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36 terms

Euro finals- unit 2 : Renaissance

STUDY
PLAY
Renaissance
time of cultural rebirth
patronage
wealthy families who supported artist
Italy
Why________?
middle of trading route in Mediterranean, Greek or non Greek scholars fled from Constntinople and brought their knowledge
Humanism
main theme of Renaissance, virtue, knowledge, classical, individualism; scholarship + moral
Frencesco Petrarch
father of Renaissance; copied the ancient manuscript of Cicero(Roman moralist), led to people to start translating classical works
Art
characteristics of ______
very realistic, sculptors believed that the stone had soul, ancient Greek&Rome style + Religious theme
popular theme
-annunciation(dove represent Holy spirit)
-portrait: individualism
-Saints
-history
-myth
Sfumato
new technique in art; usage of smokey effect
Chiaroscuro
new technique of art; usage of light and dark effect
Perspective
new technique of art; usage of dept
Giotto
-used angles, perspective
-first painter of Renaissance
-St. Francis, Arena Chapel
-Gothic→Renaissance
Titian
-famous of Fresco
-Sacred and profane love
Massacio
-father of perspective
-Trinitia
Leonardo da Vinci
-Last supper, Annunciation(very poplular theme)
-epitome of Renaissance men
Ghirlandaio
-Birth of St Johns
Mantegna
-used trick of eyes
-foreshortening
"Gift of Magi".
-globalistic character
Michelangelo
-Sistine Chapel, Last Judgement, Creation of Adam, David
Botticelli
-Birth of spring, Birth of Venus
-lots of his work burnt by Savonarola
Raphael
-School of Athens
-very humanistic
-contain lots of ancient philosophers and painters of his time
-very secular and religious
Carrvaggio.
-master of chiaroscuro
-The last supper
-Narssissa
Architect/scuptor
...
Donatello
-Orsanmichelle, St George
-free standing sculpture
David
Donatello, Veerocchio, Michelangelo, Bernini
Bruelleschi
-Duomo
-first modern fome
Giotto
-Campanile
Ghiberti
-Gate of paradise
Della Robia family
-known for ceramic
Michelangelo
-Pieta, Moses, Julius II tomb, St Peter's dome
-Pietro Serena; soul of rock
Bernini
-altar panel at Cathedral of St Peter
Florence
city of banking, Medici family, Renaissance culture
Venice
city of shipping, trading, leading maritime power
Naples
city that is very independent, farthest South, Mediterranean influence
Milan
city that is war-like, Sforza family, attacked often by HRE and others
Papa state
city ruled by pope, Rome, direct control of church
Peace of Lodi
peace signed by Italian sates to protect themselves from Turk and French