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60 terms

Con Law Semester 1 Review

STUDY
PLAY
Gouvenour Morris
Wrote the preamble of the Constitution
George Washington
President of the Constitutional Convention
Magna Carta
What was the earliest written social contract?
Divine Right Theory
What existing belief did the social contract theory challenge?
Population, territory, sovereignty, government
4 characteristics of a state
Jefferson
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
Madison
Who is the "Father of the Constitution"?
Divine Rights of Kings
Theory that a supreme being appointed the monarch, and only the monarchy could speak to & for the supreme being
To declare independence from Britain
Purpose of writing the Declaration of Independence
Connecticut Compromise
Decided upon a bicameral Congress, with House of Reps based on population and Senate w/ 2 votes per state
3/5s Compromise
Agreed that in population counts, each slave would count as 3/5s of a person
Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise
Decision that all exports would be duty free, and the slave trade would continue until 1808
Preamble
_________ states the 6 goals America tries to achieve
President
Must be a natural born citizen, 14 years a US resident, and 35 years old
Senator
9 years citizen, 30 years old, and must live in state they are elected from
Congressman
7 years citizen, 25 years old, and must live in state from which they are elected
Supreme Court Justices
Appointed by President and confirmed by the Senate
Elastic Clause
This gives Congress the power to make any laws it deems "necessary and proper"; it expands Congress's power
At least once a year
How often does Congress have to meet, Constitutionally?
Magna Carta
"Know that before God..."
English Bill of Rights
"Whereas the late King James the Second, by the assistance of divers evil counsellors,..."
Constitution
"We the people of the United States..."
Declaration of Independence
"We hold there truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal..."
English Bill of Rights
"And excessive fines have been imposed; and illegal and cruel punishments inflicted;"
Magna Carta
"First, that we have granted to God, and by this present charter have confirmed for us and our heirs in perpetuity, that the English Church shall be free, and shall have its rights undiminished..."
Declaration of Independence
"When in the course of human events..."
Constitution
"All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives."
Constitution
"The citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states."
Constitution
"The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America."
Declaration of Independence
"That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed..."
Declaration of Independence
"...that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness."
Constitution
"...but no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any office or public trust under the United States."
Constitution
"...shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican form of Government..."
Declaration of Independence
"...we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honors."
Liberal
someone who likes the basic features of policy, but want to change it; however, they will not use violence to create change it.
Conservative
Someone who is most satisfied with the way things are; they see little need for improvement in finite areas and these changes should be VERY gradual.
Moderate
Someone who is fairly happy with society and wants change only in specific areas that they see need improvement. Any change should be gradual and well thought out.
Status Quo
Where the policy/concept is at the moment
Hobbes
Philosopher who said that without government, people live in a state of nature. By nature, people possess equality of ability, and they are cruel, greedy, and selfish. This philosopher said that by entering a social contract, people agreed to give up the state of nature for an organized society. The best form if gov't is an ABSOLUTE MONARCHY
Locke
Philosopher who furthered ideas about the law of nature, social contract, and natural rights; he said that government should be justified. Believed in natural rights of life, liberty, and property.
Rousseau
Philosopher who believed that people are good by nature; society's evils corrupts their natural innocence. He said that good of the community should be placed above individual interests, and the good of the whole always outweighs the good of the few.
Hancock
President of the Second Continental Congress
Richard Henry Lee
proposed indepdence at the 2nd Continental Congress
John Adams
Tries to get the colonists to vote for independence, but he is obnoxious and disliked
Franklin
The sage of the Constitutional Convention and the oldest delegate
Federalists
People who were in favor of the new Constitution
Anti-Federalists
People who were against the new Constitution
Majority Leader
Member of Congress who controls the agenda of the majority party
Minority Leader
A watchdog function over the majority party
Whip
Member of Congerss who helps either the majority or the minority leader
Filibuster
delaying a bill through the use of discussion
Cloture
rule in the Senate that will end a filibuster if 60 Senators agree to vote for the closing debate
Franking
privilege of Members of Congress for free mail servic
Jus soli
"law of land" - if you are born here you are a citizen
Jus sanguinis
"law of blood" - if one of your parents is an American citizen, then you are as well
Shay's Rebellion
When colonists in Massachusetts, who were angry over high taxes, rebelled; though the rebels were defeated, it convinced many that the Articles needed revision
Interstate
Trade between 2 or more states; can be regulated by Congress
Intrastate
trade within a state; can not be regulated by Congress
adjourn
to stop meeting
gerrymandering
a practice that attempts to establish a political advantage for a particular party or group by manipulating geographic boundaries to create partisan, incumbent-protected districts.