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160 terms

ARTH 1200 Final Exam

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Grotte de Niaux, Ariège, France, ca. 15 000 BCE- Prehistoric
New Grange Passage Grave, Boyne Valley, Ireland, ca. 3100 BCE- Neolithic

This monument is set up so that one day of the year at sunrise the sun will pop up above the horizon and shine straight through the passageway and shine right into the tomb (December 21, Winter solstice)- extra opening above door accommodates this
...
New Grange Passage Grave, Boyne Valley, Ireland, ca. 3100 BCE- Neolithic

This monument is set up so that one day of the year at sunrise the sun will pop up above the horizon and shine straight through the passageway and shine right into the tomb (December 21, Winter solstice)- extra opening above door accommodates this
Loughcrew Passage Grave, Meath, Ireland, ca. 3000 BCE- Neolithic

Cairn-T
2 times a year a specific stone get direct sunlight, equinox (in between solstices- day when the earth tilts on its axis so the sun drops below the equator or the sun is above the equator if you draw a ray to the earth) (colder part of year goes to warmer or warmer part of year goes to colder)
Bryn Celli Ddu Passage Grave, Anglesey, Wales, ca.2000-3000 BCE- Neolithic

Chamber gets direct sunlight on summer solstice
Stonehenge, Wiltshire, England, ca. 2900 BCE- Neolithic

Solar alignment on sunrise of summer solstice and sunset of the winter solstice. Built around the movement of the sun
Funerary Complex of King Djoser, Saqqara, Egypt, ca. 2630 BCE-Egyptian

Several false doors where the spirit of the King could enter. Architect was Djoser
"Great" Pyramid of Khufu, Giza, Egypt, ca. 2550-2460 BCE- Egyptian

Contains main King's chamber, Queen's chamber, airshafts and underground tunnels with thieves tunnels
Palace Complex of King Minos, Knossos, Greece, ca.1700-1380 BCE- Greek
Lion Gate, Mycenae, Greece, ca. 1300 BCE

Leads into the type of architecture dominated with the column rather than the magalith- Greek
Temple Of Hera, Paestum, Greece, ca. 550 BCE- Greek
The Propylaea, Athens, Greece, ca. 437 BCE (Mnesikles)- Greek
Temple of Athena Nike, Athens, Greece, ca. 425 BCE (Kallikrates)- Greek
The Parthenon, Athens, Greece, ca. 448-432 BCE (Iktinos & Kallikrates)- Greek
The Erectheion, Athens, Greece, ca. 420 BCE- Greek
Monument of Lysikrates, Athens, Greece, ca. 335 BCE- Greek
Temple Of The Olympian Zeus, Athens, Greece, ca. 170 BCE- Greek
Stoa of Attalos, Athens, Greece, 159-132 BCE- Greek
Theatre, Epidaurus, Greece, ca. 350 BCE- Greek
Perugia, Italy, after 310 BCE- Pre Rome/ Etruscan
Arch of Augustus
known from Vitruvius- Pre-Rome/ Etruscan
Etruscan Temple
Algeria, ca. 100 CE- Roman
City of Timgad
Maison Carée, Nimes, ca. 20 BCE- Roman
Pont du Gard (Aquaduct), near Nimes, 20-16 BCE- Roman
Arch of Titus, Rome, Italy, 90 CE- Roman
Arch of Constantine, Rome, Italy, 315 CE- Roman
Trajan's Market, Rome, ca. 100 CE- Roman
The Pantheon, Rome, ca. 125 CE- Roman
Theatre of Marcellus, Rome, 13-11 BCE- Roman
Ampitheatre, Pompeii, Italy, ca. 80 BCE- Roman
...
House of Pansa, Pompeii, 2nd century BCE- Roman
Pompeii, 2nd century BCE- Roman
House of Venus in the Shell
Hadrian's Villa, Tivoli, 117-38 CE- Roman
Colosseum, Rome, 72-80 CE- Roman
Baths of Diocletian, Rome, 290-306 CE- Roman
Baths of Diocletian, Rome, 290-306 CE- Roman
Baths of Diocletian inside
Basilica Ulpia, Rome, 98-117 CE- Roman
Basilica Ulpia
Basilica Nova, Rome, ca. 307-315 CE- Roman
Basilica Nova
Basilica Trier, Trier, Germany, ca. early 4th century- Roman
Basilica Trier, Trier, Germany, ca. early 4th century- Roman
Basilica Trier inside
Old St. Peter's, Rome, begun ca. 333- Early Christian
Old St. Peter's
Santa Costanza, Rome, ca. 350-Early Christian
Santa Costanza
Santa Sabina, Rome, 422-432- Early Christian
Santa Sabina, Rome, 422-432- Early Christian
S. Appolinare in Classe, Ravenna, Italy, ca. 532-549-Byzantine
S. Appolinare in Classe, Ravenna, Italy, ca. 532-549-Byzantine
Hagia Sophia, Constantinople/ Istanbul, Turkey, 532-537-Byzantine
Hagia Sophia, Constantinople/ Istanbul, Turkey, 532-537-Byzantine
San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy, 538-48-Byzantine
San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy, 538-48-Byzantine
San Marco, Venice, Italy, 1063-1089-Byzantine
Katholikon, Hosios Lukas, Greece, 1020-Byzantine
Katholikon, Hosios Lukas, Greece, 1020-Byzantine
Katholikon inside
Church of the Dormition, Daphne, Greece, ca. 1100-Byzantine
Church of the Dormition outside, ruins
Church of the Dormition, Daphne, Greece, ca. 1100-Byzantine
Church of the Dormition inside
Baptistry of St. John, Poitiers, France, 7th century-Byzantine
Baptistry of St. John, Poitiers, France, 7th century-Byzantine
Baptistry of St. John, Poitier inside?
Palace Chapel, Aachen, Germany,793-805- Carolingian
Palace Chapel, Aachen, Germany,793-805- Carolingian
Palace Chapel, Aachen outside
Plan of St. Gall, ca. 817- Romanesque
Plan of St. Gall
Pisa Cathedral, Pisa, Italy, 1063 & 1089-1272- Romanesque
Pisa Cathedral, Pisa, Italy, 1063 & 1089-1272- Romanesque
Ste-Foy, Conques, France, late ca. 1050-1130- Romanesque
Ste-Foy, Conques, France, late ca. 1050-1130- Romanesque
Ste-Foy, Conques better image? WEEK 6
St-Sernin, Toulouse, France ca. 1077-1119- Romanesque
St-Sernin, Toulouse, France ca. 1077-1119- Romanesque
St-Sernin, Toulouse, France ca. 1077-1119- Romanesque
St-Sernin inside
Monastery of Cluny III, Clun, France, late 11th century- Romanesque
Monastery of Cluny III plan
Monastery of Cluny III, Clun, France, late 11th century- Romanesque
Monastery of Cluny III outside
Ste-Madelaine, Vézelay, France 1120-38- Romanesque
Ste-Madelaine, Vézelay, France 1120-38- Romanesque
St- Etienne, Caen, France, begun 1068- Romanesque
St- Etienne, Caen, France, begun 1068- Romanesque
Durham Cathedral, Durham, England, 1093-1133-English Romanesque
Durham Cathedral, Durham, England, 1093-1133-English Romanesque
All Saints, Earls Barton, England, ca. 1000-English Romanesque
Norwich Cathedral, Norwich, England, Begun 1096-English Romanesque
Norwich Cathedral, Norwich, England, Begun 1096-English Romanesque
St-Martin-du-Canigou, 1001-1026-Romanesque
St-Pierre, Moissac, Cloister ca. 1100-Romanesque
St-Pierre, Moissac, Cloister ca. 1100-Romanesque
St-Pierre cloister
St-Pierre, Moissac, Cloister ca. 1100-Romanesque
St- Pierre plan
Abbey Church of Fontenay, France ca. 1139-1147-Romanesque
Abbey Church of Fontenay plan
St-Genest, Lavardin, 12th century-Romanesque
St-Genest inside
Abbey of St-Denis, Northern suburb of Paris, France, Choir re-built 1140-1144- Gothic

Origins of Gothic style
Abbey of St-Denis, Northern suburb of Paris, France, Choir re-built 1140-1144- Gothic

Origins of Gothic style
Abbey of St-Denis inside
Abbey of St-Denis, Northern suburb of Paris, France, Choir re-built 1140-1144- Gothic

Origins of Gothic style
Abbey of St-Denis inside
Notre Dame Cathedral (Laon Cathedral), Laon, ca. 1155-1205- Gothic
Notre Dame Cathedral (Laon Cathedral), Laon, ca. 1155-1205- Gothic
Notre Dame Cathedral, Laon, inside
Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris, ca. 1163-1250- Gothic
Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris, ca. 1163-1250- Gothic
Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris, ca. 1163-1250- Gothic
Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris inside
Notre Dame Cathedral (Chartres Cathedral), Chartres, France, after 1194- Gothic
Notre Dame Cathedral (Chartres Cathedral), Chartres, France, after 1194- Gothic
...
Notre Dame Cathedral (Chartres Cathedral), Chartres, France, after 1194- Gothic
Notre Dame Cathedral (Chartres Cathedral) inside
St. Etienne Cathedral (Bourges Cathedral), Bourges, France, 1195-1250- Gothic
St. Etienne Cathedral (Bourges Cathedral), Bourges, France, 1195-1250- Gothic
Reims Cathedral (Notre Dame), begun 1211- Gothic
Reims Cathedral (Notre Dame), begun 1211- Gothic
Reims Cathedral (Notre Dame), begun 1211- Gothic
Amiens Cathedral (Notre Dame), Amiens, France, begun ca. 1220- Gothic
Amiens Cathedral (Notre Dame), Amiens, France, begun ca. 1220- Gothic
Amiens Cathedral (Notre Dame), Amiens, France, begun ca. 1220- Gothic
Beauvais Cathedral (St-Pierre), Beauvais, France, begun ca. 1225- Gothic
Beauvais Cathedral (St-Pierre), Beauvais, France, begun ca. 1225- Gothic
Ste-Chapelle, Paris, France,1239-48, King Louis IX- Gothic
Wells Cathedral, Wells, Somerset, England, Begun ca. 1180- Early English Gothic
Wells Cathedral, inside, with ceiling
Wells Cathedral, Wells, Somerset, England, Begun ca. 1180- Early English Gothic
Wells Cathedral, Wells, Somerset, England, Begun ca. 1180- Early English Gothic
Wells Cathedral plan
Lincoln Cathedral, "St. Hugh's Choir", Lincoln, England, 1192- Early English Gothic
Lincoln Cathedral, "St. Hugh's Choir", Lincoln, England, 1192- Early English Gothic
Lincoln Cathedral, "St. Hugh's Choir", Lincoln, England, 1192- Early English Gothic
Lincoln Cathedral plan
Exeter Cathedral, Exeter, Devon, England, ca. 126- Decorated Gothic
Exeter Cathedral, Exeter, Devon, England, ca. 126- Decorated Gothic
...
Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester, England, Choir remodelled from 1337- Perpendicular Gothic
Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester, England, Choir remodelled from 1337- Perpendicular Gothic
Gloucester Cathedral plan
Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester, England, Cloister, ca. 1330- Perpendicular Gothic
Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester, England, Cloister, ca. 1330- Perpendicular Gothic
Chapel of Henry VII, Westminster Abbey, London, England,1503-09- Perpendicular Gothic
Chapel of Henry VII, Westminster Abbey, London, England,1503-09- Perpendicular Gothic
stalactite looking
King's College Chapel, Cambridge, England, vaulted in 1515- Perpendicular Gothic
King's College Chapel, Cambridge, England, vaulted in 1515- Perpendicular Gothic
King's College Chapel, Cambridge, England, vaulted in 1515- Perpendicular Gothic
S. Maria Novella, Florence, Italy, 1279-ca. 1310- Italian Gothic
Milan Cathedral, Milan, Italy, begun 1387- Italian Gothic
? Orvieto Cathedral, Orvieto, Italy, begun 1310- Italian Gothic
Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem, 687-691- Islamic
House of the Prophet, Medina, Saudi Arabia, ca. 622- Islamic
House of the Prophet plan
Great Mosque, Damascus, Syria, 706-715- Islamic
Great Mosque, Damascus, Syria, 706-715- Islamic
Great Mosque, Damascus outside
Great Mosque, Cordoba, Spain, begun ca. 785, enlarged 9th & 10th centuries- Islamic
Great Mosque, Cordoba, Spain, begun ca. 785, enlarged 9th & 10th centuries- Islamic
The Alhambra Palace, Granada, Spain- Islamic
The Alhambra Palace, Granada, Spain- Islamic
Mosque-Madrasa of Sultan Hassan, Cairo, ca. 1356- Islamic
Mosque of Sultan Selim, Edirne, Turkey, 1568-1575- Islamic

Architect Sian
Masjid-i-Shah, Isfahan, 1611- ca. 1630- Islamic
Masjid-i-Shah
Taj Mahal, Agra, India, 1631-1647- Islamic
Taj Mahal, Agra, India, 1631-1647- Islamic
Hagia Sophia, Istanbul Turkey, Minarets added in 1453- Islamic (currently)

Was a Christian church, then turned into a mosque.
Inside remains essentially intact
Koranic text is added and large disks are added
Hagia Sophia becomes a model for later Mosques
St-Gilles-du-Gard, ca. 1140- Romanesque

In french region of Provence, near Nimes
Lots of leftovers of Roman architecture
Reminds you of the Arch of Constantine
St-Gilles-du-Gard
Carcassonne, mainly 13th-14th centuries (restored)

Hoarding- wooden, covered walkway to shoot arrows and look through and throw things at people attacking the city
Towers had flares at the bottom to direct whatever was being thrown toward the attackers instead of dropping straight down
Granholet House, St-Antonin-Noble-Val, 1140s- Late Romanesque

Upper middle class, urban house
Granholet House
Maison du Grand Veneur, Cordes-sur-Ciel (founded 1222),14th Century- Gothic

Whoever lived there was involved in the aristocratic recruit of hunting
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Albi Cathedral, begun 1287- Romanesque
...
Conwy Castle, Wales, begun 1283

James of St. George architect
Caernarvon, begun 1283

James of St. George architect
Fairly well preserved
Beaumaris Castle, begun 1295

James of St. George architect
Beaumaris Castle, begun 1295

James of St. George architect
Florence Cathedral Dome, begun 1420, Filippo Brunelleschi- Renaissance

No one could figure out how to build the dome.
Filippo is mostly remembered.
Arc is a pointed arch.
Foundling Hospital, Florence, Filippo Brunelleschi, 1421-1444- Renaissance

*note: roman rounded arches.
Clarity and simplicity to this architecture.
Old Sacristy, Florence, Brunelleschi, 1421-1428- Renaissance
Old Sacristy, Florence
San Lorenzo, Florence, Brunelleschi, 1421- Renaissance

Similar to a Romanesque or Christian basilica.
San Lorenzo, Florence, Brunelleschi, 1421- Renaissance

Similar to a Romanesque or Christian basilica.
San Lorenzo, Florence inside
Palazzo Medici, Florence, Michelozzo Bartolomeo, begun 1444- Renaissance

Rich.
Three story home.
- Differentiates the level of the house.
- Similar to the orders. *coliseum
- The surface texture gets smoother as you go up.
- LOWER two stories: rusticated masonry.
- TOP story: ashlar.
Interior: courtyard with arcade.
-Slender columns, Light.
Palazzo Medici, Florence, Michelozzo Bartolomeo, begun 1444- Renaissance

Rich.
Three story home.
- Differentiates the level of the house.
- Similar to the orders. *coliseum
- The surface texture gets smoother as you go up.
- LOWER two stories: rusticated masonry.
- TOP story: ashlar.
Interior: courtyard with arcade.
-Slender columns, Light.
Palazzo Rucellai, Florence, Begun 1446- Renaissance

Pilasters and silimar simple orders on the building, (doric, ionic, corinthian)
Palazzo Rucellai, Florence
S Andrea, Mantua, begun 1462- Renaissance

• Similar to the triumphal arch.
• Put smaller arches, lateral to the big arch.
○ Similar to the arch of Constantine.
• INTERIOR:
• Similar to the basilica nova.
• Public space.
Triumphal arch also repeated inside on the walls along the nave
S Andrea, Mantua
Palazzo del Te, Mantua, Giulio Roman, 1527-1534- Mannerism

• Every third triglyph is lower than the others.
○ Meant to look like they are falling out.
○ Seems to be sort of a joke, from harmony, orderly architecture of classical era.
• INTERIOR:
○ Rough and unfinished columns.
Laurentian Library, S. Lorenzo, Florence, Michelangelo Buonarroti, begun 1524- Mannerism

• Artist.
• Focusing on the entry room to the library.
• Stairway is elaborate and sculpted.

Pendentives about the windows.

Flickr Creative Commons Images

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