33 terms

CH 10.2 The Spanish- American War

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II. THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR!
II. THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR!
OBJECTIVE: Discuss and explain how the United States became involved in Cuba and fought a war with Spain.
OBJECTIVE: Discuss and explain how the United States became involved in Cuba and fought a war with Spain.
CUBANS REBEL AGAINST SPAIN!
WHAT HAPPENED WHEN CUBA REBELLED AGAINST SPAIN?
CUBANS REBEL AGAINST SPAIN!
WHAT HAPPENED WHEN CUBA REBELLED AGAINST SPAIN?
slavery
Between 1868 and 1878, Cubans fought their first war for independence from Spain. The rebels did not win, but they did force Spain to abolish THIS in 1886.
sugar cane plantations
After that, United States capitalists invested heavily into THESE in Cuba.
tariff
Sugar was the most important product of Cuba. The United States was the main market for the sugar. As long as the U.S. did not charge THIS on sugar, the Cuban economy thrived.
Instead, the Cuban economy collapsed in 1894 when THISf on sugar was imposed
Jose Marti
In 1895, Cubans began a second war for independence. THIS Cuban poet and journalist who had been living in exile in New York led the rebellion. The rebels wanted the U.S. to join their cause.
Spain
American opinion was mixed. Some wanted to support THEM in order to keep their investments safe.
England
Others wanted to help the Cuban people win their freedom from Spain just as the United States had won its independence from THIS country.
WAR FEVER ESCALATES!
Why did Americans become angry with Spain?
WAR FEVER ESCALATES!
Why did Americans become angry with Spain?
Valeriano Weyler
In 1896, Spain sent an army to Cuba to restore order. The army was led by THIS General.
concentration camps
Weyler rounded up the entire rural population of central and western Cuba. He kept 300,000 people as prisoners in THESE. That way they could not help the rebels. Many of them died of starvation and disease.
yellow journalism
This story was widely reported in the United States. Rival newspapers in New York made the terrible events seem even worse. They exaggerated the brutality of the in order to attract readers. These sensational stories became known as THIS - reporting that exaggerates the news in order to make it more exciting.
William McKinley
HE became president in 1897. At that time, many Americans wanted the U.S. to help the rebels against Spain.
limited self-government
McKinley tried to find a peaceful solution to the crisis. His efforts had several positive effects. Spain sent General Weyler home, changed the concentration camp policy, and gave Cuba THIS.
the de Lome letter
Then two events made American angry with Spain. The first was the publication of THIS letter which insulted president McKinley calling him "weak and catering to the rebels rabble".
U.S.S. Maine
Only a few days after the de Lome letter was published, something worse happened. THIS U.S. battleship was stationed in Cuba to protect American lives and property.
Spain
On February 15, 1898, the ship explode. The ship sank, and 260 officers and crew on board died. The cause of the explosion was not known. However, Americans blamed THEM. Americans cried for war!
WAR WITH SPAIN ERUPTS!
Where and when did fighting take place?
WAR WITH SPAIN ERUPTS!
Where and when did fighting take place?
the Philippines
On April 20, 1898, the United States went to war with Spain. The first battle took place HERE. They had been a Spanish colony for 300 years. They had rebelled many times. In 1896, they began another rebellion.
George Dewey
On May 1, 1898, THIS American naval commander sailed into Manila Bay in the Philippines.
Filipino
Dewy's ships destroyed the Spanish fleet at Manila Bay. In the next two months, U.S. soldiers fought on the side of THESE rebels. The Spanish surrendered to the United States in August.
1898
In Cuba, the American navy blocked the off the harbor of Santiago de Cuba. Spanish ships could not leave. Then American troops landed on the island in June of THIS year.
the Rough Riders
One unit of volunteer soldiers was called THIS.
Teddy Roosevelt
He was one of the leaders of the Rough Riders.
San Juan Hill
The Rough Riders helped win THIS important battle. American newspapers made Roosevelt a hero.
July 25, 1898
When the Spanish ships tried to leave the harbor, their fleet was destroyed. This led the Spanish to surrender on July ??. 1898.
the Treaty of Paris
Spain quickly agreed to THIS peace treaty that granted Cuba its independence.
Guam
and Puerto Rico
Spain gave THESE two islands to the United States.
$20 million
The United States paid Spain $?? million for the annexation of the Philippine Islands.
imperialism
The Treaty of Paris touched off a great debate in the United States about THIS practice.
the spirit of the Declaration of Independence
President McKinley was in favor of imperialism, but some Americans said annexing territories violated THIS by denying self-government to the new territories.
Booker T.Washington
and
Samuel Gompers
THIS prominent African-American leader and THIS prominent union leader both opposed the treaty. The Senate approved the treaty none the less on February 6, 1899.

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