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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. karyotype
  2. S phase
  3. mitosis
  4. zygote
  5. metastasis
  1. a A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventionally divided into five stages: prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. conserves chromosome number by allocating replicated chromosomes equally to each of the daughter nuclei.
  2. b The spread of cancer cells to locations distant from their original site.
  3. c A display of the chromosome pairs of a cell arranged by size and shape.
  4. d The synthesis phase of the cell cycle; the portion of interphase during which DNA is replicated.
  5. e The diploid cell produced by the union of haploid gametes during fertilization; a fertilized egg

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. The pairing and physical connection of duplicated homologous chromosomes during prophase I of meiosis.
  2. A cell containing two sets of chromosomes (2n), one set inherited from each parent.
  3. A life cycle in which there is both a multicellular diploid form, the sporophyte, and a multicellular haploid form, the gametophyte; characteristic of plants and some algae.
  4. An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell, from its origin in the division of a parent cell until its own division into two. The eukaryotic is composed of interphase (including GG1, S, and GG2 subphases) and M phase (including mitosis and cytokinesis).
  5. A cell containing only one set of chromosomes (n).

5 True/False questions

  1. G2 phaseThe second gap, or growth phase, of the cell cycle, consisting of the portion of interphase after DNA synthesis occurs.

          

  2. cytokinesisA process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventionally divided into five stages: prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. conserves chromosome number by allocating replicated chromosomes equally to each of the daughter nuclei.

          

  3. centromerein a duplicated chromosome, the region on each sister chromatid where they are most closely attached to each other by proteins that bind to specific DNA sequences; this close attachment causes a constriction in the condensed chromosome.

          

  4. binary fissionThe pairing and physical connection of duplicated homologous chromosomes during prophase I of meiosis.

          

  5. genomeThe diploid cell produced by the union of haploid gametes during fertilization; a fertilized egg

          

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