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AP World History- Chapter 6 Test
Terms in this set (38)
nomads from Europe and Asia who migrated to India and finally settled
Third ruler of the Mauryan Empire in India. Converted to Buddhism and publicated his commands on inscribed stones and pillars, the earliest surviving Indian writing.
The most important work of Indian sacred literature, a dialouge between a great warrior Arjuna and the god Krishna and the fate of the spirit
-future Buddhas -experienced enlightenment -stopped from entering Nirvana (wanted to help others achieve it)
-Stone monument on Java (Indonesian Island) -Buddhist symbolic narrative for the stages of enlightenment
A high area of land at the center of the Indian subcontinent.
survivors of the Indus Valley civilization; the people that the Aryans conquered
-early complex society -rice-growing region - controlled passage of trade across the Malaysian isthmus
-powerful Indian state -on capitol at Pataliputra (like the Mauryan Empire) in the Ganges Valley
Wide variety of beliefs and ritual practices that have developed in the Indian subconitinent.
A large, relitaively, self-contained landmass forming a sudivision of a continent.
Seasonal winds in the Indian ocean caused by the differences in termperature between the landmasses of Africa and Asia. Useful for transportation and agriculture.
The four major social divisions in India's caste system: the Brahmin priest class, the Kshatriya warrior/administrator class, the Vaishya merchant/farmer class, and the Shudra laborer class.
Outcastes of the Indian social classes.
(Hinduism and Buddhism) the effects of a person's actions that determine his destiny in his next incarnation
(Hinduism) an ancient language of India (developed by the Aryans)
A mating system involving one female and many males.
a system of exercises practiced as part of the Hindu discipline to promote control of the body and mind
The Hindu concept of the spirit's 'liberation' from the endless cycle of rebirths.
its belief is that everything has a soul, and its purpose was to cleanse the soul.
"The Middle Path'
The path that all Buddhists want to follow; not too much pleasure, and not too much suffering.
the lasting peace that Buddhists seek by giving up selfish desires
religious buildings that originally housed Buddha relics. Stupas developed into familiar Buddhist architecture
hindu devotional worship of deities at home or in a temple
-acquires prestige and power through elaborate and attractive cultural forms and public ceremonies
-attracts and binds subjects to the center
-ex: Gupta Empire
Hindu custom that called for a wife to join her husband in death by throwing herself on his funeral pyre (burned in flames)
Ganges River Delta
LARGEST delta in the world
The first state to unify most of the Indian subcontinent. founded by Chandragupta Maurya -grew wealthy from taxes.
The Vedic Age
the period in which Aryan is in control of Northern India
-hinduism started being recorded in the vedas
Siddartha Gautama (Buddha)
he saw suffering at the age of 29 after his wealthy lifestlye. he achieved nirvana under a tree and spread it through buddhism.
Became the dominant population in Southern Asia.
sacred texts in the Hindu religion, they are a set of four collections of hymns and religious ceremonies transmitted by memory through the centuries by Aryan priests
The first scripture in Hinduism, it has information about spiritual, scientific, and philosophy.
A group of writings sacred in Hinduism concerning the relations of humans, God, and the universe.
Mahabharata and Ramayana
Aryan epic poems composed in Sanskrit which include myths, legends, philosophy, and moral stories.
The kingdoms of southern India, inhabited primarily by speakers of Dravidian languages, which developed in partial isolation, and somewhat differently, from the Aryan north.
Southeast Asian kingdom, based on the island of Sumatra that used a powerful navy to dominate trade.
(Hinduism) a Hindu caste or distinctive social group of which there are thousands throughout India