134 terms

L to J Examples and Definitions

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idiom
an expression peculiar to a particular language, goes beyond the literal meaning of the words
idiom
'smart cookie', 'going out on a limb', 'grabbing the bull by the horns', 'singing like a canary in a coal mine' are all examples of what?
symbol
an object or collection of objects which stands for itself and also represents an idea beyond itself,
a collection or group of such objects indicates
symbolism
symbol
In "Smart Cookie," Esperanza's name means hope, Esperanza's mother hopes her daughter will have a better life than she has. What is this an example of?
setting
time and place of the action in a novel, drama, short story, narrative poem, memoir, autobiography or biography
setting
In "Smart Cookie," the story takes place in a large metropolitan area. What is this an example of?
cliché
a frequently used expression in a statement, can involve a literal or figurative use of words
cliché
'every cloud has a silver lining', 'been there; done that', 'where there's a will, there's a way', are all examples of what?
plot
the series of related events which make up a story
plot
In "Ribbons" by Laurence Yep, Stacy's grandmother arrives form Hong Kong. In order to bring Grandma and her belongings to San Francisco, Stacy's parents spent a considerable amount of money. Thus, Stacy must forgo her ballet lessons. More sacrifices are required since Grandma shares Stacy's room, speaks limited English, and has bound feet. A breakthrough occurs in their relationship when Stacy reads Ian, her younger brother, a fairytale. Soon, Grandma and Stacy are getting along well. What is this an example of?
exposition
information offered to readers to help them understand plot, characters, setting, conflict, and other story elements, first stage of the five major stages of plot development
exposition
In "Ribbons," we learn that Stacy and Ian's grandmother had her feet bound as a young girl, growing up in China, and suffers pain and limited mobility as a result. What stage of the plot is this an example of?
conflict
a problem faced by the main character, protagonist, which presents him or her with difficulties or obstacles to overcome
conflict
In "Smart Cookie," Esperanza's mother experiences regrets about quitting school and how this lack of education limits opportunities for her and Esperanza. What is this an example of?
internal conflict
takes place within the character's mind and involves a struggle over opposing needs, desires, or emotions
internal conflict
In "Smart Cookie," Esperanza's mother experiences regrets about quitting school and how this lack of education limits opportunities for her and Esperanza. What is this an example of?
external conflict
a character struggles with an outside force: another character, societal values, or the natural environment
external conflict
In "Ribbons" by Laurence Yep, Stacy and her grandmother clash over the callouses on her feet, her behavior toward grandma, and how Ian should be treated by grandma. What is this an example of?
rising action
the segment of the story in which the tension stemming from the conflict increases, the second stage in the five major stages of plot development
rising action
In "Ribbons," when grandmother refuses to mend the silk ribbons on Stacy's toe shoes and confiscates them. What stage of the plot is this an example of?
climax
the segment of the story in which the tension stemming from the conflict reaches its highest point, the third stage in the five major stages of plot development
climax
In "Ribbons," when Stacy enters the bathroom without knocking and sees her grandmother soaking her deformed feet, she inquires what happened to them. Grandma responds with 'none of your business' and tells her to get out. What stage of plot is this an example of?
falling action
the segment of the story in which the tension is reduced as various factors work toward the resolution or solving of the main conflict, the fourth stage in the five major stages of plot development
falling action
Stacy's mother, in "Ribbons," explains how grandmother's feet became that way. Her mother adds that grandmother was concerned about the ballet shoes because she did not want Stacy to endure the amount of pain she has suffered from foot binding. What stage of plot is this an example of?
resolution / denouement
the final outcome of the narrative or story's plot
resolution / denoument
In "Ribbons," after hearing the fairytale, Grandma expresses compassion for the mermaid, and acknowledges how much she has to learn. Stacy and Grandmother reach out to one another, and they move on to a better relationship. What stage of plot is this an example of?
foreshadowing
the author provides the reader with hints or clues about future story events and the story's final outcome
foreshadowing
In "The Monkey's Paw" by WW Jacobs, when Mr. White wished on the paw and it twisted in his hand like a snake, this event suggested the strong, negative influence that wishing on the paw has on the lives of the Whites. What is this an example of?
tone
the attitude the writer takes toward the character(s), subject matter, and the audience
tone
In HH Munro's "The Open Window," the ______ which the author takes toward Framton Nuttel implies that he is gullible. When it comes to the subject matter, Munro's ______ is light, whimsical, and entertaining.
direct characterization
the writer reveals the personality of a character by telling the reader about him or her
direct characterization
In "The Open Window," Vera is described as a 'self possessed young lady of fifteen'. What is this an example of?
indirect characterization
a writer reveals the personality of a character through the character's looks, gestures, thoughts, feelings, attitude, and behavior
indirect characterization
In "The Open Window," Vera is a teller of tall tales. This insight into her personality is an example of _________ __________.
point of view/perspective
the vantage point from which a story or narrative is told and how the events within it are framed or interpreted for the reader
point of view/perspective
In "Ribbons," Stacy tells the story. The use of the first person, nominative case, pronoun 'I' is one indication. What is this an example of?
dialect
a way of speaking that is characteristic of a given geographical region or a group of people
dialect
Squeaky, the protagonist in "Raymond's Run" speaks in an inner city _______. For instance, 'I don't feature a whole lot of chitchat'.
allusion
a reference to a statement, person, place, or an event from literature, history, politics, sports, or another subject area; a reference to another text
allusion
Mercury, the messenger of the gods in Roman mythology, is made reference to in "Raymond's Run". What is this an example of?
verbal irony/sarcasm
occurs when an individual or character means one thing and says another
verbal irony/sarcasm
"So when Mrs. Baker said you were playing a part from The Tempest, she meant you were playing a part from The Tempest. We know a whole lot more than we did before," said Danny. What is this an example of?
situational irony
a contrast that exists between a character's or reader's expectations and the ensuing, following, reality
situational irony
In the biographical narrative on Virginia Driving Hawk Sneve, she shares how her son gave the neighborhood children the impression that his Native American Uncle would look like an Indian brave and come to the house wearing a breechcloth and riding a horse. Instead, the Uncle pulled up in his large, air conditioned Cadillac and wore slacks and a sports shirt. What is this an example of?
mood
the emotions evoked in the mind and heart of the reader , also a reader can determine a character's _____ such as: sullen, fearless
mood
In "Smart Cookie," the mother's _____ is remorseful or regretful.
analogy
a point by point comparison between two or more characters, pieces of literature, situation and/or issues to show how they are alike
analogy
We can compare Panchito's life in "The Circuit" to the life of the story's author, Francisco Jimenez, to the life of Caesar Chavez, leader of the United Farm Workers back in the 1960s. What is this an example of?
appendix
the collection of reference materials located at the back of a textbook
appendix
One reference material in our textbook's _______ is "The Handbook of Literary Terms."
denotation
the dictionary definition of a word
denotation
Ethos is defined as a code of conduct, a set of principles, a moral imperative. This definition is an example of what?
connotation
the thoughts and feelings associated with a given word
connotation
In "The Circuit," the trumpet presented an opportunity for growth and new possibilities in the protagonist's life. The cardboard boxes stood for moving, transience, and a sense of disconnection. Words can have positive or negative ________.
backstory
the history of events in a character's past life is presented by the author throughout the literary work
backstory
In "The Wednesday Wars," Mr. Hoodhood often reminds Holling that he will inherit Hoodhood and Associates one day. What is this an example of?
repetition/refrain
the writer uses a phrase or sentence several times within the text to help the reader picture an image or understand an idea
repetition/refrain
In reference to the coveted cream puffs, Gary Schmidt, author of "The Wednesday Wars," writes: 'a brown, light perfect cream puff,' every time he makes a reference to it. What is this an example of?
audience
the readers or listeners for a piece of writing
audience
Gary Schmidt's ______ for "The Wednesday Wars," includes young adults and those who teach them.
purpose
the specific reason(s) a writer has for writing a given piece
purpose
Common ______ for writing include: to entertain, to persuade, to inform, and to explain.
message
focus, content and ideas in a piece of writing
message
In "The Treasure of Lemon Brown" and "Smart Cookie," a ______ that can be derived from these stories is that parents have high expectations for their children.
genre
a particular type of literature with special characteristics
genre
Fiction, a more comprehensive ______, includes the following ______: realistic, historical, classic, adventure, science fiction, fantasy, mystery, and horror/suspense.
protagonist
the main character in a work of literature
protagonist
In "Ribbons" by Laurence Yep, Stacey, who regrets having to temporarily give up her ballet lessons, is the ________.
antagonist
the fictional character who works against or opposes the main character of a literary work
antagonist
In "The Wednesday Wars," Holling's opponents include: Mrs. Baker, his dad, his sister, and Doug's brother. What is this an example of?
active voice
is present in a sentence when the subject does the action
active voice
Creates, builds, writes, sings, dances are examples of what?
passive voice
is present in a sentence when the subject is in a state of being
passive voice
Is, seems, appears, resembles are examples of what?
appositive
a noun or pronoun placed beside another one to identify or explain it
appositive
In the sentence - Mrs. Tauber, my eighth grade language arts teacher, enjoys knitting and water aerobics. - what is the phrase between the commas an example of?
transition/transitional phrase
a word or group of words that provides a connection between ideas, sentences, and paragraphs
transition/transitional phrase
Then, now, later, first, last, next, finally, before, after, during, on the other hand, until recently, during the storm, after the game, while eating breakfast are examples of what?
theme
A statement which expresses a life lesson or universal truth about the human condition or human experience as revealed in a work of literature, enduring truth related to the human condition
theme
"Each life touches many other lives. " From the drama West Side Story "prejudice and hatred can separate people or characters who love each other. " What are these examples of?
thesis
A statement which offers an interpretation of an essay's or research paper's topic
thesis
When Mrs. Tauber wrote a research paper on Ernest Hemingway, she read many of his novels and learned that many times a writer's writing reflects their personal experience. What is this an example of?
antecedent
the noun which a subsequent pronoun refers to
antecedent
You are reading an article on the latest fashion trends. At first, the noun 'fashion' is mentioned, later the pronoun 'it' is used to refer to fashion. Fashion is the ________.
preface
a preliminary statement by the author or editor which sets forth the book's purpose
preface
In "Nothing But The Truth", Avi lets the reader know that events in this historical fiction novel sound similar to events which have transpired in various schools across the nation. What is this an example of?
dramatic irony
Occurs when the audience, readers, know information that a given character does not know
dramatic irony
In "Tangerine", Paul sees Erik's duplicity. For example, Erik can be talking about inappropriate topics with Arthur such as making fun of Joey Costello, but switch to an appropriate topic when they are within Mom's range of hearing.
duration
Amount of time that passes or transpires from the beginning to the end of the story's narrative.
duration
In the historical fiction novel "Tangerine", the _______ of the story is approximately five months.
image
a word which appeals to he senses: hearing, touch, taste, smell, and sight; also includes: thermal (hot and cold) and kinesthetic (tension and relaxation)
image
In Langston Hughes' poem, "Dreams," he compares life to a barren field frozen with snow. This _______ is visual and thermal. Also he uses metaphor, "Life is a broken winged bird that cannot fly." This _______ is visual and kinesthetic.
imagery
a collection of such words which offer multi-sensory appeal, some create pictures in the readers mind
imagery
lurk late, strike straight, sing sin, thin gin, jazz june
These phrases from "We Real Cool" by Gwendolyn Brooks are examples of what?
free verse
poetry without regular meter or rhyme scheme
free verse
"The Fog", a poem by Carl Sandburg, is a two stanza, eight line poem where the end words do not rhyme. What is this an example of?
rhyme scheme
the pattern formed by words that rhyme, sound alike, at the end of each line in a given poem
rhyme scheme
The poetic form known as limerick is aabba ________ ________
quatrain
a stanza or poem of four lines in which the four lines can be written in any rhyme scheme
quatrain
An elegy, a poem of mourning, by Thomas Gray called "An Elegy Written In A Country Churchyard" has stanzas consisting of four lines. What is this an example of?
couplet
When there are two rhyming consecutive lines in a poem
couplet
The panther is like a leopard,
Except it had not been peppered.
This poem is an example of what?
elegy
A poem of mourning written for someone who has died
elegy
Two well-known _________ are: "______ In A Country Churchyard" and "________ To An Athlete Dying Young"
ballad
a song or song-like poem that tells a sad story of betrayal, death, or loss
ballad
"The Wreck of Edmund Fitzgerald" by Gordon Lightfoot, tells the story of an iron ore carrier that sank in Lake Superior during a storm in Nov 1972. What is this an example of?
sonnet
a 14 line poem usually written in iambic pentameter (5 stressed and 5 unstressed syllables)
sonnet
Shakespeare wrote many poems consisting of 14 lines. What is this an example of?
haiku
a form of Japanese poetry which consists of 5/7/5 syllables per three line stanza
haiku
"An old silent pond
A frog jumps into the pond
Splash, silence again"
What is this an example of?
meter
a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables present in a line of poetry
meter
Iambic pentameter has a pattern of five stressed and five unstressed syllables per line. What is this an example of?
drama
A story written to be performed by an audience
drama
"The Diary of Anne Frank", based on her memoir, was preformed on Broadway in 1955. What is this an example of?
text
written material, the main portion of a book
text
Our literature textbook contains hundreds of pages of _______ which is the main portion of this book.
footnote
an explanatory note or comment found at the bottom of a page of text
footnote
From "The Monkeys Paw" by W.W. Jacob's, at the bottom of the page is the following ________.
11 talisman-something thought to have magical powers
glossary
a dictionary which is located in the book's appendix, contains content specific vocabulary
glossary
In our textbook, the "Handbook of Literery Terms" is where the content specific terms such as biography, diction, and fable are located. What is this an example of?
bibliography
the list of sources used preparation of a given text
bibliography
In writing your humanitarian report and persuasive essay, you were required to list the sources used. What is this an example of?
flashback
Occurs when there's an interruption in the flow of the plot to return to an earlier time.
flashback
In the drama "The Diary of Anne Frank", the play opens after the events of WWII but when Mr. Frank opens Anne's diary the audience is transported back into the recent past. What is this an example of?
flash forward
Happens when there is an interruption in the flow of the plot to move ahead to a later time, or an interjection of a future event.
flash forward
In "The Time Travelers Wife", Claire's husband frequently travels into the future and bounces back into the present. What is this an example of?
propaganda
biased and or misleading information which is used to sway or influence the view points and behaviors of readers, listeners, and/or viewers
propaganda
The Germans described the Jewish deportations as "settlements" and claimed that those taken were being treated decently. At the same time, Britain announced that the Polish Jews were taken to prison camps and being gassed. Germany's depiction is an example of what?
table of contents
A list of chapters and sections in a text; this list appears at the front of the text
table of contents
In our "Elements of Literature" textbook, the _____ __ ________ is organized into genres.
arguement
a claim supported by at least one reason
argument
Knitting benefits ones emotional health. It's repetitive nature provides a calming effect. What is this statement an example of?
evidence
data, statistics, and facts, in fictional literature - characters thoughts, statements, and actions, and a characters reputation - what others say about him or her - others who are reliable in the showing of that character
evidence
In an article on memory and the brain, the fact that doing puzzles can help your memory is an example of _______.