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300 terms

English Semester 2 Vocab

Desnoyer Vocabulary Definitions
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admonish
to caution or advise against something, to scold mildly; to remind of a duty
breach
to opening, gap, rupture, rift: a violation or infraction; to create an opening, break through
brigand
a bandit, robber, outlaw, highwayman
circumspect
careful, cautious
commandeer
to seize for military or other official use
cumbersome
clumsy, hard to handle, slow-moving
deadlock
a standstill resulting from the opposition of two equal forces or factions; to bring such a standstill
debris
scattered fragments, wreckage
diffuse
to spread or scatter freely or widely; wordy, long-winded, or unfocused, scattered or widely spread
dilemma
a difficult or perplexing situation or problem
efface
to wipe out, to keep oneself from being noticed
muddle
to make a mess of, to get by; a hopeless mess
opinionated
stubborn and often unreasonable in holding to one's own ideas, having a closed mind
perennial
lasting for a long time, persistent; a plant that lives for many years
predispose
to incline to beforehand
relinquish
to let go, give up
salvage
to save from fire or shipwreck, property thus saved
spasmodic
sudden and violent but brief; fitful; intermittent
spurious
not genuine, not true, not valid
unbridled
uncontrolled, lacking in restraint
adjourn
to stop proceedings temporarily; to move to another place
alien
a citizen of another country; foreign, strange
comely
having a pleasing appearance
compensate
to make up for; to repay for services
dissolute
loose in one's morals or behavior
erratic
not regular or consistent; different from what is ordinarily expected; undependable
expulsion
the process of driving or forcing out
feint
a deliberately deceptive movement; a pretense; to make a deceptive movement, to make a pretense of
fodder
food for horses or cattle; raw material for a designated purpose
fortify
to strenghthen; build up
illegible
difficult or impossible to read
jeer
to make fun of rudely or unkindly; a rude remark of derision
lucrative
bringing in money; profitable
mediocre
average, ordinary, undistinguished
proliferate
to reproduce, increase, or spread rapidly
subjugate
to conquer by force, bring under complete control
sully
to soil, tarnish, defile, besmirch
tantalize
to tease, torment by teasing
terse
brief and to the point
unflinching
firm, showing no signs of fear, nor drawing back
pilfer
to steal in small quantities
rift
a split, break, breach
semblance
a likeness; an outward appearance; an apparition
surmount
to overcome, rise above
terminate
to bring to an end
trite
commonplace; overused, stale
usurp
to seize and hold a position by force or without right
abridge
to make shorter
adherent
a follower, supporter; attached, sticking to
altercation
an angry argument
cherubic
resembling an angel portrayed as a little child with a beautiful, round, or chubby face; sweet and innocent
condone
to pardon or overlook
dissent
to disagree; disagreement
eminent
famous, outstanding, distinguished, projecting
exorcise
to drive out by magic; to dispose of something troublesome, menacing, or oppressive
fabricate
to make, manufacture; to make up, invent
irate
angry
marauder
a raider, plunderer
obesity
excessive fatness
pauper
an extremely poor person
abscond
to run off and hide
access
approach or admittance to places, persons, things' an increase; to get at, obtain
anarchy
a lack of government and law; confusion
auspicious
favorable; fortunate
arduous
hard to do, requiring much effort
biased
favoring one side unduly; prejudiced
daunt
to overcome with fear, intimidate; to dishearten, discourage
disentangle
to free from tangles or complications
fated
determined in advance by destiny or fortune
hoodwink
to mislead by a trick, deceive
inanimate
not having life; without energy or spirit
incinerate
to burn to ashes
intrepid
very brave, fearless, unshakable
larceny
theft
pliant
bending readily; easily influenced
pompous
overly self-important in speech and manner; excessively stately or ceremonious
precipice
a very steep cliff; the brink or edge of disaster
rectify
to make right, correct
reprieve
a temporary relief or delay; to grant a postponement
revile
to attack with words, call bad names
accomplice
a person who takes part in a crime
annihilate
to destroy completely
arbitrary
unreasonable; based on one's wishes or whims without regard for reason or fairness
brazen
shameless, impudent; made of brass
catalyst
a substance that causes or hastens a chemical reaction; any agent that causes change
exodus
a large-scale departure or flight
facilitate
to make easier; to assist
incorrigible
not able to be correct; beyond control
latent
hidden, present but not realized
militant
given to fighting; active and aggressive in support of a cause; an activist
morose
having a gloomy or sullen manner; not friendly or sociable
opaque
not letting light through; not clear or lucid; dense, stupid
paramount
chief in importance, above all others
prattle
to talk in an aimless, foolish, or simple way; to babble; baby talk; babble
rebut
to offer arguments or evidence that contradicts an assertion; to refute
reprimand
to scold; find fault with; a rebuke
servitude
slavery, forced labor
slapdash
careless and hasty
stagnant
not running or flowing; foul from standing still; inactive, sluggish, dull
succumb
to give way to superior force, yield
atone
to make up for
bondage
slavery; any state of being bound or held down
credible
believable
defray
to pay for
diligent
hardworking, industrious, not lazy
doleful
sad; dreary
ghastly
frightful, horrible; deathly pale
hamper
to hold back
hew
to shape or cut down with an ax; to hold to
impoverished
poor, in a state of poverty; depleted
incessant
never stopping, going on all the time
intricate
complicated; difficult to understand
lucid
easy to understand, clear; rational, sane
posthumous
occurring or published after death
prim
overly neat, precise, proper, or formal; prudish
sardonic
grimly or scornfully mocking, bitterly sarcastic
superfluous
exceeding what is sufficient or required, excess
supplant
to take the place of, supersede
taunt
to jeer at, mock; an insulting or mocking remark
tenacious
holding fast; holding together firmly; persistent
adieu
a farewell
advent
an arrival; a coming into place or view
apex
the highest point, tip
assimilate
to absorb fully or make one's own; to adopt as one's own; to adapt fully
bogus
false, counterfeit
exorbitant
unreasonably high; excessive
interim
the time between; temporary, coming between two points in time
inundate
to flood, overflow; to overwhelm by numbers or size
malign
to speak evil of, slander; evil
meander
to wander about, wind about; a sharp turn or twist
metropolis
a large city; the chief city of an area
momentous
very important
obstreperous
noisy; unruly, disorderly
pensive
thoughtful, melancholy
perilous
dangerous
shoddy
of poor quality; characterized by inferior workmanship
sprightly
lively, full of life; spicy, flavorful
surly
angry and bad-tempered; rude
tirade
a long, angry speech, usually very critical
vagrant
an idle wanderer, tramp; wandering aimlessly
assurance
a pledge; freedom from doubt, self-confidence
asylum
an institution for the care of children
console
to comfort; the keyboard of an organ; a control panel for an electrical or mechanical device
dilate
to make or become larger or wider; to expand upon
dross
refuse, waste products
dwindle
to lessen, diminish
flippant
lacking in seriousness; disrespectful, saucy
immunity
resistance to disease; freedom from some charge or obligation
institute
to establish, set up; an organization for the promotion of learning
liability
a debt; something disadvantageous
preposterous
ridiculous, senseless
pugnacious
quarrelsome, fond of fighting
rabid
furious, violently intense, unreasonably extreme; mad; infected with rabies
realm
a kingdom; a region or field of study
rejuvenate
to make young again; to make like new
remunerate
to reward, pay, reimburse
sparse
meager, scant; scattered
sterling
genuine, excellent; made of silver of standard fineness
venture
a risky or daring undertaking; to expose to danger; to dare
warp
to twist out of shape; an abnormality
auxiliary
giving assistance or support; a helper, aid
candid
frank, sincere; impartial; unposed
cubicle
a small room or compartment
drudgery
work that is hard and tiresome
envoy
a representative or messenger (as of a government)
escalate
to elevate; to increase in intensity
expedient
a means to an end; advantageous, useful
feign
to pretend
flair
a natural quality, talent, or skill; a distinctive style
grievous
causing sorrow or pain; serious
heterogeneous
composed of different kinds, diverse
horde
a vast number (as of people); a throng
impel
to force, drive forward
incredulous
disbelieving, skeptical
inscribe
to write or engrave; to enter a on a list
monologue
a speech by one actor; a long talk by one person
prognosis
a forecast of the probable course and outcome of a disease or situation
rasping
with a harsh, grating sound; a harsh sound
repugnant
offensive, disagreeable, distasteful
scuttle
to sink a ship by cutting holes in it; to get rid of something in a decisive way; to run hastily, scurry; a pail
adept
thoroughly skilled; an expert
aspire
to have ambitious hopes or plans, strive toward a higher goal, desire earnestly; to ascend
bleak
bare, dreary, dismal
chide
to blame; scold
despicable
worthy of scorn, contemptible
diminutive
small, smaller than most others of the same size
emancipate
to free from slavery; to release or liberate
erroneous
incorrect, containing mistakes
exploit
to make use of, develop; to make improper use of for personal profit; a feat, deed
extemporaneous
made or delivered on the spur of the moment
impair
to make imperfect, damage, harm
invincible
not able to be defeated, unbeatable
languid
drooping; without energy, sluggish
mire
mud; wet, swampy ground; a tough situation; to get stuck
obtrusive
forward; undesirably prominent; thrust out
preamble
an introduction to a speech or piece of writing
render
to cause to become; to perform; to deliver officially; to process, extract
rugged
rough, irregular; severe, stern; strong; stormy
skeptical
inclined to doubt; slow to accept something as true
slipshod
untidy in dress, personal habits, etc.; careless, sloppy
brevity
shortness
comport
to conduct or bear oneself, behave; to be in agreement
concise
expressing much in a few words
demure
sober or serious in manner, modest
depreciation
a lessening in value; a belittling
deteriorate
to lower in quality or value; to wear away
divulge
to tell, reveal; to make public
enlightened
free from ignorance and false ideas; possessing sound understanding
forestall
to prevent by acting first
garble
to distort in such a way as to make unintelligible
proponent
one who puts forward a proposal; one who supports a cause or belief
quaver
to shake, tremble; to trill
recoil
to spring back, shrink; the act of springing back
recoup
to make up for, regain
reek
an unpleasant small; to give off unpleasant smells; to give a strong impression
relentless
unyielding, harsh, without pity
rivulet
a small stream
squander
to spend foolishly, waste
staccato
detached or disconnected in sound or style
statute
a law
appreciable
sufficient to be noticed or measured
autocratic
absolute in power or authority
blanch
to remove the color from; to make or turn pale; to parboil
blasphemy
an act, utterance, or writing showing contempt for something sacred
brawny
strong, muscular
concerted
planned or performed in cooperation with others
contend
to fight, struggle; to compete; to argue
humane
kind, merciful
illustrious
very famous, distinguished
intolerable
unbearable
irreverent
disrespectful
laborious
not easy, requiring hard work; hardworking
lithe
bending easily, limber
maltreat
to abuse, use roughly or crudely
ponder
to consider carefully, reflect on
subversive
intended to undermine or overthrow; one who advocates or attempts to undermine a political system
synthetic
made or put together by people; something artificial
temperate
mild, moderate
venomous
poisonous; spiteful, mean
wily
sly, shrewd, cunning
ad infinitum
endlessly
apportion
to divide and give out in shares
bona fide
genuine; sincere
buoyant
able to float easily; able to hold things up; cheerful, hopeful
clique
a small, exclusive group of people
concede
to admit as true; to yield, submit
congenial
getting on well with others; agreeable, pleasant
lofty
very high; noble
migration
a movement from one country or region to another
perceive
to be aware of through the senses, observe; to grasp mentally
perverse
inclined to go against what is expected; stubborn; turned away from what is good and proper
prelude
an introduction; that which comes before or leads off
rancid
stale, spoiled
rustic
country-like; simple, plain, awkward; one who lives in the country
sever
to separate, divide into parts
sordid
wretchedly poor; run-down; mean or selfish
untenable
not capable of being held or defended; impossible to maintain
versatile
able to many things well; capable of many uses
vindicate
to clear from hint or charge of wrongdoing; to defend successfully against opposition;; to justify
wane
to lose size, strength, or power
annex
to add to, attach; to incorporate; an attachment or addition
cleave
to cut or split open; to cling to
cordial
in a friendly manner, hearty; cheery; a liqueur
cornerstone
the starting point of a building; a fundamental principle or element
debacle
an overwhelming defeat, rout; a complete collapse or failure
devitalize
to make weak or lifeless
embroil
to involve in a conflict or difficulty; to throw into confusion
exonerate
to clear from a charge or accusation
glib
ready and fluent in speech; thoughtless, insincere
haphazard
by chance, not planned; lacking order
improvise
to compose or perform without preparation; to construct from available materials
incite
to rouse, stir up, urge on
influx
a coming in; inflow
pallor
an extreme or unnatural paleness
pedigree
a list of ancestors, family tree; the history or origins of something
precipitous
very steep
profuse
very abundant; given or flowing freely
reconcile
to restore to friendship; to settle; to resign (oneself)
shackle
to put in chains; a chain, fetter
threadbare
shabby, old and worn
abase
to lower in esteem, degrade; to humble
actuate
to move to action; to impel
avert
to turn aside, turn away; to prevent, avoid
boorish
rude, unrefined; clumsy
brunt
the main impact, force, or burden
combatant
a fighter; engaged in fighting
dormant
inactive; in a state of suspension; sleeping
dubious
causing uncertainty or suspicion
harangue
to deliver a loud, ranting speech; a loud speech
harry
to make a destructive raid on; to torment, harass
impenitent
not feeling remorse or sorrow for errors or offenses
knave
a tricky, unprincipled, or deceitful fellow
legion
a large military force; any large group or number; many, numerous
liberality
generosity, generous act; breadth of mind or outlook
plaintiff
one who begins a lawsuit
probe
to examine, investigate thoroughly; an investigation; a device used to explore or examine
protract
to draw out or lengthen in space or time
quarry
to cut or take from (or as if from) a quarry; a place from which stone is taken; something that is hunted or pursued
spurn
to refuse with scorn, disdain
subterfuge
an excuse or trick for escaping or hiding something