Plunders, farmers, craftsmen; Women had some rights; Warrior-oriented society; Pagan customs; Great Mead Hall; strong relationship between Lord and Thane
non-christian religion; polytheistic branch where followers believe in many Gods; focus on nature
Alfred the Great
871-899; brought peace; founded schools; made English the official language; legal code; defended England from the Vikings; Only ruler in England's history to receive the title the great
Edward the Confessor
1042-1066; Last Anglo Saxon ruler; Built Westminster Abbey; Accounts of miracles after death; England's first national saint
Bede the Venerable
Author and scholar; Father of English History; first person to write scholarly and religious works in English; Spread Christianity to the people
Battle of Hastings
October 14, 1696- Edward dies with no heir; William the Conqueror comes from Normandy with 7,000 men and 3,000 horses and conquers all of england
epic; translated hundreds of times; unknown author; first piece of literature written in English
1939; Mrs. Pretty was walking around her estate and found artifacts in the hull of a ship; she owned them and donated them to a museum.
a mournful, a melancholic or plaintive poem, especially a funeral song or a lament for the dead.
statements, questions or phrases that have a double or veiled meaning, put forth as a puzzle to be solved; careful thinking is required to find the solution to the clues/hints
the repetition of a particular sound in the first syllables of a series of words and/or phrases; "Peter Pepper picked a peck of pickled peppers".
a syntactic or phrasal pause at the END of the line; the thought/phrase is split between lines.
the loyalty between a thane and the king; everyone protects the king at all costs. If a king is killed, the warriors must avenge the death of the king or they can no longer serve as warriors for the next king.
"man-price"; the price placed on a human; compensation to the family if a member is murdered.
a verse form in which the poem or its stanzas begin with the Latin words ubi sunt ("where are")
is a figure of speech in with an understatement is employed for rhetorical effect when an idea is expressed by a denial of its opposite.
William of Normandy
(William the Conquerer) claimed that Edward the Confessor promised him the throne before he died; William defeated King Harold for the throne in the Battle of Hastings
exchange of property for personal service; lord granted property and vassal received property.
"mounted warrior" in French; Moral code of conduct of feudalism; Revolves around the knight-very prestigious position reserved for upper class; Loyalty valued
Archbishop of Canterbury; defied King Henry II; murdered in his cathedral; people would visit his tomb
challenges Church-religion strayed from its roots and clergymen were too wealthy; translated the Bible into English
War of the Roses
Houses of York (white rose) and Lancaster (red rose); Dispute over who should take the throne (through mother's side)
The Canterbury Tales
Written in Middle English by Geoffrey Chaucer; 3 day journey from London to Canterbury to the shrine of Saint Thomas Becket; 30 pilgrims (he only completed 22 stories)
married 6 different times because he could not produce a male heir; granted full control of the church so he could get a divorce
James I becomes king when Elizabeth dies (she died with no heir); Renaissance ends; Jacobean Era-rule of James; Strong supporter of arts
Three Important Parts of Beowulf
Grendel's domination of Herot Hall; Vengeance of Grendel's mother; Rage of a dragon after a thief has stolen the treasure it was guarding
A person of high rank and quality and because of a fatal weakness, a personal flaw, he becomes involved in a series of events that lead to his eventual downfall and destruction
unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter; 5 beats per line and every other syllable is stressed
statement delivered on stage that other characters cannot hear; reveals private thoughts or motivation
long speech by a character who is alone on stage; reveals private thoughts or feelings to the audience/reader but not to the other characters
contradiction between what a character thinks/says and what the audience knows to be true; the meaning that the character does not understand but the audience does
mood of feeling; can often be described in one word; done primarily through dialogue in Shakespeare's plays; similar to the tone of a piece
the central idea, an idea that can usually be expressed in a general statement about life; sometimes it is possible to state the theme in one sentence; it can be directly stated but more commonly it is simply implied
main character is introduced, background information needed is supplied, basic conflict is introduced-an incident occurs that drives the story forward, setting is established
conclusion/resolution/ending-readers get a sense of how the character's life will be from now on-problem is solved or eliminated
Exposition- Act 1
Witches predict the fate of Macbeth and Banquo; Lady Macbeth forces Macbeth to help her plot to kill Duncan so they can become king and queen
Rising Action- Act 2
Duncan is murdered; Guards framed and murdered; Macbeth=King of Scotland; Malcolm and Donalbain run away
Symbols- Act 2
Dagger-evilness, power, self-conscious (imaginary); Blood-sin and guilt, evidence; Water-purification
Climax- Act 3
Banquo is murdered; Fleance lives; Emergence of Banquo's ghost-Macbeth goes insane; Malcolm and Macduff are in England planning a war against Scotland; Lennox is suspicious of Macbeth; Macbeth's marriage falls apart
Falling Action- Act 4
Macbeth sees 3 apparitions; Macduff's family is murdered; Malcolm and Macduff join their armies
Denouement- Act 5
Lady Macbeth kills herself; Macduff kills Macbeth; Malcolm becomes king; 3 apparitions are fulfilled