AP US History: 1800-1812 (Chapter 11)
From the American Pageant version 12 The Triumphs and Travails of the Jeffersonian Republic
Terms in this set (35)
* 3rd President of the United States. chief drafter of the Declaration of Independence; made the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 and sent out the Lewis and Clark Expedition to explore it
*5th president, begins expansionism including Florida and Missouri, as well as reigning over the Era of Good Feelings.author of the Monroe Doctrine.
went with Meriwether Lewis to explore lands west of the mississippi
He was an American politician, diplomat, and Secretary of the Treasury. He was responsible for balancing the budget, which let America purchase the Louisiana territory from France.
He was the U.S. Minister to France from 1801 to 1804. He negotiated the purchase of the Louisiana Territory.
American soldier and explorer whom Pikes Peak in Colorada is named. His Pike expedition often compared to the lewis and Clark expedition, mapped much of the southern portion of the Louisianna Purchase
created the precedent of judicial review; ruled on many early decisions that gave the federal government more power, especially the supreme court
A French general, political leader, and emperor of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Bonaparte rose swiftly through the ranks of army and government during and after the French Revolution and crowned himself emperor in 1804. He conquered much of Europe but lost two-thirds of his army in a disastrous invasion of Russia. After his final loss to Britain and Prussia at the Battle of Waterloo, he was exiled to the island of St. Helena in the south Atlantic Ocean.
served as the 3rd Vice President of the United States. Member of the Republicans and President of the Senate during his Vice Presidency. He was defamed by the press, often by writings of Hamilton. Challenged Hamilton to a duel in 1804 and killed him.
Appointed by Adams as one of the midnight judges. Then, the Secretary of State under Jefferson, Madison, he sued to get it, claiming he was legally owed his commission. The case went to the Supreme Court, where Marshall denied it, on the grounds that the Judiciary Act, on which Marbury based his case, was unconstitutional. This then gave the Supreme Court final say over weather a law is constitutional or not, which had not been established up to that point.
*4th President of the United States. member of the Continental Congress and rapporteur at the Constitutional Convention in 1776; helped frame the Bill of Rights
Tecumseh the Prophet
People feared that the British in Canada would recruit Indians to halt the march of American settlement. A Shawnee chief, Tecumseh and his half-brother the Prophet, sought to unite several tribes in Ohio and the Indiana territory against American settlers. They tried to unify their people and revive traditional virtues.
1797: Led the Haitan Revolution, resulting in an overthrow of French colonial rule in Haiti.
1804: an arrogant Supreme Court justice whom Jefferson urged to impeach; he was charged was based on "high crimes and misdemeanors," when really he had not comitted these things, but rather spoke out against the Jeffersonians; since then, no real attempt has been made to reshape the Supreme Court by means of impeachment
United States explorer and soldier who lead led an expedition from St. Louis to the mouth of the Columbia River (1774-1809); he was sanctioned by Thomas Jefferson to explore west of the Mississippi River and into the Louisiana Purchase
spokesman of the West who was the Speaker of the House of Representatives from 1811 to 1825 and later served several terms in the Senate; promoted the American system which consisted of a national bank, a protective tariff, and the use of federal funds for internal improvements such as roads, canals, and railroads
John Quincy Adams
*Secretary of State, He served as sixth president under Monroe. In 1819, he drew up the Adams-Onis Treaty in which Spain gave the United States Florida in exchange for the United States dropping its claims to Texas. The Monroe Doctrine was mostly Adams' work.
(politics) granting favors or giving contracts or making appointments to office in return for political support
the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional
The political equivalent of an indictment in criminal law, prescribed by the Constitution. The House of Representatives may impeach the president by a majority vote for "Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors."
A British policy that stopped American trading shifts and forced sailors to work in the British Navy which helped to start the War of 1812.
Jefferson came up with the Embargo Act which cut off all trade with all countries. Jefferson hoped this would force the English to come to his terms and stop stealing American sailors. This, however, did not work and greatly hurt American trade.
Battle of Austerlitz
battle between Austria, Russia, and France; the French under Napoleon defeated the Russian armies of Czar Alexander I and the Austrian armies of Emperor Francis II
Judiciary Act of 1789
In 1789 Congress passed this Act which created the federal-court system. The act managed to quiet popular apprehensions by establishing in each state a federal district court that operated according to local procedures.
Judiciary Act of 1801
One of the last important laws passed by the expiring Federalist Congress. It created 16 new federal judgeships and other judicial offices. This was Adams's last attempt to keep Federalists power in the new Republican Congress. His goal was for federalists to dominate the judicial branch of government.
Orders of Council
Set of several trade regulations which established a blockade of part of the continent of Europe and prohibited trade with France. Escalated tensions between Britain and America.
Revolution of 1800
Jefferson's view of his election to presidency. Jefferson claimed that the election of 1800 represented a return to what he considered the original spirit of the Revolution. Jefferson's goals for his revolution were to restore the republican experiment, check the growth of government power, and to halt the decay of virtue that had set in under Federalist rule.
The 16 judges that were added by the Judiciary Act of 1801 that were called this because Adams signed their appointments late on the last day of his administration.
An Incident that took place in 1807 off the coast of Virginia. A royal frigate overhauled a U.S frigate and demanded the surrender of four alleged deserters. The American commander refused the request. The British warship thereupon fired three devastating broadsides at close range killing three Americans and wounding eighteen. Significance: This incident aggravated the Americans and raised tension between the two countries. It also was a major event leading to the war of 1812.
Marbury v. Madison
The 1803 case in which Chief Justice John Marshall and his associates first asserted the right of the Supreme Court to determine the meaning of the U.S. Constitution. The decision established the Court's power of judicial review over acts of Congress, (the Judiciary Act of 1789).
Act that forbade the export of goods from the U.S. in order to hurt the economies of the warring nations of France and Britain. The act slowed the economy of New England and the south. The act was seen as one of many precursors to war.
The U.S., under Jefferson, bought the Louisiana territory from France, under the rule of Napoleon, in 1803. The U.S. paid $15 million for the Louisiana Purchase, and Napoleon gave up his empire in North America. The U.S. gained control of Mississippi trade route and doubled its size; extends from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains and from the Gulf of Mexico to Canada
1809 - Replaced the Embargo of 1807. Unlike the Embargo, which forbade American trade with all foreign nations, this act only forbade trade with France and Britain. It did not succeed in changing British or French policy towards neutral ships, so it was replaced by Macon's Bill No. 2.
name for the navy of jefferson's presidency. Trying to avoid a overly-strong army, he had the navy dwindled down to a few tiny boats.
Macon's Bill no. 2
1810 - Forbade trade with Britain and France, but offered to resume trade with whichever nation lifted its neutral trading restrictions first. France quickly changed its policies against neutral vessels, so the U.S. resumed trade with France, but not Britain.
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THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
AP US History: 1787-1800 (Chapter 10)
AP US History: 1812-1824 (Chapter 12)
AP US History: 1869-1896 (Chapter 23)
AP US History: 1619-1700 (Chapter 3)