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Gouvenour Morris

Wrote the preamble of the Constitution

George Washington

President of the Constitutional Convention

Magna Carta

What was the earliest written social contract?

Divine Right Theory

What existing belief did the social contract theory challenge?

Population, territory, sovereignty, government

4 characteristics of a state


Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?


Who is the "Father of the Constitution"?

Divine Rights of Kings

Theory that a supreme being appointed the monarch, and only the monarchy could speak to & for the supreme being

To declare independence from Britain

Purpose of writing the Declaration of Independence

Connecticut Compromise

Decided upon a bicameral Congress, with House of Reps based on population and Senate w/ 2 votes per state

3/5s Compromise

Agreed that in population counts, each slave would count as 3/5s of a person

Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise

Decision that all exports would be duty free, and the slave trade would continue until 1808


_________ states the 6 goals America tries to achieve


Must be a natural born citizen, 14 years a US resident, and 35 years old


9 years citizen, 30 years old, and must live in state they are elected from


7 years citizen, 25 years old, and must live in state from which they are elected

Supreme Court Justices

Appointed by President and confirmed by the Senate

Elastic Clause

This gives Congress the power to make any laws it deems "necessary and proper"; it expands Congress's power

At least once a year

How often does Congress have to meet, Constitutionally?

Magna Carta

"Know that before God..."

English Bill of Rights

"Whereas the late King James the Second, by the assistance of divers evil counsellors,..."


"We the people of the United States..."

Declaration of Independence

"We hold there truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal..."

English Bill of Rights

"And excessive fines have been imposed; and illegal and cruel punishments inflicted;"

Magna Carta

"First, that we have granted to God, and by this present charter have confirmed for us and our heirs in perpetuity, that the English Church shall be free, and shall have its rights undiminished..."

Declaration of Independence

"When in the course of human events..."


"All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives."


"The citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states."


"The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America."

Declaration of Independence

"That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed..."

Declaration of Independence

"...that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness."


"...but no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any office or public trust under the United States."


"...shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican form of Government..."

Declaration of Independence

"...we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honors."


someone who likes the basic features of policy, but want to change it; however, they will not use violence to create change it.


Someone who is most satisfied with the way things are; they see little need for improvement in finite areas and these changes should be VERY gradual.


Someone who is fairly happy with society and wants change only in specific areas that they see need improvement. Any change should be gradual and well thought out.

Status Quo

Where the policy/concept is at the moment


Philosopher who said that without government, people live in a state of nature. By nature, people possess equality of ability, and they are cruel, greedy, and selfish. This philosopher said that by entering a social contract, people agreed to give up the state of nature for an organized society. The best form if gov't is an ABSOLUTE MONARCHY


Philosopher who furthered ideas about the law of nature, social contract, and natural rights; he said that government should be justified. Believed in natural rights of life, liberty, and property.


Philosopher who believed that people are good by nature; society's evils corrupts their natural innocence. He said that good of the community should be placed above individual interests, and the good of the whole always outweighs the good of the few.


President of the Second Continental Congress

Richard Henry Lee

proposed indepdence at the 2nd Continental Congress

John Adams

Tries to get the colonists to vote for independence, but he is obnoxious and disliked


The sage of the Constitutional Convention and the oldest delegate


People who were in favor of the new Constitution


People who were against the new Constitution

Majority Leader

Member of Congress who controls the agenda of the majority party

Minority Leader

A watchdog function over the majority party


Member of Congerss who helps either the majority or the minority leader


delaying a bill through the use of discussion


rule in the Senate that will end a filibuster if 60 Senators agree to vote for the closing debate


privilege of Members of Congress for free mail servic

Jus soli

"law of land" - if you are born here you are a citizen

Jus sanguinis

"law of blood" - if one of your parents is an American citizen, then you are as well

Shay's Rebellion

When colonists in Massachusetts, who were angry over high taxes, rebelled; though the rebels were defeated, it convinced many that the Articles needed revision


Trade between 2 or more states; can be regulated by Congress


trade within a state; can not be regulated by Congress


to stop meeting


a practice that attempts to establish a political advantage for a particular party or group by manipulating geographic boundaries to create partisan, incumbent-protected districts.

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