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1b. Time signatures & music notation notes
VCE Music Performance 1&2 - Theory. Part 2: Time signatures and glossary terms from chapter 1.
Terms in this set (19)
Raises a note by half a step
Lowers note by half a step
Cancels a sharp or flat
A musical notation indicating the number of beats to a measure and kind of note that takes a beat
'four-four' or 'Simple quadruple time' also known as 'common time'.
There are 4 crotchet (quarter note) beats in a bar.
'three-four' or 'simple triple time'.
It tells you there are three crotchet (quarter note) beats in a bar.
'two-four' or 'simple duple time'.
It tells you there are two crotchet (quarter note) beats in each bar.
The beat is divided into groups of three quavers - The time signature has an 8 on the bottom i.e. 6/8 or 9/8 or 12/8
'six-eight' or 'compound duple time'.
The '6' refers to six beats in each bar.
The '8' refers to quaver beats (or eighth notes).
6 quaver beats in each bar.
Two strong pulses. ONE, two, three, FOUR, five, six.
A note or series of notes that comes before the first complete measure of a composition. An introductory (optional) measure that does not hold the number of beats expressed by the time signature.
A curved horizontal line that connects two musical notes of the same pitch. Only the first note is struck. The notes are held for the length of both notes.
Deliberate upsetting of the meter or pulse through a temporary shifting of the accent to a weak beat or an offbeat.
A group of three quavers with a '3' written above.
A note value divided by three or three notes play in the time of two of the same value.
Line notes = Every Good Boy Deserves Fruit (EGBDF)
Space notes = F A C E
Line notes = Good Boys deserve Fruit Always (GBDFA)
Space notes = All Cows Eat Grass (ACEG)
ledger line notes
All notes above or below the stave.
tones and semitones
2 semitones = 1 tone.
The distance between C and D is a tone.
The distance between C and C# is a semitone.
The distance between E and F is a semitone.
Sharps, flats and naturals not in the key signature
Tones with the same pitch but different letter names e.g. A# and Bb.
Sound the same but are written differently
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