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63 terms

kindom plantae

STUDY
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stomata
leaves have openings called ________used for gas and water exchange
cuticle
a waxy coating on the leaves
xylem,phloem
2 types of transport tissue
few weeks to 5000 years
plants can live
herbacious plants
nonwoody plants
germination
when the embryo in the seeds begin to sprout and grow
leaf
is where photosynthesis happens
multicellular
multicellular or unicellular
eukaryotic
prokaryotic or eukaryotic
phylum bryophyta
peat moss
phylum hepatophyta
liver worts
phylum anthocerophyta
horn worts
roots
are used to take in nutrients and water from the soil and provides support to the plant
xylem
a type of vascular tissue used for transporting water and dissolved substances in the plant
stem
provides support for growth
phloem
a type of vascular tissue used for transporting sugar
psilotophyta
whisk ferns
lycophyta
club and spike moss
spenophyta
horsetails
pterophyta
ferns
spores
vascular seedless plants reproduce by
gemination
vascular seed plants reproduce by
gymnosperms and angiosperms
two types of vascular seed plants
gymnosprems
produced naked seeds in cone
angiosperms
produce flowers and bear fruit
cycodophyta
cycads
ginkgophyta
ginko biloba
coniferophyta
conifers
gnetophyta
ephedra or mormas tea
bristlecone pine
oldest living tree
pacific yew
source of cancer fighting drugs
anthophyta
largest of all plant phyla
monocotyledons
singled cell leaves
dicotyledons
double seed leaves
parenchyma
most abundant cells in the plant and are found in throughout tissue
collenchyma
are long cells with uneven thick cell walls
sclerenchyma
cell walls are thick and rigid
meiosis
plants reproduce sexually by
spores and fragmentation
plants reproduce asexually by
coniferophyta
conifers, pine, cedar, redwoods, fir, spruce, juniper, cypress, and bald cypress are all in what phylum
3
how many genera of gnetophytes
epidermis
dermal tissue composed of flattened cells that cover all parts
stomata
openings in leaf tissue for the exchange of gasses
guard cells
control the opening and closing of the stomata that regulates the flow of water vapor
trichomes
fuzz on leaves is called
ground
tissue composed mostly of parenchyma
meristems
regions of actively dividing cells
roots and stems
apical stems are found at the top of
cork cambium
makes cells with tough cell walls
taproots and fibrous roots
two types of roots are
tuber
swollen underground stems that produce buds for new plants
rhizomes
underground stems that store foods
blade
flat, board, green part of the leaf is the
whorled arrangement
when three or more leaves grow around a stem in the same position
parallel, netlike, or dichotomous
leaf venation may be
sepel, petal, stamen, and carpil
four basic parts of a flower
sepel
the outermost part of a flower that surrounds and protects
petals
the brightly colored parts
stamen
contatins the male parts
carpils
contains the female parts
anther and filament
the stamen contains the
pistil, ovary, style, and stigma
the carpils include the
ovary
where the ovul is found