing information by using symbols to send and receive messages
Comparison
A statement that shows the similarities between people, places, things, events, or ideas
Conclusion
The final portion of a speech
Concrete Words
Words that name things that can be perceived by one or more of the five senses
Connotation
The hidden meaning of a word; the feelings and associations that a word evokes
Context
The set of facts or circumstances that surround a situation or event
Conviction
The act or process of convincing
Credibility
The amount of trust and belief the speaker inspires in an audience; the quality of being believable
Denotation
The dictionary meaning of a word
Dialect
A regional or cultural variety of language differing from standard American English in pronunciation, grammar, or word choice
Diction
The words a speaker selects and the specific ways in which the speaker uses these words
Emotional Appeal
Statements used to arouse emotional reactions
Emphasis
The force or special attention given to a particular word of point
Enunciation
The distinctness of the sounds a speaker makes
Evidence
Material that establishes the soundness of a reason
Example
A single instance that supports or develops a statement
Fact
An item of information or a statement that can be proved, or verified, by testing, buy observing, or by consulting references
Focal Point
A central point of attention or interest
Gesture
A motion made to emphasize an idea
Impromptu
A speech given on the spur of the moment with no preparation
Inflection
The upward or downward glide of pitch as a person speaks
Information Speech
A speech that provides information to an audience
Interpretation
The process of explaining the information that has been selected and organized
Introduction
The beginning of a speech; the presentation of one person to another or to a group
Jargon
Language that is used by people within a particular group or field, but is not necessarily understood buy those outside the group
Monotone
A melody pattern that consists of only one tone
Nonverbal
No involving or using words or speech
Opinion
A personal belief or attitude
Oral Interpretation
The presentation of a work of literature to a group of listeners in order to express the meaning contained in the literary work
Outline
A general description covering the main points of a subject
Persuasive Speech
A speech that establishes a fact, changes a belief, or moves an audience to act on a policy
Pitch
The highness or lowness of a sound
Plagiarism
the presentation of another person's words or ideas as if they were the speaker's own
Poetry
Compresses, highly charges language that appeals to emotions and the imagination, usually arranged in lines with a regular rhythm and often with a definite rhyme scheme
Preview
An advance or preliminary view or sight
Projection
The strength of speaking or singing whereby the voice is used loudly and clearly
Pronunciation
The combining of precisely articulated speech sounds into distinct words
Prose
The normal form of written or spoken language; any type of speech or writing that is not poetry
Rate
The speed at which a person talks or reads a selection aloud
Restatement
The repetition of an idea using different words
Rhetoric
The art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing, esp. the use of figures of speech and other compositional techniques
Signpost
The phrases that you use in a speech to guide the reader through your argument
Slang
Highly informal language that is formed by creating new words or giving common words new meanings
Standard American English
Language that follows the rules and guidelines found in grammar and composition books
Statistics
Numerical Facts
Stereotype
A biased belief about a whole group of people based on insufficient or irrelevant evidence
Support
Examples, facts, statistics, reasons, anecdotes, or expert testimony that a speaker uses to back up his main ideas
Thesis
A complete sentence that expresses the speaker's most important idea, or key point, about a topic
Tone
The speaker's attitude or feeling toward a subject and an audience
Topical Order
A pattern of organization in which a topic is broken down into parts that are then arranged in an order determined by the speaker
Transitions
Bridges between ideas
Universal Appeal
Relevance or relationship to the experience of all human beings