US History Chapter 6
Terms in this set (41)
What was the crucial issue behind the War of Independence?
What was the main purpose of the Committees of Correspondence?
to provide news on British threats to liberty
What sparked the Coercive Acts?
the Boston Tea Party
What was the major reason that the colonists lost the Battle of Bunker Hill?
the American soldiers ran out of ammunition
What did Common Sense advocate?
independence from Britain
Why did George Washington attempt to defend New York?
giving up the city without a fight would damage support for the war
Why was Princeton an important victory for Washington?
it raised low morale of the army
Why was the Saratoga campaign an important victory for the Patriots?
it brought France into the war
What act of treason did Benedict Arnold agree to perform?
to hand over a fort
In what area did the "Swamp Fox" help the war effort?
What unexpected event turned Cornwallis' secure position at Yorktown into a hopeless trap?
arrival of a French fleet with reinforcements
What action did Boston's Patriots take in 1773 when some British ships refused to take their tea back to England?
Boston Tea Party
What term refers to "citizen soldiers" such as the minutemen?
What term describes the colonial supporters of the British during the American Revolution?
What treaty brought the American Revolution to and end?
Treaty of Paris
British general whose army occupied Boston and attacked Concord
Virginian Patriot whose speeches supported the war
Englishman who wrote Common Sense to arouse support for independence
the primary author of the Declaration of Independence
member of the committee that drafted the Declaration of Independence and an American negotiator for the Treaty of Paris
British general who took New York and Philadelphia but missed his main objective
British general who surrendered his army near Saratoga
British general who surrendered his army at Yorktown
commander of the Green Mountain Boys who captured Fort Ticonderoga
commander in chief of the Continental army
American ordinance chief who surprised the British by transporting heavy artillery in Boston
overrated American commander who won at Saratoga but lost at Camden
American leader who was vital in winning the battles of Saratoga and Cowpens
German drillmaster for the Continental army
Baron von Steuben
American leader in the Northwest who captured Vincennes
George Rogers Clark
Patriot guerilla called the "Swamp Fox"
resourceful American commander in the South known as the "Fighting Quaker" who kept the pressure on the British
French aristocrat who helped to corner the British at Yorktown
Marquis de Lafayette
the first engagement of the American Revolution
Lexington and Concord
and early American success that supplied artillery for the forces around Boston
a costly British victory outside Boston
a successful winter raid that lifted the morale of the young Continental army
an unsuccessful attempt to stop the British from taking Philadelphia
the capture of a British army, which encouraged France to join the war
the Continental army's winter headquarters during the dark winter of 1777-1778
a draw that proved the new professionalism of the Continental army