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20 terms

Chapter 6 Final

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Figure-Ground
organization of visual field into objects that stand out from surroundings
Proximity
group nearby figures together
Similarity
group similar figures together
Closure
fill in gaps to create a whole object
Continuity
perceive smooth, continuous patterns
Depth Perception
ability to see in objects in 3 dimensions; judge distance
Binocular Cues
depth cues that depend on the use of 2 eyes
Monocular Cues
depth cues available to either eye alone
Retinal Disparity
binocular cue for perceiving depth; greatest diff b/w 2 images
Convergence
simultaneous inward movement of both eyes toward each other, usually in an effort to maintain single binocular vision when viewing an object
ESP
extrasensory perception; the controversial claim that perception can occur apart from sensory input
Psychokinesis
mind over matter, for example levitating a table
Telepathy
mind to mind communication
Clairvoyance
perceiving remote events
Precognition
perceiving the future
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors receive info from our environment
perception
the process of interpreting info received from our environment
absolute threshold
minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulus 50% of the time
difference threshold
minimum diff. b/w 2 stimuli required for detection 50% of the time
sensory adaptation
diminished sensitivity as a consequence of constant stimulation