133 terms

Texas Transportation Code

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Persons
Operator - a person who drives or has physical control of a vehicle
Owner - a person who has a property interest in or title to a vehicle
Pedestrian - a person on foot
School crossing guard - a person who is:
at least 18 years of age,
and is designated by a local authority to direct traffic in a school crossing zone,
for the protection of children going to or leaving school
Governmental Authorities
means the Department of Public Safety acting directly or through its authorized officers and agents.
Local Authority
means: a county, municipality, other local entity authorized to enact traffic laws under the laws of this state; or
a school district created under the laws of this state only when it is designating school crossing guards for schools operated by the district.
Police Officer
means an officer authorized to direct traffic or arrest persons who violate traffic regulations.*
* do not confuse with Penal Code definition of Peace Officer
State
a state of the United States (includes a province of Canada)
Metropolitan Area
means an area that: contains at least one municipality with a population of at least 100,000 and, includes adjacent municipalities and unincorporated urban districts.
Business District
means the territory adjacent to a highway (Highway is defined as the width between the boundary lines of a publicly maintained way any part of which is open to the public for vehicular travel - TC 541.302) if buildings are used for business or industrial purposes.
Urban District
means the territory adjacent to a highway, if the territory:
is not in a municipality; and
is improved with structures that are used for business, industry or dwelling houses and located at intervals of less than 100 feet for a distance of at least 1/4 mile on either side of the highway
Can we have Business, Residence, Urban districts in Arlington?
Can we have a business district in Arlington?
Yes
Can we have a residence district in Arlington?
Yes
Can We have an urban district in Arlington?
No
Authorized Emergency Vehicle
a fire department or police vehicle, a public or private ambulance, Municipal department or public service corporation emergency vehicle authorized by municipality. A private vehicle of a volunteer firfighter or a certified EMS employee when responding to a fire or medical emergency. Industrial emergency response vehicle, Blood or tissue bank vehicle when making emergency deliveries
Bicycle
a device that a person may ride and that is
propelled by human power
and has two tandem wheels
at least one of which is more than 14 inches in diameter
Bus
a motor vehicle used to transport persons and designed to accommodate more than 10 passengers, including the operator; Or a motor vehicle, other than a taxi,
designed and used to transport persons for compensation
Farm tractor
a motor vehicle designed and used primarily as a farm implement to draw an implement of husbandry, including a plow or mowing machine.
House Trailer
a trailer or semi-trailer, other than a recreational vehicle, that:
is transportable in one or more sections, is less than 40 feet in length,
built on a permanent chassis, designed as a dwelling or for commercial purposes, and
includes plumbing, heating, A/C, and electrical systems
Implement of Husbandry
a vehicle, other than a passenger car, that is designed and adapted for use as a farm implement, machinery, or tool for tilling the soil.
Light Truck
a truck, including a pickup truck, panel delivery truck, or carryall truck, that has a rated carrying capacity of 2000 lbs. or less.
Moped
a motor-driven cycle that cannot attain a speed in one mile of more than 30 mph and the engine which:
cannot produce more than 2 hp
has a piston displacement of 50cubic cm or less and connects to a power drive system that does not require the operator to shift gears.
Motorcycle
a motor vehicle, other than a tractor, that is equipped with a rider's saddle and designed to have not more than 3 wheels on the ground.
Motor-driven cycle
a motorcycle equipped with a motor that has an engine piston displacement of 250 cubic cm or less.
Motor Vehicle
a self-propelled vehicle or
a vehicle that is propelled by electric power from overhead trolley wires.
This term does not include an electric bicycle, or electric personal assistive mobility device.
Multifunction school activity bus
It is manufactured in compliance with the federal motor vehicle safety standards for school buses However, they do not have: alternately flashing red lights and movable stop arms, Vehicle is used to transport preprimary, primary, or secondary students on a school-related activity trip Not used for routes to and from school. The term does not include a school bus, a school activity bus, a school-chartered bus, or a bus operated by a mass transit authority.
Passenger Car
a motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle, used to transport persons and designed to accommodate 10 or fewer passengers, including the operator
Pole Trailer
a vehicle without motive power;
designed to be drawn by another vehicle and secured to the other vehicle by pole, reach, boom, or other security device ordinarily used to transport a long or irregularly shaped load, including poles, pipes, or structural members, generally capable of sustaining themselves as beams between supporting connections.
Police Vehicle
a vehicle used by a peace officer for law enforcement purposes that is:
owned or leased by a government entity; owned or leased by the police department of a private institution of higher education that commissions peace officers (TCU, SMU, etc., etc.) a private vehicle owned or leased by the peace officer; and approved for use for law enforcement purposes by the head of the law enforcement agency that employs the peace officer or by that person's designee,
provided that use of the private vehicle complies with any rule adopted by the commissioners court of a county under Section 170.001, Local Government Code,
( Sec 170.001 Local Govt. Code allows county commissioners court to create rules prohibiting or regulating the use of a privately owned motor vehicle for the performance of county business or law enforcement duties by a sheriff or constable or a deputy of a sheriff or constable.) And the private vehicle may not be considered an authorized emergency vehicle for exemption purposes under Section 228.054, 284.070, 366.178 , or 370.177, Transportation Code (laws regarding to payment of tolls on State Highways, County roadways, Turn pikes and toll ways) unless the vehicle is marked.
School activity bus
a bus designed to transport more than 15 passengers, including the operator, Owned, operated, rented, or leased by a school district, county school, open-enrollment charter school, regional education service center, or shared services arrangement, used to transport public school students on a school-related activity trip. Does not include a chartered bus, a bus operated by a mass transit authority, or a school bus or a multifunction school activity bus.
School Bus
a motor vehicle used to transport pre-primary, primary, or secondary students On a route to or from school or on a school related activity trip
Term does not include a school-chartered bus or bus operated by a mass transit authority
Special Mobile Equipment
a vehicle not designed or used primarily to transport persons or property and that is only incidentally operated on a highway. Excludes a vehicle that is designed to transport persons or property and that has machinery attached, including a house trailer, dump truck, truck-mounted transit mixer, crane, and shovel.
The term includes:
Ditch digging apparatus,
well boring apparatus
road construction and maintenance machinery
asphalt spreader
bituminous mixer
bucket loader
tractor
ditcher
levelling grader
Finishing machine
motor grader
road roller
scarifier
earth-moving carryall and scraper
power shovel or dragline
self propelled crane
earth moving equipment
Towable recreational vehicle
a non-motorized vehicle that is designed: to be towable by a motor vehicle; and for temporary human habitation for uses including recreational camping or seasonal use;
is permanently built on a single chassis; may contain one or more life-support systems; and
may be used permanently or temporarily for advertising, selling, displaying, or promoting merchandise or services, but is not used for transporting property for hire or for distribution by a private motor carrier
Trailer
a vehicle, other than a pole trailer, with or without motive power;
designed to be drawn by a motor vehicle and to transport persons or property;
and constructed so that no part of the vehicle's weight and load rests on the motor vehicle
Truck
a motor vehicle designed, used or maintained primarily to transport property
Truck Tractor
a motor vehicle designed to primarily to draw another vehicle but not constructed to carry a load other than a part of the weight of the other vehicle and its load
Vehicle
a device that can be used to transport or draw persons or property on a highway. The term does not include: a device exclusively used on stationary rails or tracks; or
manufactured housing
Traffic
means pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, and conveyances, including vehicles and streetcars, singly or together while using a highway for the purposes of travel.
Freeway
a divided, controlled access highway for through traffic
Highway or Street
the width between the boundary lines of a publicly maintained way any part of which is open to the public for vehicular travel
Safety Zone
area in roadway officially designated for exclusive pedestrian use that is
protected or so marked, or
indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times.
School Crossing Zone
a reduced speed zone designated on a street by a local authority to facilitate safe crossing of the street by children going to or leaving a public or private elementary or secondary school during the time the reduced speed limit applies
School Crosswalk
a crosswalk designated on a street by a local authority to facilitate safe crossing of the street by children going to or leaving a public or private elementary or secondary school
Shoulder
the portion of a highway that is: adjacent to the roadway;
designed or ordinarily used for parking; distinguished from the roadway by different design, construction, or marking; and
not intended for normal vehicular travel
Sidewalk
the portion of a street that is:
between a curb or lateral line of a roadway and the adjacent property line; and intended for pedestrian use
Intersection
means the common area at the junction of two highways, other than the junction of an alley and a highway
The dimensions of an intersection include only the common area:
within the connection of the lateral curb lines, or in the absence of curb lines, the lateral boundary lines of the roadways intersecting highways that join at approximate right angles; or at the place where vehicles could collide if traveling on roadways of intersecting highways that join at any angle other than an approximate right angle
Each junction of each roadway of a highway
that includes two roadways at least 30 feet apart with the roadway of an intersecting highway, including each roadway of an intersecting highway that includes two roadways at least 30 feet apart, is a separate intersection
Traffic Control
Official traffic control device - a sign, signal, marking, or device that is:
consistent with this subtitle;
placed or erected by a public body or officer having jurisdiction; and
used to regulate, warn, or guide traffic
Railroad Sign or Signal
Railroad sign or signal - a sign, signal, or device erected by a railroad, public body, or public officer to notify traffic of railroad tracks or an approaching train
Traffic
control signal - a manual, electric, or mechanical device that alternately directs traffic to stop and to proceed
Daytime
the period beginning one-half hour before sunrise and ending one-half hour after sunset
Explosive
a chemical compound or mechanical mixture that: is commonly intended for use or used to produce an explosion; and contains ingredients, which may include oxidizing or combustive units, in packing, proportions, or quantities that, if ignited by fire, friction, concussion, percussion, or detonator, could suddenly generate highly heated gases that could damage surrounding objects or destroy life or limb.
Flammable Liquid
a liquid that has a flash point of not more than 70 degrees Fahrenheit
Gross Vehicle Weight
the weight of a vehicle and the weight of its load
Nighttime
the period beginning one-half hour after sunset and ending one-half hour before sunrise
Park or Parking
to stand an occupied or unoccupied vehicle, other than temporarily loading or unloading merchandise or passengers
Personal Injury
an injury to any part of the human body and that requires treatment
Right-of-way
the right of one vehicle or pedestrian to proceed in a lawful manner
in preference to another vehicle or pedestrian that is approaching
from a direction, at a speed, and within a proximity that could cause a collision unless one grants precedence to the other.
Stand or Standing
to halt an occupied or unoccupied vehicle, other than temporarily while receiving or discharging passengers.
Stop or Stopping
means; when required, to completely cease movement; and when prohibited to halt, including momentarily halting, an occupied or unoccupied vehicle unless necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or to comply with the directions of a police officer or a traffic-control sign or signal.
"Dispose" and "Dump"
mean to discharge, deposit, inject, spill, leak, or place litter on or into land or water.
Litter
means: decayable waste from a public or private establishment, residence, or restaurant, including animal and vegetable waste material from a market or storage facility handling or storing produce or other food products, or the handling, preparation, cooking, or consumption of food, but not including sewage, body wastes, or industrial by-products; or
Non-decayable solid waste, except ashes, that consists of:
combustible waste material, including paper, rags, cartons, wood, excelsior, furniture, rubber, plastics, yard trimmings, leaves, or similar materials;
noncombustible waste material, including glass, crockery, tin or aluminum cans, metal furniture, and similar materials that do not burn at ordinary incinerator temperatures of 1800 degrees Fahrenheit or less; and

discarded or worn-out manufactured materials and machinery, including motor vehicles and parts of motor vehicles, tires, aircraft, farm implements, building or construction materials, appliances, and scrap metal
Illegal Dumping; Disgarding Lighted materials
A person commits an offense if the person disposes or allows or permits the disposal of litter or other solid waste at a place that is not an approved solid waste site, including a place on or within 300 feet of a public highway, on a right-of-way, on other public or private property, or into inland or coastal water of the state.
(a-1) A person commits an offense if:
(1) the person discards lighted litter, including a match, cigarette, or cigar, onto open-space land, a private road or the right-of-way of a private road, a public highway or other public road or the right-of-way of a public highway or other public road, or a railroad right-of-way; and
(2) a fire is ignited as a result of the conduct.
Illegal Dumping; Disgarding Lighted materials (2)
A person commits an offense if the person transports litter or other solid waste to a place that is not an approved solid waste site for disposal at the site.
Illegal Dumping; Disgarding Lighted materials (1)
A person commits an offense if the person receives litter or other solid waste for disposal at a place that is not an approved solid waste site, regardless of whether the litter or other solid waste or the land on which the litter or other solid waste is disposed is owned or controlled by the person.
Penalties : Illegal Dumping; Disgarding Lighted materials
An offense under Subsection (a), (b), or (c) is a Class C misdemeanor
if the litter or other solid waste to which the offense applies weighs five pounds or less or has a volume of five gallons or less. An offense under Subsection (a), (b), or (c) is a Class B misdemeanor
if the litter or other solid waste to which the offense applies weighs more than five pounds but less than 500 pounds or has a volume of more than five gallons but less than 100 cubic feet.
Penalties : Illegal Dumping; Disgarding Lighted materials (a-1)
An offense under Subsection (a-1) is a misdemeanor under this subsection
if the litter or other solid waste to which the offense applies weighs less than 500 pounds or has a volume of less than 100 cubic feet and is punishable by:
a fine not to exceed $500;
confinement in jail for a term not to exceed 30 days; or
both such fine and confinement
Illegal Dumping; Disgarding Lighted materials (a-1)
(a-1) A person commits an offense if:
(1) the person discards lighted litter, including a match, cigarette, or cigar, onto open-space land, a private road or the right-of-way of a private road, a public highway or other public road or the right-of-way of a public highway or other public road, or a railroad right-of-way; and
(2) a fire is ignited as a result of the conduct.
Illegal Dumping; Disgarding Lighted materials Penalties
An offense under this section is a Class A misdemeanor if:
the litter or other solid waste to which the offense applies weighs 500 pounds or more but less than 1,000 pounds or has a volume of 100 cubic feet or more but less than 200 cubic feet; or
the litter or other solid waste is disposed for a commercial purpose and weighs more than five pounds but less than 200 pounds or has a volume of more than five gallons but less than 200 cubic feet
Illegal Dumping; Disgarding Lighted materials Penalties Felony
An offense under this section is a state jail felony
if the litter or solid waste to which the offense applies:
weighs 1,000 pounds or more or has a volume of 200 cubic feet or more;
is disposed of for a commercial purpose and weighs 200 pounds or more or has a volume of 200 cubic feet or more; or
is contained in a closed barrel or drum.
Vehicles on highways
A provision of this subtitle relating to the operation of a vehicle applies only to the operation of a vehicle on a highway unless the provision specifically applies to a different place
Government vehicles
A provision of this subtitle applicable to an operator of a vehicle applies to
the operator of a vehicle owned or operated by the United States,
this state, or a political subdivision of this state, except as specifically provided otherwise by this subtitle for an emergency vehicle
Animals and animal-drawn vehicles
A person riding an animal on a roadway or operating a vehicle drawn by an animal on a roadway has the rights and duties applicable to the operator of a vehicle under this subtitle, except a right or duty that by its nature cannot apply to person riding an animal or operating an vehicle drawn by an animal.
Persons and equipment engaged in work on a highway surface
This subtitle does not apply to a person,team,motor vehicle,or other equipment engaged in work on a highway unless the provision is specifically made applicable,
persons or vehicles traveling to or from that work are not exempt
Rules on private property
This subtitle does not prevent an owner of private property that is a private road from: regulating or prohibiting use of the property by the public for vehicular travel; or requiring conditions different from or in addition to those specified in this subtitle.
Speed restrictions on private roads
Owners of property abutting a private road may petition the Texas Transportation Commission to extend speed restrictions to the portion of the road in a subdivision or across adjacent subdivisions if;
the road is not in a municipality
the total number of residents in subdivision(s) is at least 400, and
a plat for subdivision(s) has been on filed in deed records of the county
After verifying petition, the commission may extend the speed restrictions to the private road if it is the interests of the area residents or general public
OPERATORS OF CERTAIN MOBILITY DEVICES
In this section, motorized mobility device means a device designed for transportation of persons with physical disabilities that:has three or more wheels; is propelled by a battery-powered motor; has not more than one forward gear; and is not capable of speeds exceeding eight miles per hour. For the purposes of this subtitle, a person operating a non-motorized wheelchair or motorized mobility device is considered to be a pedestrian.
General rule of uniformity
This subtitle applies uniformly throughout this state.
A local authority may not enact or enforce an ordinance or rule that conflicts with this subtitle unless expressly authorized by this subtitle
A local authority may regulate traffic in a manner that does not conflict with this subtitle.
Powers of local authorities
This subtitle does not prevent a local authority from: regulating traffic by police or traffic control devices, regulating the stopping, standing, or parking of a vehicle, regulating or prohibiting a procession or assemblage on a highway, regulating the operation and requiring registration of a bicycle or electric bicycle including payment of a registration fee, regulating the time, place, or manner in which a roller skater may use a highway, public park
regulating or prohibiting the turning of a vehicle or specified type of vehicle at an intersection,
designating an intersection as a stop or yield intersection
designating a highway as a through highway*,

designating a highway as a one-way highway and requiring each vehicle on the highway to move in one specified direction
designating school crossing guards and school crossing zones altering a speed limit as authorized by this subtitle


TC 542.202(b)(2) Through highway" means a highway or a portion of a highway on which:
(A) vehicular traffic is given preferential right-of-way; and
(B) vehicular traffic entering from an intersecting highway is required by law to yield right-of-way in compliance with an official traffic-control device.
General Offense
A person commits an offense if
the person performs an act prohibited or fails to perform an act required by this subtitle
Except as other wise provided, an offense under this subtitle is a misdemeanor.
Offense by Person Owning or Controlling Vehicl
A person who owns a vehicle
or employs or otherwise directs the operator of a vehicle
commits an offense if the person requires or knowingly permits the operator of the vehicle to operate the vehicle in a manner that violates law.
Inchoate Offense
A person who attempts to commit or conspires to commit an act declared by this subtitle to be an offense is guilty of the offense A person who falsely,
fraudulently, or willfully permits another to violate this subtitle is guilty of the violation.
General Penalty
A person convicted of an offense that is a misdemeanor under this subtitle for which another penalty is not provided shall be punished by fine of
not less than $1 or more than $200
Fine for Offense in Construction Zone or Maintenance Work Zone
offense under this subtitle is committed in a construction or maintenance work zone when workers are present and any written notice to appear issued for the offense states on its face that workers were present when the offense was committed: the minimum fine applicable to the offense is twice the minimum fine that would be applicable to the offense if it were committed outside a construction or maintenance work zone; and
the maximum fine applicable to the offense is twice the maximum fine that would be applicable to the offense if it were committed outside a construction or maintenance work zone.
Penalties for Failure to Yield Right-of-way Offense Resulting in Accident
If it is shown on the trial of an offense under this subtitle in which an element is the failure by the operator of a vehicle to yield the right-of-way to another vehicle that an accident resulted from the operator's failure to yield the right-of-way: the offense is punishable by a fine of not less than $500 or more than $2,000, if a person other than the operator of the vehicle suffered bodily injury, as defined by Section 1.07, Penal Code, in the accident;
the offense is punishable by a fine of not less than $1,000 or more than $4,000, if a person other than the operator of the vehicle suffered serious bodily injury, as defined by Section 1.07, Penal Code, in the accident.
Obedience required to police officers and school crossing guards
A person may not willfully fail or refuse to comply with the lawful order or direction of:
a police officer; or a school crossing guard who is performing crossing guard duties in a school crosswalk to stop and yield to a pedestrian
Arrest without a warrant authorized
Any peace officer may arrest without a warrant a person found committing a violation of this subtitle
Person arrested to be taken before a magistrate
Person arrested shall be taken immediately before a magistrate if arrested on charge of fail to stop at an accident causing property damage
the person demands immediate appearance before magistrate or refuses to sign promise to appear Must be taken to magistrate who has jurisdiction
is in the same county of offense; and is nearest or most accessible
Notice to appear required:person not taken to magistrate
Person not taken to magistrate shall be issued a written notice to appear in court in duplicate showing: time and place person is to appear the offense charged
the name and address of person charged if applicable, the license number of the person's vehicle
Notice to appear required:certain offenses
An officer shall issue a written notice to appear if: the offense is speeding or a violation of the open container law PC 49.03 * and the person makes a written promise to appear in court
*(only offenses where issuance of written notice is mandatory)
Promise to appear; release
To secure release the person must: make a written promise to appear by signing the written notice The officer shall retain the original, and give a copy to the violator The officer shall promptly release the person from custody
Time and place of appearance
The time specified must be at least 10 days after the date of arrest (offense) The place must be before magistrate having jurisdiction
Violation by Officer
Violation of Section 543.003 thru 5434.007 is misconduct in office and the officer is subject to removal from the officer's position.
Compliance with or violation of promise to appear
Person may comply with promise to appear by appearance of counsel person who willfully violates promise to appear commits a misdemeanor (FTA -fail to appear)
Specifications of speeding charge
The complaint and the summons or notice to appear on a charge of speeding must specify: the maximum or minimum speed limit applicable at the location
the speed the defendant is alleged to have driven
Persons Licensed by State Department or Claiming Diplomatic or Consular Immunity
This section applies to a person who is stopped or issued a notice to appear by a peace officer in connection with a violation of:

this subtitle;
Section 49.03 (Possession of Alcohol in Motor vehicle) or 49.04 (DWI), Penal Code; or
Section 49.07 (Intoxication Assault) or 49.08 (Intoxication Manslaughter), Penal Code, involving operation of a motor vehicle; and presents to the peace officer a driver's license issued by the United States Department of State or claims immunities or privileges under 22 U.S.C. Chapter 6. (Diplomatic or Consular Immunity)
A peace officer who stops or issues a notice to appear to a person to whom this section applies shall:
record all relevant information from any driver's license or identification card presented by the person or any statement made by the person relating to immunities or privileges and
promptly deliver the record to the law enforcement agency that employs the peace officer.
The law enforcement agency shall:
as soon as practicable contact the United States Department of State to verify the person's status and immunity, if any; andnot later than the fifth working day after the date of the stop or issuance of the notice to appear, send to the Bureau of Diplomatic Security Office of Foreign Missions of the United States Department of State the following:
a copy of any notice to appear issued to the person and any accident report prepared; or
if a notice to appear was not issued and an accident report was not prepared, a written report of the incident.
All-terrain Vehicle
motor vehicle equipped with
a saddle for use of rider and passenger Three or more tires
Designed for off-highway use
Not for farming or lawn care
Not more than 50 inches wide
Commercial motor vehicle
a motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle, designed or used primarily to transport property.
The term includes a passenger car reconstructed and used primarily for delivery purposes.
The term does not include a passenger car used to deliver the United States mail.
Farm semitrailer or farm trailer
a vehicle designed and used primarily as a farm vehicle.
Golf cart
a motor vehicle designed by the manufacturer primarily for use on a golf course.
Operate temporarily on the highways
means to travel between:
different farms; a place of supply or storage and a farm; or
an owner's farm and the place at which the owner's farm produce is prepared for market or is marketed.
Public Property
means property owned or leased by this state or a political subdivision of this state.
Recreational off-highway vehicle
a motor vehicle equipped with
a non-straddle seat for the use of rider and passenger Four or more tires Manufactured for off-highway use Not used primarily for farming or lawn care
Registration Required; General Rule
Not more than 30 days after purchasing a vehicle or becoming a resident of this state, the owner of a motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer shall apply for the registration of the vehicle for: each registration year in which the vehicle is used or to be used on a public highway; if the vehicle is unregistered for a registration year that has begun and that applies to the vehicle and if the vehicle is used or to be used on a public highway, the remaining portion of that registration year.
Issuance of Registration Insignia
On payment of the prescribed fee an applicant for motor vehicle registration shall be issued a registration insignia.
the registration insignia for validation of a license plate shall be :
attached to the inside of the vehicle's windshield
within six inches of the motor vehicle inspection sticker
If the vehicle does not have a windshield, the owner shall notify the department, and the department shall issue a distinctive device for attachment to the rear license plate of the vehicle.
The registration insignia shall be attached to the rear license plate of the vehicle, if the vehicle is:
a motorcycle; machinery used exclusively to drill water wells or construction machinery or
oil well servicing, oil clean out, or oil well drilling machinery
Certain Off-Highway Vehicles
may not register an all-terrain vehicle or a recreational off-highway vehicle, with or without design alterations, for operation on a public highway.
EXCEPTIONS: State, County, Municipality may register to be used on public beaches or highway
Operation of vehicle with expired license plates: A person commits an offense if, after the fifth working day after the date the registration expires:
the person operates on a public highway a motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer that has attached to it a license plate for the preceding period; and
the license plate has not been validated by the attachment of a registration insignia for the registration period in effect.
(Dismissal options) A justice of the peace or municipal court may dismiss a charge of driving with an expired motor vehicle registration if the defendant:
remedies the defect not later than the 20th working day after the date of the offense or before the defendant's first court appearance date, whichever is later; and establishes that the fee prescribed by Section 502.176 (delinquent registration fee) has been paid; and pays an administrative fee not to exceed $20 when the charge is dismissed.
(General Penalty)Operation of vehicle with expired license plates
A person commits an offense if the person violates a provision of this chapter and no other penalty is prescribed for the violation. Unless otherwise specified, an offense under this section is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine not to exceed $200.
Operation of vehicle under improper registration
Offense if person operates on public highway a motor vehicle that has not been registered or registered for class other than one to which it belongs
Operation of vehicle without registration insignia
(a) commits an offense if person operates on a public highway a motor vehicle that does not properly display the registration insignia that establishes that the license plates have been validated.
(b) commits an offense if person operates on a public highway a road tractor, motorcycle, trailer, or semitrailer that does not display a registration insignia that establishes that the vehicle is registered.
(c) does not apply to a dealer operating a vehicle as provided by law.
OPERATION OF ONE-TRIP PERMIT VEHICLE
A person commits an offense if the person operates a vehicle for which a one-trip permit is required without the registration receipt and properly displayed temporary tag.
Wrong, fictitious, altered, or obscured insignia
A person commits an offense if the person attaches to or displays on a motor vehicle a registration insignia that
Is assigned to a different motor vehicle Assigned to a vehicle under any other motor vehicle law Assigned for a period other than the period in effect (expired) Is fictitious misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than $200,
If owner knowingly altered or made illegible the letters, numbers, and other identification marks, the offense is a Class B misdemeanor.
Wrong, fictitious, altered, or obscured insignia Dismissal options
A court may dismiss a charge brought under Subsection (a)(3) (expired) if the defendant:
remedies the defect before the defendant's first court appearance; and pays an administrative fee not to exceed $10.
Operation of Vehicle without License Plate
a person commits an offense if the person operates on a public highway, a motor vehicle that does not display two license plates that: have been assigned by the department for the period; and comply with department rules regarding the placement of license plates.
Wrong, fictitious, altered, or obscured license plate
Offense if person attaches or displays on motor vehicle a license plate that is issued to a different vehicle issued for the vehicle under any other vehicle law other than by department (Example: Republic of Texas)
Assigned for a registration period other than period in effect (expired)
is fictitious (Class B misdemeanor)
Has blurring or reflective matter that
significantly impairs the readability of the name of the state in which the vehicle is registered or the letters or numbers of the license plate number at any time has an attached illuminated device or sticker, decal, emblem or other insignia not authorized by law and interferes with readability of letters or numbers of the license plate number or name of the state in which the vehicle is registered (rainbow, college, etc.,)
has a coating, covering, protective substance or other material that distorts
angular visibility
detectability
alters or obscures one-half or more of the name of the state in which the vehicle is registered or
alters or obscures the letters or numbers of the license plate number or the color of the plate
Dealer's temporary tags
Dealer may issue temp tag for use on an unregistered vehicle only to; demonstrate to prospective buyer convey vehicle from one of dealer's businesses in this state to another of the dealer's businesses in this state
from dealer's business to a place to be repaired, reconditioned, or serviced From state line or location in this state where vehicle is unloaded to the dealer's business
from the dealer's business to another dealer's business
from point of purchase by dealer to the dealer's business
to road test the vehicle, or
use the vehicle or allow use by a charitable organization
Subsection does not prohibit a dealer from permitting:
(1) a prospective buyer to operate a vehicle while the vehicle is being demonstrated; or
(2) a customer to operate a vehicle temporarily while the customer's vehicle is being repaired.
Charitable organization is defined as
An organization to relieve poverty,to advance education, religion, or science, to promote health, for governmental or municipal purposes, for other purposes beneficial to the community without financial gain
Buyer's temporary tags
Dealer shall issue to buyer of a vehicle one temporary buyer's tag for the vehicle. tag is valid until the earlier of the date on which the vehicle is registered
Or the 60th day after date of purchase
Buyer's Temporary Tag Database
The department shall develop and maintain a secure, real-time database of information on persons to whom temporary buyer's tags are issued that may be used by a law enforcement agency in the same manner that the agency uses vehicle registration information. The database shall be managed by the vehicle titles and registration division of the department.The database must allow law enforcement agencies to use a vehicle-specific number assigned to and displayed on the tag to obtain information about the person to whom the tag was issued.
Removal of License Plates and Registration Insignia Upon Sale of Motor Vehicle
A person who obtains a motor vehicle in a private transaction may obtain one vehicle transit permit (temporary single-trip permit), if the seller or transferor has removed the license plates and registration insignia. This permit is valid for five calendar days, only one permit may be issued per vehicle sale and must be carried in the vehicle.
Limitation on Use of Dealer's License Plates and Tags
A dealer or an employee of a dealer may not use a dealer's temporary tag as authorization to operate a vehicle for the dealer's or employee's personal use. A person may not use a metal dealer's license plate or dealer's temporary tag on:
A service or work vehicle
A commercial vehicle carrying a load
License
an authorization to operate a motor vehicle that is issued under or granted by the laws of this state. The term includes:
Driver's license The privilege to operate a motor vehicle regardless of whether the person holds a driver's license (military) Nonresident's operating privilege
Nonresident
a person who is not a resident of this state
License to be carried and exhibited on demand
Person required to have DL shall while operating MV
have in their possession a class of license appropriate for type of vehicle being operated and
display the license on the demand of magistrate, court officer, or peace officer
Defense if person shows DL in court that was Issued to that person For the type of vehicle person was driving and
Was valid at the time of the offense Court may dismiss for admin fee $10
Dismissal of Expired License Charge
Judge may dismiss charge if defendant remedies within 20 working days or before court date whichever is later
May assess an administrative fee of $20
Persons exempt for license requirement
Person in service of state or US military forces while operating official vehicle in scope of that service person operating road machine, farm tractor, or implement of husbandry unless vehicle is Commercial MV as defined 522.003
Operation of Motor Vehicle by New State Residents
Requires new resident operating a vehicle in Texas to obtain TX DL no later than 90 days If 16 or older and
Has DL issued by person's previous state or country
NOTICE OF CHANGE OF ADDRESS OR NAME
applies to a person who:
after applying for or being issued a license or certificate moves to a new residence address; has used the procedure under Section 521.121(c) (Ability to omit the license holder's residence address on the license) and whose status as a federal judge, a state judge, or the spouse of a federal or state judge becomes inapplicable; or
changes the person's name by marriage or otherwise.

A person subject to this section shall notify the department of the change not later than the 30th day after the date on which the change takes effect and apply for a duplicate license or certificate as provided by Section 521.146.
EMERGENCY CONTACT AND MEDICAL INFORMATION DATABASES
The department shall maintain in its files a record of the
name, address, and telephone number of the person(s) that have been identified by the holder of a driver's license or personal identification certificate that are to be contacted in the event that the holder is injured or dies in or as a result of a vehicular accident or another emergency situation.
A record maintained by the department is confidential and, on request, may be disclosed:
only to a peace officer in this or another state; only if the peace officer is otherwise authorized to obtain information in the driver's license or personal identification certificate files of the department; and
only for the purpose of making contact with a named individual to report the injury to or death of the holder of the driver's license or personal identification certificate,
learn the nature of any medical information reported by the person who holds the driver's license or identification certificate, or learn whether the person who holds the driver's license or identification certificate has a health condition that may impede communications with the peace officer.