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10 terms

Biology-Chapter 5 Vocab

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organic molecule
carbon-based molecule
inorganic molecule
non-carbon-based molecule
carbohydrate
organic compound made of sugar molecules
lipid
one of a class of water-avoiding compounds
hydrophilic
attracts water molecules
hydrophobic
avoids water molecules
steroid
lipid molecule with four fused carbon rings
cholesterol
steroid molecule present in the plasma membranes of animal cells
protein
polymer constructed from a set of 20 amino acid monomers
enzyme
specialized protein that catalyzes the chemical reactions of a cell