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History Chapter 1
Terms in this set (55)
Wrote about the adventures of a famous explorer with whom I shared a prison cell?
Enabled sailors to know in which direction they were heading?
Enabled them to determine their ship's latitude on ocean
Portuguese ship with 2 or 3 triangular sails, making it extremely maneuverable?
Economic system during the age of exploration & colonization whereby colonies were exploited for the benefits & wealth they could bring o the mother country?
Who was the first to round the southern cape of Africa?
A cargo of spices worth sixty times the cost of my expeditions was my expedition was my reward for sailing to India?
Vasco de Gama
Who thought he could sail three thousand miles west to reach China, but my calculations were faulty & discovered the New World?
A German mapmaker named the New World after me instead of after Columbus?
I, Giovanni, reached Newfoundland while in search of China. To the English, I was known by a different name.
I set sail from Spain with three hundred men & five ships. Three years later, one of my ships arrived home with only eighteen original crew members left?
Who stood against the corruptions of the Roman Church's penances?
The movement that
sparked theological battles?
Geneva's most influential teacher?
A land bridge that connected Russia & Alaska & that people walked over it?
These Indians lived in small villages made up of 2 or 3 family groups, lived in caves or under ledges & developed cities. Men would move into their wife's house. They grew corn, beans, & squash & occasionally moved for water?
A combination of explorer & soldier of fortune?
Built large burial mounds & developed an extensive continental wide trading network?
I disobeyed the governor of Cuba & conquered the richest Indian tribe in Mexico?
I told of my adventures in China & of a land called Cipango, which was reportedly paved with gold?
In my ship, the Golden Hind, I fought the Catholic threat on the high seas with my cousin Sir John Hawkins?
Sir Francis Drake
In a Spanish attempt to settle what would later be the southeastern United States, I was the first to explore the Florida peninsula in 1513?
Juan Ponce de Leon
I searched for the seven cities of Cibola & found the Grand Canyon?
Francisco de Coronodo
I financed 2 attempts to colonize the New World in an area that I called Virginia?
I landed at Tampa Bay, traveled to North Carolina, & eventually discovered at the Mississippi River?
Hernando de Soto
I went to England for supplies, but when I returned to America, I found the town of Raleigh empty?
Eastern Woodlands Indians
The first Indians the settlers encountered. Settled near Mississippi, Ohio & Tennessee rivers. The women had political power.
The Cherokees, Chickasaws, Choctaws, Creeks & Seminoles were known as?
Five Civilized Tribes
Menéndez named after the Saint's Day (August 20)
Spain's catholic king who was bent on crushing the Protestant menace in Western Europe. Had the largest & best equipped army?
Drake & his cousin were the most famous pair in a class of Mariners under what queen?
Queen Elizabeth I
The most famous pair of Mariners - Drake & Hawkins called themselves the?
130 ships & 30,000 men
Located in the sound of North Carolina's Outer Banks?
The settlers who were missing were called?
The lost colony
New York was discovered & claimed by what man sailing the ship Half Moon?
Hudson's area he found was named?
New Netherlands & then New Amsterdam
The most famous governor of New Netherland was one-legged firebrand ?
The name given to a small colony along the Delaware River in parts of what today is Delaware, NJ & PA? Focal point?
New Sweden/ for Christina
The former director of New Netherland & 1st governor of New Sweden
What European nation first dominated the exploration of the New World?
What great Indian empire formerly ruled Mexico?
Which colonial power furthered its control over North America by promising Dutch colonists preservation of life, liberty, & property in return for their surrender?
Why did many European states practice mercantilism?
They thought it was the only way to gain power & wealth
Three similarities among the American Indian groups?
Community, agriculture & religion
How do people of mercantilism differ from the free market system?
Mercantilism was a set pie & in the free market more could be made & expanded
In what 3 ways did the English settlements in the New World differ from those of the French & the Spanish?
France & Spain- Protestants & explorers. England-lived in land & catholic
Vasco de Gama?
Ponce de Leon?
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