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200 terms

APUSH Significant Figures

200 people
STUDY
PLAY
Albert Gallatin
Secretary of Treasury under President Jefferson
Alice Paul
head of Nation Woman's Party
Andrew Carnegie
Steel tycoon, Gospel of Wealth
Andrew Mellon
Sec of State under Coolidge, steel + alum. tycoon
Anne Bradstreet
first American poet
Anne Hutchinson
Puritan minister of a dissident church
Bernard Baruch
financier, adviser to Wilson and FDR
Betty Friedan
writer, The Feminine Mystique
Black Hawk
leader Sauk American Indian tribe
Booker T. Washington
black advocate for self improvement for Black Americans
Boss Tweed
Boss of Tammany Hall
Brigham Young
Mormon community in Utah
Bruce Barton
Portrayed Christ as super salesman
Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan
imperialist, great countries had sea power
Carrie Chapman
Woman's suffrage leader of NAWSA
Carry A Nation
Temperance advocate through vandalism
Cesar Chavez
United Farm Workers in CA
Charles Darwin
Evolution
Charles Evan Hughes
Sec of State after WWI, Chief Justice
Charles G Finney
Evangelistic Presbyterian minister in 1820s and 30s
Charles Schwab
US Steel Corp
Charles Sumner
Beaten by Preston Brooks in Congress
Chief Joseph
Leader of Nez Pierce
Clara Barton
Founder of Red Cross
Commodore Dewey
Navy, seized Philippines
Copperheads
Democrats opposed Civil War
Cyrus McCormick
Mechanical reaper
Daniel Ellsberg
Leaked Pentagon Papers
Daniel Webster
Webster Ashburton Treaty (Maine/Canada border)
Dennis Kearney
Workingmen's Party of CA
Denmark Vesey
West Indian slave who plotted uprising, executed
Dorothea Dix
Mental health pioneer
Dr. Francis Townsend
Townsend Plan, pensions for retirees
Edgar Allen Poe
poems and short stories, the raven
Edith Wharton
First women to win Pulitzer Prize, Age of Innocence
Edward Bellamy
Looking Backwards
Edwin M Stanton
Sec of War during Civil War, dismissed by Jackson under Tenure of Office
Eleanor Roosevelt
Wife of FDR, civil rights advocate
Eli Whitney
cotton gin, interchangeable parts for firearms
Elias Howe
sewing machine
Elihu Root
Sec of War under McKinley, Sec of State under T Roosevelt
Elijah Lovejoy
St. Louis Observer, Presbyterian minister
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Social activist, early woman's movement, declaration of sentiment
Emma Willard
Women's rights advocate, higher education for women
Ernest Hemingway
Novelist, Lost Generation, Old Man and the Sea
Eugene V Debs
Socialist union leader, International Labor Union and IWW
F Scott Fitzgerald
writer, Lost Generation, Great Gatsby
Father Charles Coughlin
Roman Catholic priest, radio to reach mass audience
Frances Perkins
Sec of Labor, first woman on Cabinet with FDR, labor movement in New Deal
Francis Cabot Lowell
Textile manufacturing industry
Francis Willard
WTCU, prohibition
Frank Lloyd Wright
architect and writer, prairie style
Frank Norris
first naturalist writer
Frederick Douglass
black abolitionist, North Star
Frederick Jackson Turner
frontier thesis
Gabriel Prosser
unsuccessful slave leader of revolt in Richmond, VA during 1800
General Braddock
unsuccessful British commander in NA during F+I War
General Douglass MacArthur
US General in WWII and Korean War, Southwest Pacific
General Winfield Scott
General in Mexican War, unsuccessful Whig candidate in 1852
George Mason
author of Virginia constitution and Declaration of Rights
George Rogers Clark
preeminent military officer on northwestern frontier during Revolution, related to William Clark
George Wallace
Governor of Alabama, ran for president 4 times and failed
George Washington Carver
peanut botanist
George Whitefield
Church of England, Methodist movement
Geronimo
Apache chief
Gilbert Stuart
painter, one of foremost portraitists
Gilbert Tennant
Methodist preacher during Great Awakening
Grant, McClellan, Sherman, Meade
Union officers in Civil War
Haldeman, Ehrlichman, Dean, Mitchell
Watergate scandal
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Uncle Tom's cabin
Harriet Tubman
assisted slaves escape w/ Underground railroad
Helen Hunt Jackson
romanticized west as utopia
Henry Cabot Lodge
imperialist, nativist, anti-Wilson
Henry Clay
great compromiser, American system, Missouri compromise of 1820, compromise of 1850, and more
Henry David Thoreau
transcendentalist, wrote Walden Pond
Henry George
Progress and Poverty, labor rights
Henry James
realistic writer of late 1800s, the Ambassadors, Portrait of a Lady
Henry L Mencken
Debunker of 1920s, ridiculed middle class in Smart Set and American Mercury
Henry S Kissinger
Nixon's national security adviser, Vietnam war policy (peace with honor)
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Popular poet of the day, fireside poems
Henry Ward Beecher
liberal American Congregational clergyman, involved in adultery trial
Herbert Croly
influential nationalist, Promise of American Life
Horace Greeley
editor of New York Tribune, liberal leader
Huey Long
rose to power through attacks on banks, trusts, and utilities
Ida Tarbell
muckracker on Standard Oil trust
Jack London
popular and powerful writer of the time, Call of the Wild
Jackie Robinson
first black in MLB
Jacob Riis
How the Other Half Lives
James B Duke
tobacco processing industry
James Fenimore Cooper
1st great American novelist, established American hero Natty Bumpo
James G Blaine
champion of Half Breeds
James Oglethorpe
military founder of Georgia
James Otis
No Taxation w/o representation
James Weldon Johnson
Harlem Renaissance author
Jane Addams
Hill House movement, first American woman to win Nobel
Jeanne Kirkpatrick
UN ambassador under Reagan, first American woman to be so
Jesse Jackson
Civil rights activist and Baptist minister
Jesse Owens
Black track athlete in 1936 Berlin Olympics
Jimmy Hoffa
president of Teamsters union, sent to jail but pardoned by Nixon
John Bartram
early botanist and horticulturalist
John Brown
white abolitionist, Harper's Ferry raid, Bleeding Kansas
John C Calhoun
Theory of Nullification
John C Fremont
Explorer of Far West, helped in Bear Flag Revolution
John D Rockefeller
Standard Oil Co, monopoly, vertical and horizontal integration
John Dewey
Pragmatism, advocate for educational reform
John Dickinson
PA debater, wanted reconciliation with Great Britain
John Foster Dulles
Sec of State to Eisenhower, Massive retaliation
John Jacob Astor
American Fur company, mountain men and others in frontier
John Locke
Enlightenment Thinker, Of Civil Gov't
John Paul Jones
Naval officer in Revolutionary War
John Rolfe
Tobacco pioneer in Jamestown, married Pocahontas
John Smith
founder of Jamestown, explored Virginia colony
John Steinbeck
wrote Grapes of Wrath, on Great Depression and dust bowl
John Sutter
Gold Rush of 1849
John Winthrop
Massachusetts Bay Colony, idealistic City on a hill
Jonathan Edwards
fiery preacher fueled Great Awakening
Joseph Pulitzer
founder of yellow journalism, aggressive and engrossing style
Joseph Smith
Church of Latter Day Saints (Mormons)
Josiah Strong
Nativist, ideals of democracy and civilization lie with WASPs
JP Morgan
banking mogul, bought Carnegie Steel
Robert E Lee, Stonewall Jackson
Confederate heroes of Civil War
Lincoln Steffens
Advocate against municipal corruption
Louis Brandeis
First Jewish Supreme court judge
Louis Sullivan
Skyscraper
Lucretia Mott
First American feminist, Seneca Falls convention
Lucy Stone
influential lecturer in women's rights (antebellum)
Malcolm X
Nation of Islam, violent defense of blacks if necessary
Marcus Garvey
Jamaican promoting black nationalism
Margaret Fuller
Individual liberation and questionable gender roles
Margaret Sanger
birth control advocate
Maria Mitchell
American astronomer who discovered comet, protested slavery, didn't wear cotton
Mark Twain
great American writer of 19th century, Huck Finn
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Baptist pastor dedicated to civil rights, I have a dream
Mary Baker Eddy
Church of Christ, scientist
Mary Ellen Lease
Populist orator, raise less corn and more hell
Medgar Evers
NAACP official who did not want desegregation, killed in movement
Mercy Otis Warren
influential playwright, History of the Revolution
Nat Turner
slave preacher, killed 60 whites in an insurrection
Nathaniel Bacon
Led a rebellion in 1677 for back country grievances
Nathaniel Hawthorne
transcendentalist author, Scarlet Letter
Noah Webster
Webster's Dictionary
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.
Fireside poet, The Nautilus
Patrick Henry
Give me liberty or give me death
Philip Randolph
All black union, Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
Phyllis Wheatley
black poet, taught to read and write by master
Pocahontas
Powhatan Indian, converts to Christianity and marries John Rolfe
Queen Liliuokalani
Queen of Hawaii, removed from power by US
Rachel Carson
Environmentalist
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Transcendentalist, Nature, Self Reliance
Richard Henry Lee
Complete independence from Britain, 2nd Continental Congress
Robert Fulton
steamboat
Robert M LaFollette
state-level reformer governor of Wisconsin
Robert Morris
Head of the government's treasury during the Articles of Confederation
J Robert Oppenheimer
Manhattan Project
Roger B Taney
Chief Justice after Marshall
Roger Williams
Salem, Massachusetts minister, separation between church and state
Rosa Parks
refused to give up her bus seat to a white passenger
Sacagawea
Native American woman who led Lewis and Clark
Sally Ride
First woman astronaut in space
Sam Adams
Boston Massacre, Sons of Liberty
Sam Houston
1st president of Texas, took Santa Anna prisoner at Battle of San Jacinto
Samuel Chase
Federalist Supreme Court Justice, impeached by House at Jefferson's urging
Samuel FB Morse
telegraph
Samuel Gompers
American Federation of Labor, anti-imperialist
Samuel Slater
Spinning mill in RI, modern factory
Sandra Day O'Conner
1st female Supreme Court Justice, appointed by Ronald Reagan
Sinclair Lewis
1st American to win Nobel Prize in literature, Babbit, debunker
Sitting Bull
Leader of the Sioux
Sojourner Truth
underground railroad, black advocate for women's rights
Stephen Austin
encouraged settlers to move to Texas, land from Mexico
Stephen Crane
Realistic writer, Civil War realities in the Red Badge of Courage
Stephen Kearney
Led small army to capture Santa Fe; joined Bear Flag Revolution in CA
Stokely Carmichael
Black Leader of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, Black Panthers too
Susan B Anthony
Founded the National Women's Loyal League, abolition and women's rights
Tecumseh
Prophet's brother and Chief of the Shawnees, Tippecanoe
Thaddeus Stevens
use of war to abolish slavery immediately and completely
Theodore Dreiser
Wrote Sister Carrie exposing of single women in cities
Theodore Weld
Abolitionist who believed slavery was a sin, wrote American Slavery as it Is
Thomas Hooker
Minister of Newton, founds Connecticut
Thomas Hutchinson
Tory governor of Massachusetts, Pro Brit
Thomas Nast
Political cartoonist of 1870s
Thomas Paine
Wrote Common Sense
Thurgood Marshall
Supreme Court Justice, file legal challenges against segregation
Upton Sinclair
wrote The Jungle
WEB Du Bois
Founds NAACP, blacks should fight for civil rights
Walt Whitman
Author, poet, journalist, Leaves of Grass
Walter Rauschenbusch
Protestant theologian with socialist inclinations, Social Gospel
Warren E. Burger
Supreme Court Chief Justice during Nixon's term, replaces Warren
Washington Irving
Father of American literature, Rip Van Winkle
Willa Cather
American writer in the 1920s
William Bradford
Plymouth Plantation, Mayflower Compact
William Faulkner
American writer in the 1920s
William Lloyd Garrison
the Liberator & he found the New England Antislavery Society and American Antislavery Society
William Penn
Pennsylvania, democracy/religious freedom, good indian relations
William Pitt
Secretary of State during the Seven Years' War (French and Indian War
William Randolph Hearst
reformist investigative reporting, Hearst Castle, owned 28 major newspapers and 18 magazines
William Seward
Seward's Folly (Alaska), opponent of the Fugitive Slave Act
William Jennings Bryan
Free Silver, Cross of Gold
Zebulon Pike & Stephen Long
Pike: explorer for whom Pikes Peak is names; Long: Great American Desert
Spiro T Agnew
VP under Nixon, resigned for extortion and bribery charges