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Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
process by which plants and some other organisms use light energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates such as sugars and starches
organisms that make their own food
dry coloring matter (especially an insoluble powder to be mixed with a liquid to produce paint etc)
any of a group of green pigments found in photosynthetic organisms
any of a class of highly unsaturated yellow to red pigments occurring in plants and animals
A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to convert light energy into chemical energy.
Electron Transport Chain
A sequence of electron carrier molecules (membrane proteins) that shuttle electrons during the redox reactions that release energy used to make ATP.
electron carrier that provides high-energy electrons for photosynthesis
Carbon Dioxide Fixation
The transfer of carbon dioxide to organic compounds
reactions of photosynthesis in which energy from ATP and NADPH is used to build high-energy compounds such as sugars
depending on free oxygen or air
living or active in the absence of free oxygen
a metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars through a series of reactions to either pyruvic acid or lactic acid and release energy for the body in the form of ATP
electron carrier that stores energy used to make ATP
a chemical phenomenon in which an organic molecule splits into simpler substances
unit of heat defined as the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree centigrade at atmospheric pressure
the metabolic processes whereby certain organisms obtain energy from organic moelcules
one of the carrier molecules that transfers high-energy electrons from chlorophyll to other molecules
large protein that uses energy from H+ ions to bind ADP and a phosphate group together to produce ATP
light-collecting units of the chloroplast
the supporting tissue of an organ (as opposed to parenchyma)
a nucleotide derived from adenosine that occurs in muscle tissue
an ester of adenosine that is converted to ATP for energy storage
electron carrier involved in glycolysis