77 terms

Social Studies Exam

annapolis convention
a national conference that wanted to change the articles of confederation but poor attendence called for a reschedule
an official approval (p. 154)
bill of rights
the first 10 amendments to the constitution ratified in 1791 (p. 173)
people who supported ratification of the Consitution (p. 170)
official change, correction, or addition to a law or constitution (p. 173)
george mason
american patiot who became an antifederalist and refused to sign the constitution (p.170)
federalist papers
a series of essays that defended and explained the Consitution and tried to reassure americans that the states would not be overpowered by the proposed national government (p. 171)
great comprimise
an agreement worked ot at the constitutional convention establishing that a state's population would determine represenation in the lower house of the legislature, while each states would have equal representation in the upper house of the legislature
three fiths comprimise
an agreement worked out at the constitutional convention stating that only three fiths of the slaves ina state would count when determining a sates's population for representation in the lower house of congress (p. 166)
northwest odinance of 1787
legislation passed by congress to establish a political structure for the nortwest territory and creat a system for the admission of new states (p. 155)
land ordinance of 1785
legislation passed by congress authorizing surveys and the division of public lands in the western region of the country (p. 155)
U.S. system of government in which power is distributed between a central government and individual states
legislative branch
the division of the government that proposes bills and passes them into laws (p. 1670
people who opposed ratification of the Constitution (p. 170)
constitutional convention
a meeting held in philadelphia at which delegates from the states wrote the consitution (p. 164)
popular soverignty
the idea that political authority belongs to the people (p. 167)
virginia plan
the plan for government proposed at the constitutional convention in which the national government would have supreme power and a legislative branch would have to houses with representation determined by state population (p. 164)
daniel shays
revolutionary war officer who led shays's rebellion, an uprising of farmers in western massachusetts that shurt sown the courts so that farmers would not lose their farms for tax debts. he was defeated and condemnded to death, but pardoned. (p. 161)
magna carta
a charter of liberties agreed to by kng john of england, it made the king obey the same laws as citizens (p. 152)
alexander hamilton
american statesman and member of the continental congress and the constitutional convention, he was an author of the federalist papers. he was the first secretary fo treasury under george washington and developed the bank of the united states (p. 238)
reserved powers
powers kept by the states
checks and balances
a system established by the Constitution that prevents any branch of government from becoming too powerful (p. 167)
executive branch
the division of the federal government that includes the president and the administrative departments; enforces the nation's laws
voting rights (p. 153)
new jersey plan
a proposal to create a unicameral legislature with equal representation of states rather than representation by population; rejected at the constitutional convention (p. 165)
north west territory
lands including present-day illinois, indiana, michigan ohio, and wisconsin; organized by the northwest oridinance of 1787 (p. 155)
a tax on imports or exports (p. 159)
marbury vs. madison
U.S. surpeme court case that established the principle of judicial review (p. 270)
15th amendment
gave african american men the right to vote
18th amendment
prohbition of alcohol
articles of confederation
the document that created the first central government for the u.s.; it was replaced by the constitution in 1789 (p. 154)
intolerable acts
laws passed by parliament to punish the colonists for the boston tea party and to tighten government control of the colonists (p. 102)
habeas corpus
a court order that requires the government to bring a prisoner of court and explain why he or she is being held
boston tea party
a protest against the tea act in which a group of colonists boarded british tea ships and dumped more than 340 chests of tea into boston harbor (p. 102)
interstate commerace
trade between two or more states (p. 160)
to cancel (p. 184)
19th amendment
womens suffrage
sons of liberty
a secret group that met during the revolutionary war
english bill of rights
a shift of political power from british monarchy to parliament (p. 91)
the number of members of a group or organization required to be present to transact business legally, usually a majority.
the legislative branch
virginia statute for religous freedom
a document that gave people in virginia feedom of worship and prohibited tax money from being used to fund churches (p. 15)
electoral college
the way of votin for president
advertising or persuading people
samuel adams
american revolutionary who led the agitation that led to the boton tea party; he signed the declaration of independence
boston massacre
an incident in which british sodiers fired into a crowd of colonists, killing five people
impeachment process
the process used by a legislative body to bring charges of wrongdoing against a public official (p. 562)
one of the houses of congress
to refuse to do something
lame duck
the time when the president is almost out of office and it's really hard for him to pass legislation
21st amendment
the repeal of the 18th amendment
the English congress
patrick henry
a member of the sons of liberty
federal system
a system that divided powrs between the states and the federal government (p. 182)
executive orders
nonlegislative directives issued by the u.s. preisdenet in certain circumstances; executive orders have the force of congressional law
freedom from punishment
to make a formal request to the government (p. 217)
to formally accuse (p. 218)
james madison
american statesman, he was a delegate to the consitutional convention, the fourth presient of the united states, the author of some of the federalist papers, and is called the father of teh constitutional convention. he led the united states through the war of 1812
double jeopardy
the act of trying a person twice for the same crime (p. 218)
due process
the fair application of the law (p. 218)
eminant domain
the government's power to take personal property to benefit the public
a first copy
to bring charges against (p. 184)
majority rule
the idea that policies are decided by the greatest number of peoplw (p. 216)
search warrant
a judge's order authorizing the search of a person's home or property to look for evidence of a crime (p. 218)
to send and immigrant back to his or her country of origin (p. 222)
naturalized citizens
a person born in anotehr country who has been granted citizenship in the United States (p. 222)
politicalition committees
an organazation that collects money to distribute to candidates who support the same issues as the contributes (p. 224)
interest groups
a group of people who share common intersest for political action (p. 224)
article 1
the legislature
article 2
the executive
article 3
the judiciary
article 4
relations among states
article 5
amending the constitution
article 6
supremacy of national government
article 7