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Music Theory EE 306
Terms in this set (53)
An organized sound in time (jingle bells)
The regular reoccurring (rhythmic) pulse
(11) groups of accented and unaccented beats
(10) Measures of music are divided by vertical lines called bar lines
Double bar line
(12) Two bar lines together indicating the end of an exercise or composition
indicates that all or part of the excerise is to be repeated
(36) connects two notes of the same pitch to make one longer note
adds half the value of the note to the note
a series of note arranged consecutively in ascending or descending order
(48) any note up or down to the next note with same name
two numbers at the beginning of a song or exercise looks like a fraction without a line between the numbers
3 number of beats per measure
4 what kind of beats gets on count
(30) 4/4 time
Looks like a cent sign and stands for 2/2
used in place of a beam
used in place of a flag
Anacrusis (Pick up)
when a composition begins with an incomplete measure of one or more equal a complete measure.
Da capo al fine
"from the head or beginning to the word fine or end" Abbreviated D.C. al fine or just D.C. on music
(46) fully dal segno al fine, means to repeat this section of music, abbrev. D.S.
the relative highness or lowness of a musical sound
symbols used to notate rhythm and pitch of musical sound
a musical sound
(55) five parallel lines and four spaces
(8) extra lines placed above or below the staff to accommodate additional pitches.
Treble clef sign
It is also called the G clef. It denotes high pitches. Women normally sing these notes.
Bass clef signs
It is also called the F clef. It denotes low pitches. Men normally sing these notes.
Treble and bass clefs together
do (doh), re (ray), mi (me), fa (fah), sol, la, ti (te)
Line placed on note heads. Stems must go down on left side on note heads third line and up. The direction of all stems in beamed note groups is determined by the note farthest from the third line.
(18) when a pitch moves from line to adjacent space or space or space to adjacent line.
(19) when a pitch moves from line to adjacent line or space to adjacent space
(25, 40, 43, 47) anything larger than a skip
(18, 19, 25, 40, 43, 47) the distence in pitch between two notes sounded consecutively
Symbols that can be applied to any pitch to alter it in some way
(54) raises the pitch a half step
Look at the last sharp on the right. the next note up is the key.
(51) lowers the pitch a half step
The key is the same as next to last flat. If there is only one flat then it is the key of F (or count down 4)
Cancels the previous sharp or flat
a sign placed at the beginning of a song immediately following the clef sign that tells the names of the sharps and flats occuring in the music. If there are no sharps or flats it is the key of C.
The speed of the composition
An Italian word meaning Slow down. Abbreviated rit. or ritard.
An Italian word meaning a gradual increase in tempo. Abbreviated accel.
the degree of volume in a musical composition varying from very soft to vey loud
(28) An Italian word for gradual increase for volume. Abbreviated decresc. Also called diminuendo and abbriated dim.
(50) Pianissimo (very soft)
(23) piano (soft)
(42) mezzo piano (medium soft)
(41) mezzo forte (medium loud)
(22) Forte (loud)
(49) Fortissimo (very loud)
(52) long and connected progression from one note to the next.
(53) It donotes a quick release of a sound (short and detached). The staccato note head has a dot placed over or under it.
(45) It connects two notes with a different pitch to mak one longer note.
(33) Indicates that the note should be held longer than its normal duration.
(34) means the note is played harder
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