24 terms

Ch 11.2 American Power Tips the Balance

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II. AMERICAN POWER TIPS THE BALANCE!
II. AMERICAN POWER TIPS THE BALANCE!
OBJECTIVE: Discuss and explain how Americans prepared to fight and how they helped the Allies win.
OBJECTIVE: Discuss and explain how Americans prepared to fight and how they helped the Allies win.
AMERICA MOBILIZES!
How did the US prepare for war?
AMERICA MOBILIZES!
How did the US prepare for war?
200,000
The United States first needed to build up its armed forces. When war was declared, only about ???,??? men were in service.
the Selective Service Act
To solve the problem of troop numbers, Congress passed THIS. It required men to register with the government so that some of them could be selected for military service.
3
The process of the Selective Service Act put about ? million men in uniform.
the French Croix de Guerre
Soldiers of the 369th (15th N.Y.) who won the Croix de Guerre for gallantry in action, 1919. Left to right. Front row: Pvt. Ed Williams, Herbert Taylor, ...
Many African Americans served in the military. They were placed in separate units, but some blacks were trained as officers. Blacks were among the first to receive THIS honor.
Navy
Women were not drafted. The army would not let them join. But THIS branch of the military accepted women in noncombat positions. Woman served as nurses, secretaries, and telephone operators.
prefabrication
The US built ships to transport men and supplies to Europe. Shipyard workers were exempted from the draft and the importance of their work was publicized. THESE techniques were used to speed the production of ships.
AMERICA TURNS THE TIDE!
How did the United States help?
AMERICA TURNS THE TIDE!
How did the United States help?
convoy system
To reduce the loss of ships to German submarine attacks, the United States and Britain began to use THIS. In this way, merchant ships traveled in a large group guarded by naval vessels.
Russia
The Russian Revolution of 1917 involved the collapse of an empire under Tsar Nicholas II and the rise of Marxian socialism under Lenin and his Bolsheviks. It sparked the beginning of a new era in Russia that had effects on countries around the world.
American soldiers helped turn the tide of battle in Europe. The Allies had absorbed many casualties and were running out of men. Thousands of fresh soldiers were eager for battle. THIS country pulled out of the war in March of 1917.
FIGHTING "OVER THERE"
What new weapons were used?
FIGHTING "OVER THERE"
What new weapons were used?
John J. Pershing
HE led the American Expeditionary Force.
doughboys
American infantry men were called THIS because of white belts they wore and cleaned with pipe clay, or "dough."
tank - airplane
New weapons played a decisive role in the war. THESE were the two most innovative weapons.
Eddie Rickenbocker
Air warfare developed rapidly during the war. Pilots went from shooting at each other with pistols to using mounted machine guns. HE was an American ace pilot. He fought in 34 air battles and shot down 26 enemy planes.
THE WAR INTRODUCES NEW HAZARDS!
What made World One harder for soldiers?
THE WAR INTRODUCES NEW HAZARDS!
What made World One harder for soldiers?
mustard gas
New weapons and tactics made WWI very destructive. Soldiers faced miserable conditions, including filth, trench foot, trench mouth, "shell shock" from constant bombardment, vermin, THIS poison gas, and disease.
AMERICAN TROOPS GO ON THE OFFENSIVE!
How did American troops help end the war?
AMERICAN TROOPS GO ON THE OFFENSIVE!
How did American troops help end the war?
Alvin York
American soldiers arrived in Europe just in time to stop a German advance on Paris. THIS soldier from Tennessee became a war hero for his actions in battle.
conscientious objector
At the star, Alvin York had been known as THIS (a person who opposes war on moral grounds), but he then agreed to fight. For his actions in battle he was promoted to sergeant and became a celebrity when he returned to the US.
armistice 11/11/11/1918
Germany, exhausted from the war, finally agreed to THIS on November 11, 1918.
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The war had taken a bloody toll, killing more than ?? million and causing untold suffering.