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Security+ SY0-401 Practice Exam 2
Terms in this set (100)
An organization does not have adequate resources to administer its large infrastructure. A security administrator wishes to combine the security controls of some of the network devices in the organization.
Which of the following methods would BEST accomplish this goal?
Unified Threat Management
Which of the following would allow the organization to divide a Class C IP address range into several ranges?
The security administrator is currently unaware of an incident that occurred a week ago. Which of the following will ensure the administrator is notified in a timely manner in the future?
An access point has been configured for AES encryption but a client is unable to connect to it.
Which of the following should be configured on the client to fix this issue?
The system administrator is tasked with changing the administrator password across all 2000 computers in the organization.
Which of the following should the system administrator implement to accomplish this task?
A group policy
A network administrator wants to block both DNS requests and zone transfers coming from outside IP addresses. The company uses a firewall which implements an implicit allow and is currently configured with the following ACL applied to its external interface.
PERMIT TCP ANY ANY 80
PERMIT TCP ANY ANY 443
Which of the following rules would accomplish this task? (Select TWO).
Change the firewall default settings so that it implements an implicit deny.
Add the following ACL at the bottom of the current ACL DENY IP ANY ANY 53.
Which of the following attacks would cause all mobile devices to lose their association with corporate access points while the attack is underway?
An administrator wants to ensure that the reclaimed space of a hard drive has been sanitized while the computer is in use.
Which of the following can be implemented?
Cluster tip wiping
A company is looking to improve their security posture by addressing risks uncovered by a recent penetration test. Which of the following risks is MOST likely to affect the business on a day-to-day basis?
Lack of antivirus software
Ann, an employee, is cleaning out her desk and disposes of paperwork containing confidential customer information in a recycle bin without shredding it first. This is MOST likely to increase the risk of loss from which of the following attacks?
A recently installed application update caused a vital application to crash during the middle of the workday. The application remained down until a previous version could be reinstalled on the server, and this resulted in a significant loss of data and revenue.
Which of the following could BEST prevent this issue from occurring again?
Application patch management
A security administrator wishes to increase the security of the wireless network. Which of the following BEST addresses this concern?
Change the encryption from TKIP-based to CCMP-based.
The system administrator has deployed updated security controls for the network to limit risk of attack. The security manager is concerned that controls continue to function as intended to maintain appropriate security posture.
Which of the following risk mitigation strategies is MOST important to the security manager?
A company is about to release a very large patch to its customers. An administrator is required to test patch installations several times prior to distributing them to customer PCs. Which of the following should the administrator use to test the patching process quickly and often?
Create a virtualized sandbox and utilize snapshots
An auditing team has found that passwords do not meet best business practices. Which of the following will MOST increase the security of the passwords? (Select TWO).
A vulnerability scan is reporting that patches are missing on a server. After a review, it is determined that the application requiring the patch does not exist on the operating system.
Which of the following describes this cause?
Company A submitted a bid on a contract to do work for Company B via email. Company B was insistent that the bid did not come from Company A. Which of the following would have assured that the bid was submitted by Company A?
Ann, a sales manager, successfully connected her company-issued smartphone to the wireless network in her office without supplying a username/password combination. Upon disconnecting from the wireless network, she attempted to connect her personal tablet computer to the same wireless network and could not connect. Which of the following is MOST likely the reason?
The company wireless is using a MAC filter.
A network technician is on the phone with the system administration team. Power to the server room was lost and servers need to be restarted. The DNS services must be the first to be restarted. Several machines are powered off. Assuming each server only provides one service, which of the following should be powered on FIRST to establish DNS services?
A security administrator is reviewing the company's continuity plan. The plan specifies an RTO of six hours and RPO of two days. Which of the following is the plan describing?
Systems should be restored within six hours with a minimum of two days worth of data.
The incident response team has received the following email message.
Subject: Copyright infringement
A copyright infringement alert was triggered by IP address 220.127.116.11 at 09: 50: 01 GMT. After reviewing the following web logs for IP 18.104.22.168, the team is unable to correlate and identify the incident.
09: 45: 33 22.214.171.124 http: //remote.site.com/login.asp?user=john
09: 50: 22 126.96.36.199 http: //remote.site.com/logout.asp?user=anne
10: 50: 01 188.8.131.52 http: //remote.site.com/access.asp?file=movie.mov
11: 02: 45 184.108.40.206 http: //remote.site.com/download.asp?movie.mov=ok
Which of the following is MOST likely the reason why they are unable to identify and correlate the incident.
Incident time offsets were not accounted for.
A server dedicated to the storage and processing of sensitive information was compromised with a rootkit and sensitive data was infiltrated. Which of the following incident response procedures is best suited to restore the server?
Wipe the storage, reinstall the OS from original media and restore the data from the last known good backup.
Which of the following describes a type of malware which is difficult to reverse engineer in a virtual lab?
Using a heuristic system to detect an anomaly in a computer's baseline, a system administrator was able to detect an attack even though the company signature based IDS and antivirus did not detect it. Further analysis revealed that the attacker had downloaded an executable file onto the company PC from the USB port, and executed it to trigger a privilege escalation flaw.
After copying a sensitive document from his desktop to a flash drive, Joe, a user, realizes that the document is no longer encrypted. Which of the following can a security technician implement to ensure that documents stored on Joe's desktop remain encrypted when moved to external media or other network based storage?
File level encryption
A security administrator must implement a system to allow clients to securely negotiate encryption keys with the company's server over a public unencrypted communication channel. Which of the following implements the required secure key negotiation? (Select TWO).
Acme Corp has selectively outsourced proprietary business processes to ABC Services. Due to some technical issues, ABC services wants to send some of Acme Corp's debug data to a third party vendor for problem resolution. Which of the following MUST be considered prior to sending data to a third party?
This may violate data ownership and non-disclosure agreements
An organization has introduced token-based authentication to system administrators due to risk of password compromise. The tokens have a set of numbers that automatically change every 30 seconds. Which of the following type of authentication mechanism is this?
A security technician at a small business is worried about the Layer 2 switches in the network suffering from a DoS style attack caused by staff incorrectly cabling network connections between switches.
Which of the following will BEST mitigate the risk if implemented on the switches?
An administrator wants to establish a WiFi network using a high gain directional antenna with a narrow radiation pattern to connect two buildings separated by a very long distance. Which of the following antennas would be BEST for this situation?
An attacker used an undocumented and unknown application exploit to gain access to a file server. Which of the following BEST describes this type of attack?
Which of the following is an XML based open standard used in the exchange of authentication and authorization information between different parties?
Which of the following ports and protocol types must be opened on a host with a host-based firewall to allow incoming SFTP connections?
A user, Ann, is reporting to the company IT support group that her workstation screen is blank other than a window with a message requesting payment or else her hard drive will be formatted. Which of the following types of malware is on Ann's workstation?
Which of the following controls can be implemented together to prevent data loss in the event of theft of a mobile device storing sensitive information? (Select TWO).
Full device encryption
A way to assure data at-rest is secure even in the event of loss or theft is to use:
Full device encryption.
A security audit identifies a number of large email messages being sent by a specific user from
their company email account to another address external to the company. These messages were
sent prior to a company data breach, which prompted the security audit. The user was one of a
few people who had access to the leaked data. Review of the suspect's emails show they consist
mostly of pictures of the user at various locations during a recent vacation. No suspicious activities from other users who have access to the data were discovered. Which of the following is occurring?
The user is using steganography.
A security analyst is reviewing firewall logs while investigating a compromised web server. The following ports appear in the log:
22, 25, 445, 1433, 3128, 3389, 6667
Which of the following protocols was used to access the server remotely?
An organization does not want the wireless network name to be easily discovered. Which of the following software features should be configured on the access points?
A computer is suspected of being compromised by malware. The security analyst examines the computer and finds that a service called Telnet is running and connecting to an external website over port 443. This Telnet service was found by comparing the system's services to the list of standard services on the company's system image. This review process depends on:
A software developer wants to prevent stored passwords from being easily decrypted. When the password is stored by the application, additional text is added to each password before the
password is hashed. This technique is known as:
In which of the following steps of incident response does a team analyze the incident and determine steps to prevent a future occurrence?
A security technician has been asked to recommend an authentication mechanism that will allow users to authenticate using a password that will only be valid for a predefined time interval. Which of the following should the security technician recommend?
A security administrator must implement a wireless encryption system to secure mobile devices' communication. Some users have mobile devices which only support 56-bit encryption. Which of
the following wireless encryption methods should be implemented?
After a security incident involving a physical asset, which of the following should be done at the beginning?
Record every person who was in possession of assets, continuing post-incident.
Which of the following is the GREATEST security risk of two or more companies working together under a Memorandum of Understanding?
MOUs are generally loose agreements and therefore may not have strict guidelines in place to protect sensitive data between the two entities.
Joe, a user, reports to the system administrator that he is receiving an error stating his certificatehas been revoked. Which of the following is the name of the database repository for these
A software company has completed a security assessment. The assessment states that the company should implement fencing and lighting around the property. Additionally, the assessment states that production releases of their software should be digitally signed. Given the recommendations, the company was deficient in which of the following core security areas? (Select TWO).
A user was reissued a smart card after the previous smart card had expired. The user is able to log into the domain but is now unable to send digitally signed or encrypted email. Which of the
following would the user need to perform?
Publish the new certificates to the global address list.
Users are encouraged to click on a link in an email to obtain exclusive access to the newest version of a popular Smartphone. This is an example of.
Which of the following types of attacks involves interception of authentication traffic in an attempt to gain unauthorized access to a wireless network?
Which of the following is a BEST practice when dealing with user accounts that will only need to
be active for a limited time period?
When creating the account, set an expiration date on the account.
Which of the following types of authentication packages user credentials in a ticket?
Which of the following is required to allow multiple servers to exist on one physical server?
Several employees submit the same phishing email to the administrator. The administrator finds that the links in the email are not being blocked by the company's security device. Which of the following might the administrator do in the short term to prevent the emails from being received?
Add the domain to a block list
A company has several conference rooms with wired network jacks that are used by both employees and guests. Employees need access to internal resources and guests only need access to the Internet. Which of the following combinations is BEST to meet the requirements?
802.1x and VLANs
LDAP and Kerberos are commonly used for which of the following?
To utilize single sign-on capabilities
An administrator needs to renew a certificate for a web server. Which of the following should be submitted to a CA?
CSR (Certificate Signing Request)
An administrator needs to submit a new CSR to a CA. Which of the following is a valid FIRST step?
Generate a new private key based on RSA.
The security team would like to gather intelligence about the types of attacks being launched against the organization. Which of the following would provide them with the MOST information?
Implement a honeynet
After recovering from a data breach in which customer data was lost, the legal team meets with the Chief Security Officer (CSO) to discuss ways to better protect the privacy of customer data.
Which of the following controls support this goal?
Encryption and stronger access control
A security engineer, Joe, has been asked to create a secure connection between his mail server and the mail server of a business partner.
Which of the following protocol would be MOST appropriate?
TLS (Transport Layer Security)
A new network administrator is setting up a new file server for the company.
Which of the following would be the BEST way to manage folder security?
Create security groups for each folder and assign appropriate users to each group.
A recent vulnerability scan found that Telnet is enabled on all network devices.
Which of the following protocols should be used instead of Telnet?
A network engineer is setting up a network for a company. There is a BYOD policy for the employees so that they can connect their laptops and mobile devices.
Which of the following technologies should be employed to separate the administrative network from the network in which all of the employees' devices are connected?
A network administrator is asked to send a large file containing PII to a business associate.
Which of the following protocols is the BEST choice to use?
When performing the daily review of the system vulnerability scans of the network Joe, the administrator, noticed several security related vulnerabilities with an assigned vulnerability identification number. Joe researches the assigned vulnerability identification number from the vendor website. Joe proceeds with applying the recommended solution for identified vulnerability.
Which of the following is the type of vulnerability described?
A malicious individual is attempting to write too much data to an application's memory.
Which of the following describes this type of attack?
Ann, a security administrator, wishes to replace their RADIUS authentication with a more secure protocol, which can utilize EAP.
Which of the following would BEST fit her objective?
Ann, a security administrator, has concerns regarding her company's wireless network. The network is open and available for visiting prospective clients in the conference room, but she notices that many more devices are connecting to the network than should be.
Which of the following would BEST alleviate Ann's concerns with minimum disturbance of current functionality for clients?
Lower the antenna's broadcasting power.
A distributed denial of service attack can BEST be described as:
Multiple computers attacking a single target in an organized attempt to deplete its resources.
Joe analyzed the following log and determined the security team should implement which of the following as a mitigation method against further attempts?
[00: 00: 01]Successful Login: 015 192.168.1.123 : local
[00: 00: 03]Unsuccessful Login: 022 214.34.56.006 : RDP 192.168.1.124
[00: 00: 04]UnSuccessful Login: 010 214.34.56.006 : RDP 192.168.1.124
[00: 00: 07]UnSuccessful Login: 007 214.34.56.006 : RDP 192.168.1.124
[00: 00: 08]UnSuccessful Login: 003 214.34.56.006 : RDP 192.168.1.124
A computer supply company is located in a building with three wireless networks. The system security team implemented a quarterly security scan and saw the following.
SSID State Channel Level
Computer AreUs1 connected 1 70dbm
Computer AreUs2 connected 5 80dbm
Computer AreUs3 connected 3 75dbm
Computer AreUs4 connected 6 95dbm
Which of the following is this an example of?
Rogue access point
A systems administrator has implemented PKI on a classified government network. In the event that a disconnect occurs from the primary CA, which of the following should be accessible locally from every site to ensure users with bad certificates cannot gain access to the network?
While configuring a new access layer switch, the administrator, Joe, was advised that he needed to make sure that only devices authorized to access the network would be permitted to login and utilize resources. Which of the following should the administrator implement to ensure this
A vulnerability assessment indicates that a router can be accessed from default port 80 and default port 22. Which of the following should be executed on the router to prevent access via these ports? (Select TWO).
SSH service should be disabled
HTTP service should disabled
Results from a vulnerability analysis indicate that all enabled virtual terminals on a router can be accessed using the same password. The company's network device security policy mandates that at least one virtual terminal have a different password than the other virtual terminals. Which of the
following sets of commands would meet this requirement?
line vty 0 3 password Qwer++!Y line vty 4 password P@s5W0Rd
Joe, an employee, was escorted from the company premises due to suspicion of revealing trade secrets to a competitor. Joe had already been working for two hours before leaving the premises. A security technician was asked to prepare a report of files that had changed since last night's integrity scan.
Which of the following could the technician use to prepare the report? (Select TWO).
Ann has read and write access to an employee database, while Joe has only read access. Ann is leaving for a conference. Which of the following types of authorization could be utilized to trigger write access for Joe when Ann is absent?
Rule-based access control
Human Resources suspects an employee is accessing the employee salary database. The administrator is asked to find out who it is. In order to complete this task, which of the following is a security control that should be in place?
Shared accounts should be prohibited.
An administrator finds that non-production servers are being frequently compromised, production servers are rebooting at unplanned times and kernel versions are several releases behind the version with all current security fixes.
Which of the following should the administrator implement?
An auditor's report discovered several accounts with no activity for over 60 days. The accounts were later identified as contractors' accounts who would be returning in three months and would need to resume the activities.
Which of the following would mitigate and secure the auditors finding?
Disable unnecessary contractor accounts and inform the auditor of the update.
Ann, the security administrator, wishes to implement multifactor security. Which of the following should be implemented in order to compliment password usage and smart cards?
Customers' credit card information was stolen from a popular video streaming company. A security consultant determined that the information was stolen, while in transit, from the gaming consoles of a particular vendor.
Which of the following methods should the company consider to secure this data in the future?
Encrypted TCP wrappers
A new intern was assigned to the system engineering department, which consists of the system architect and system software developer's teams. These two teams have separate privileges. The intern requires privileges to view the system architectural drawings and comment on some software development projects.
Which of the following methods should the system administrator implement?
Group based privileges
One of the system administrators at a company is assigned to maintain a secure computer lab. The administrator has rights to configure machines, install software, and perform user account maintenance. However, the administrator cannot add new computers to the domain, because that requires authorization from the information Assurance Officer. This is an example of which of the following?
A small business needs to incorporate fault tolerance into their infrastructure to increase data availability.
Which of the following options would be the BEST solution at a minimal cost?
A new application needs to be deployed on a virtual server. The virtual server hosts a SQL server that is used by several employees.
Which of the following is the BEST approach for implementation of the new application on the virtual server?
Take a snapshot of the virtual server before installing the new application and store the snapshot in a secure location.
Ann wants to send a file to Joe using PKI. Which of the following should Ann use in order to sign the file?
Ann's private key
Which of the following protocols is used to validate whether trust is in place and accurate by returning responses of either "good", "unknown", or "revoked"?
During a recent investigation, an auditor discovered that an engineer's compromised workstation was being used to connect to SCADA systems while the engineer was not logged in. The engineer is responsible for administering the SCADA systems and cannot be blocked from connecting to
them. The SCADA systems cannot be modified without vendor approval which requires months of testing.
Which of the following is MOST likely to protect the SCADA systems from misuse?
Deploy NIPS at the edge of the SCADA network
A security administrator must implement a network authentication solution which will ensure encryption of user credentials when users enter their username and password to authenticate to the network.
Which of the following should the administrator implement?
WEP over EAP-PEAP
Several employees have been printing files that include personally identifiable information of customers. Auditors have raised concerns about the destruction of these hard copies after they are created, and management has decided the best way to address this concern is by preventing these files from being printed.
Which of the following would be the BEST control to implement?
Data loss prevention
The company's sales team plans to work late to provide the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) with a special report of sales before the quarter ends. After working for several hours, the team finds they cannot save or print the reports.
Which of the following controls is preventing them from completing their work?
Time of Day access control
A security engineer is asked by the company's development team to recommend the most secure method for password storage.
Which of the following provide the BEST protection against brute forcing stored passwords? (Select TWO).
After entering the following information into a SOHO wireless router, a mobile device's user reports being unable to connect to the network:
PERMIT 0A: D1: FA. B1: 03: 37
DENY 01: 33: 7F: AB: 10: AB
Which of the following is preventing the device from connecting?
Hardware address filtering is blocking the device.
The call center supervisor has reported that many employees have been playing preinstalled games on company computers and this is reducing productivity.
Which of the following would be MOST effective for preventing this behavior?
When creating a public / private key pair, for which of the following ciphers would a user need to specify the key strength?
A company has decided to move large data sets to a cloud provider in order to limit the costs of new infrastructure. Some of the data is sensitive and the Chief Information Officer wants to make sure both parties have a clear understanding of the controls needed to protect the data.
Which of the following types of interoperability agreement is this?
Which of the following solutions provides the most flexibility when testing new security controls prior to implementation?
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