At the time, Europe was divided into many small kingdoms and its outlook was very provincial. Substitence agriculture predominated, commerce was limited, and the Roman Catholic Church had spiritual authority. However, 2 changes emerged resulting in colonization. The first being the rise in commerce. Population grew quickly and land value, prosperity, and trade increased with it. The second change was the rise of nationalism. This new government made the nation more powerful, unified, and imposed new taxes. Also, Muslims began seizing control of routes to Eastern Asia, which led to Europeans to look for a safer and faster route. The Natives were disbursed over the continent. Their society was based on what the land around them produced, which they saw as land for everyone's use, but not to own. They were a matrilineal society and women hand important roles in religion (which they associated with the natural world). They divided tasks between gender as many other societies did. They had elaborate social systems, and civilizations emerges in South, Central, and what is now MExico. The Incas created largest empire in America with a large network of paved roads. The Myans developed a written language, a calendar, a numerical system, and trade routes. In the North, empires were not as big, but they still existed on hunting, fishing, and gathering. Eskimos hunted seal, The Great Plains tribes fished salmon, and Woodlands had the greatest resource of food. To the Europeans they gave their knowledge on how to produce crops like corn, which saved them from starvation. The colonists still continued to see natives as savages since they didnt have a written language (exception: Mayan), they had more sexual freedom,and they were not Christians HARVARD: established by Gen. Court at the request of puritan theologians to create training center for ministers.
WILLIAM&MARY COLLEGE: established by Anglicans to train clergymen
YALE: founded by congressionalists who were dissatisfied with what they considered growing religions of liberalism of Harvard.
COLLEGE OF NJ (PRINCETON): founded out of Great Awakening.
KINGS COLLEGE (COLUMBIA): devoted to spread secular knowledge.
UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA: completley secular, inspiration of Ben Frankiln, had course in mechanics, chemistry, agriculture, government, commece, modern language, and 1st American med school
Subjects Studied= theology, logic, geometry, ethics, physics, astronomy, rhetorics, latin, hebrew, and greek.
Alan Brinkley, Albert S. Broussard, Donald A. Ritchie, James M. McPherson, Joyce Appleby Alan Taylor, Emma J. Lapsansky-Werner, Michael Roberts, Peter B. Levy Gerald A. Danzer, J. Jorge Klor de Alva, Larry S. Krieger, Louis E. Wilson, Nancy Woloch Alan Brinkley, Albert S. Broussard, Donald A. Ritchie, James M. McPherson, Joyce Appleby