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Terms in this set (30)
= the view that knowledge originates in experience and that science should, therefore, rely on observation and experimentation.
= an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the structural elements of the human mind.
= a school of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioral processes function - how they enable us to adapt, survive, and flourish.
= the study of behavior and thinking using the experimental method.
= the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes.
= historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individual's potential for personal growth.
= the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition (including perception, thinking, memory, and language).
= the science of behavior and mental processes.
= the longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors.
= the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations.
Levels of Analysis
= the differing complementary views, from biological to psychological to social-cultural, for analyzing any given phenomenon.
= an integrated approach that incorporates biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis.
= a branch of psychology that studies the links between biological (including neuroscience and behavior genetics) and psychological processes.
= the study of the roots of behavior and mental processes using the principles of natural selection.
= a branch of psychology that studies how unconscious drives and conflicts influence behavior, and uses that information to treat people with psychological disorders.
= the scientific study of observable behavior, and its explanation by principles of learning.
= the scientific study of all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
= the study of how situations and cultures affect our behavior and thinking.
= the scientific study of the measurement of human abilities, attitudes, and traits.
= pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base.
= the scientific study of physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span.
= the study of how psychological processes affect and can enhance teaching and learning.
= the study of an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting.
= the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another.
= scientific study that aims to solve practical problems.
Industrial-Organizational (I/O) Psychology
= the application of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces.
Human Factors Psychology
= the study of how people and machines interact resulting in the design of machines and environments.
= a branch of psychology that assists people with problems in living (often related to school, work, and marriage) and in achieving greater well-being.
= a branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders.
= a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who often provide medical (for example, drug) treatments as well as psychological therapy.
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