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a national conference that wanted to change the articles of confederation but poor attendence called for a reschedule
american patiot who became an antifederalist and refused to sign the constitution (p.170)
a series of essays that defended and explained the Consitution and tried to reassure americans that the states would not be overpowered by the proposed national government (p. 171)
an agreement worked ot at the constitutional convention establishing that a state's population would determine represenation in the lower house of the legislature, while each states would have equal representation in the upper house of the legislature
three fiths comprimise
an agreement worked out at the constitutional convention stating that only three fiths of the slaves ina state would count when determining a sates's population for representation in the lower house of congress (p. 166)
northwest odinance of 1787
legislation passed by congress to establish a political structure for the nortwest territory and creat a system for the admission of new states (p. 155)
land ordinance of 1785
legislation passed by congress authorizing surveys and the division of public lands in the western region of the country (p. 155)
U.S. system of government in which power is distributed between a central government and individual states
the division of the government that proposes bills and passes them into laws (p. 1670
a meeting held in philadelphia at which delegates from the states wrote the consitution (p. 164)
the plan for government proposed at the constitutional convention in which the national government would have supreme power and a legislative branch would have to houses with representation determined by state population (p. 164)
revolutionary war officer who led shays's rebellion, an uprising of farmers in western massachusetts that shurt sown the courts so that farmers would not lose their farms for tax debts. he was defeated and condemnded to death, but pardoned. (p. 161)
a charter of liberties agreed to by kng john of england, it made the king obey the same laws as citizens (p. 152)
american statesman and member of the continental congress and the constitutional convention, he was an author of the federalist papers. he was the first secretary fo treasury under george washington and developed the bank of the united states (p. 238)
checks and balances
a system established by the Constitution that prevents any branch of government from becoming too powerful (p. 167)
the division of the federal government that includes the president and the administrative departments; enforces the nation's laws
new jersey plan
a proposal to create a unicameral legislature with equal representation of states rather than representation by population; rejected at the constitutional convention (p. 165)
north west territory
lands including present-day illinois, indiana, michigan ohio, and wisconsin; organized by the northwest oridinance of 1787 (p. 155)
marbury vs. madison
U.S. surpeme court case that established the principle of judicial review (p. 270)
articles of confederation
the document that created the first central government for the u.s.; it was replaced by the constitution in 1789 (p. 154)
laws passed by parliament to punish the colonists for the boston tea party and to tighten government control of the colonists (p. 102)
a court order that requires the government to bring a prisoner of court and explain why he or she is being held
boston tea party
a protest against the tea act in which a group of colonists boarded british tea ships and dumped more than 340 chests of tea into boston harbor (p. 102)
the number of members of a group or organization required to be present to transact business legally, usually a majority.
virginia statute for religous freedom
a document that gave people in virginia feedom of worship and prohibited tax money from being used to fund churches (p. 15)
american revolutionary who led the agitation that led to the boton tea party; he signed the declaration of independence
an incident in which british sodiers fired into a crowd of colonists, killing five people
the process used by a legislative body to bring charges of wrongdoing against a public official (p. 562)
the time when the president is almost out of office and it's really hard for him to pass legislation
nonlegislative directives issued by the u.s. preisdenet in certain circumstances; executive orders have the force of congressional law
american statesman, he was a delegate to the consitutional convention, the fourth presient of the united states, the author of some of the federalist papers, and is called the father of teh constitutional convention. he led the united states through the war of 1812
a judge's order authorizing the search of a person's home or property to look for evidence of a crime (p. 218)
a person born in anotehr country who has been granted citizenship in the United States (p. 222)
an organazation that collects money to distribute to candidates who support the same issues as the contributes (p. 224)
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