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type of economies

tradional- custom, job passed on from father to son: family determines job type
command- rely on the governement to make econ decisions
market-supply and demand

Weber ( economics):

Beureacracy and "supernational" economic forces: man forced into modernization= feelng of helplessness= anomie= people are losing jobs even though they did nothing to deserve it

Marx ( economics):

conflict and alienation: uneven wealth, alienation of workers, lose creativit - slaves of a system


it is a physiological experiance- if america was content living at the level of mexican peasants, then all our material wants would be satifisfed within an hour of 2 of daily labor

in order for econ. society to function there must be:

1.production of goods and services
2. Distribution- so more production can occur

division of labor

leads in an increase in quanity of work- saving time, more skill

production factors:

land- natural recourses
labor- # of worker hours
tehnology- machinary
captial- $ used to invest

Market economy:

assumes that people are rational
consumer confidence: peoples perception o the economy

the outsider( of a culture):

socialized from outside the clture- advantaage is that he sees different ways of thinking and can use use his own culture to study a differnt culture- differnt understanding

the insider ( of a culture):

believes that his culture is the only way; hard time being objective

stratification in waterlily

1. Women in charge of children
2. stratifcation by ag
3. tipis are organized by social order- women on one side, men on the other
4. elders have authority over adult men ( they also take more of role in taing care of children

Economy ( waterlily):

NO currency b/c no trade
tradional economy
hunter-gatherer society
gender division of labor

politics (waterlily):

the magistrate- no chief ( council tipi-responisble for protecting the tribe) lead the rest of the tribe- they tell thegroup if they should hide, collect a certain amout of food store etc.

Ideology + religion ( waterlily) :

respect other tribes
caring for family and sacrificing for others is imprtant
they respect nature
they have 1 god " the great spirit"
informal- no officals
they believe in ghosts, ritual, ghosts honor dreams

education ( waterlily):

informal teaching- they were taught ffrom the elders about social norms
the children do not go to school
learn through oral tradition- no literacy

family( watrlily):

with each different person inthe family, you act in differnt ways depending on the family member

ethos ( waterlily):

you never talk back o elders


is an ideology which reinforces power structure- socially constructed

Thomus Dictum

if people dfine a situation as real, it is real in its consequences- some people believe that some social groups are better than others ( stereotypes and racism)

"drop of blood" law

cant marry outseide of your race- depends on how much " black" blood in you= if you are black in you

self-fullfilling prophecy:

peopl believe the are inferior or superior= will act like it and either aim lower or higher in life


levitown: gvnt lending morgageto whites not blacks
residential segregation leads to educational segregaton


tipping point: once a neighborhood has 25% black, white families move out ( called th white flight)


racial profiling- police profiling- drawing conclusion bsed on race
black people not represented

sex and gender ( male or female):

is a social category- gender identity- given a social designation...and if assigned sexdoesnt match the gender identity then you "dont fit in"

function for religion:

exploraion of the world
lets people come togther
social solidarity
purpose for life

Max Veheber

religion brings social change- phropheti change- speaking up in society

Internal social change:

Discovery and invention
Reform: changes that are consiously taken by using current system
Revolution- more dramatic changes fundemental change

External social change:

Diffusion: change by exchange b/w 2 different societies
Acculturation: society dominates another so thouroughly that the 1st culture is almost all lost

gemeinshaft vs. gesselshaft:

gemeinschaft- community- small in size and people know each other- people motivated by doing good n the eyesof others: wealth is land- authority is the father

Gessellshaft- society- more formal motivated by greed- people are selfish- wealth is money..authority is state

mechanical soliarity ( dukheim):

tradition and community- people socialized and kneproper behavior and simular expectations

organic solidarity ( durkheim):

freedom and process- moe change so soociety evolves- more social nobility


when modernization (ecnomic change) occurs to fast, ANOMIE occurs

Resisiting change:

more dangrous b/c change will happn more explosivly then

religious leaders ( black in selma):

they reported to differnt white leaders:
Dr. Jeminson- church school- black baptist
brown was cloe ot the mayor- black ministr in white church

"Christian Paternalist Ethic" - Hunt

duty of wealthy to take care of poor.
Wealthy should use their money to help poor.


(Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee)-a group established in 1960 to promote and use non-violent means to protest racial discrimination; they were the ones primarily responsible for creating the sit-in movement
- Bernard Laffeyatte tried to get people to not be afraid- and concious raising


Southern Christian Leadership Conference, churches link together to inform blacks about changes in the Civil Rights Movement, led by MLK Jr.- attracts white violence to show the country what is happening in the south MEDIA


National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, founded in 1909 to abolish segregation and discrimination, to oppose racism and to gain civil rights for African Americans, got Supreme Court to declare grandfather clause unconstitutional
- chesnut- working to change the law- would appeal cases if he lost- segregated but equal does not work


seeing oneself in the white perspective- double aim- struggle to form identity- 2 differnt looing glasses- they jusdge themslves by comparing themselves to whites


roles dnt change....but people can adopt to the roles they are in ( women prison gaurds)

city of god vs. city of man

people have to act good in order to be good
city of man: own will- can gain pleasure- lust for domination
city of god: serve others and please god. Gods will...satisfy needs through god..achieve greater salvation

Early Middle Ages:

Dark ages- not much wriiten infrmation in written records- large scale movemnts

Late Middle Ages:

rapid violent dramatic- growth changed because of famine...Black Death- altred process of modernization..feudalism destroyed.. cities were created

High middle ages:

age of faith in christianity : feudal ( classical) vd. urban commerical italy

Ethos ( middle ages)

eternal salvation to get to heaven

Stratification ( middle ages)

ascribed status ...3 estates
1. church
2. Nobility
3. peasants

ecnomy ( middle ages)

The Manor
very little trade bc of the wars and not alot of surplus

traditional ecnomy- agriculture- people do what parents do

politics ( middle ages)

church has most power and were also landowners
-Lords of Manor had power
- Feudalism= distribution of power (lords and vassels - knights who receive fief bc they conquered it)
- MILITARY CONQUEST= ony way of socal mobility

ideology/religion ( middle ages)

Christian patrnal ethic: people conformed bc they believed in the system- have to accept life and think of eternal salvation
-pope was at th to of relgious heirachy ( bishops, monks, priests)

Education ( middle ages)

- children learned from parents
- all education took place in church
- most people dont know how to read or write - only the cergy
- ORAL tradition- history not recorded
books in monestary

Family ( middle ages)

Gemineshaft- father head of family
land was the form of wealth


spark for social change
cultural movemnt


more secular
a approach to education- recognize value o human life- make earth a better place- enjoying life- humans can imporve things


father of humanism and renaissance- promoted discussion- not just memorizing
- creativity
- says we an learn from pagans

civic humanism

florence ( wealtiest city) , during Ren in Italy - translated humanism into active humanist leadership of political and cultural life. ex. in Florence, Salutati, Bruni and Bracciolini - each used his rhetorical skills to rally citizens vs. agressors and to undertake other civic duties.

The Prince:

its better to be feared than loved
sometimes we need cruality
prince has to maintaininternal power
dont be generous
CANT TRUST NOBILITY bc they arent loyal ( cultivate weaker nobility)
prince needs to be dependant

View on humans ( the prince)

People are decieving and disloyal - self-centered..not loyal to own family

mercinary ( the prince)

proffesiona soldiers that are being paid - cant trust them bc they just want $

Civilian ( the prince)

Prince's troops- not goig to betray

auxilary ( the prince)

military from another ally or country-cant trust them because htey are loyal totheir own commander....if they win, the prince will be dependant on them


dissaproved relics- says they distract
christianas mus read scripture
peace and love
put the bible in hands of all people

luther doctirines:

1. salvation by faith alone
2. bible is only source of religion- all tradion mus be based on bible
3. "priesthood of all believers"- dirct relationship with god and person

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