process by which plants and some other organisms use light energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates such as sugars and starches
dry coloring matter (especially an insoluble powder to be mixed with a liquid to produce paint etc)
any of a class of highly unsaturated yellow to red pigments occurring in plants and animals
A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to convert light energy into chemical energy.
Electron Transport Chain
A sequence of electron carrier molecules (membrane proteins) that shuttle electrons during the redox reactions that release energy used to make ATP.
reactions of photosynthesis in which energy from ATP and NADPH is used to build high-energy compounds such as sugars
a metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars through a series of reactions to either pyruvic acid or lactic acid and release energy for the body in the form of ATP
unit of heat defined as the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree centigrade at atmospheric pressure
the metabolic processes whereby certain organisms obtain energy from organic moelcules
one of the carrier molecules that transfers high-energy electrons from chlorophyll to other molecules
large protein that uses energy from H+ ions to bind ADP and a phosphate group together to produce ATP