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108 terms

Final Exam Study Guide

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PLAY
Pilgrimage, Prayer, Fasting, Charity, God is one
5 pillars of Islam
jihad
the word commonly mistranslated as "holy war" which means "striving"
Allah
the name for God in Islam is
Dome of the Rock
Abraham and Ishmael built the holiest sanctuary in Islam known as the
Hijra
The migration of Muslims from Mecca to Medina is known as
Abraham
Islam traces its ancestors to the patriarch
his wife, Hurrem
Who claimed to uncover the plots against Suleiman's life
a single legal system
Besides art, architecture, and military might what other contributions was Suleiman responsible for
to conquer Constantinople
What was the goal of Mehmet the Conqueror
all muslims should face Mecca when in prayer
What vision did Muhammad have when he and his followers were in Medina
the destruction of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre
what event caused Christians to mistrust Muslims and lead to the Crusades
Quran
the sacred book of Islam is called
Sunnis
those that follow the elected caliphs are called
Shiites
those who reject the early caliphs are the
gambling
in Islam the charging of interest is considered
fighting, writing, and pilgrimage
Jihad can be accomplished in many ways including
4
Islam allows a man to have how many wives
the month of Rahmahdan
Muslims believe that the way to fulfill the Pillar of fasting is during
Arabic
to understand the Quran's true meaning it is necessary to read the Quran in
Indonesia
What country has the largest Muslim population
Confusion; mistake
What is the general understanding of homosexuality in Islam
not adam
who originally worshiped at the Ka'bah
once in their lifetime
how often are faithful Muslims required to perform the hajj
they do not believe in separation
what do Muslims believe about the separation of church and state
Jesus predicted the coming of Muhammad and that Muhammad succeeds Jesus in the chain of prophets
what do Muslims believe about Jesus and his prophesies about Muhammad
oppression
What was the status of women under the Taliban in Afghanistan
everyone's responsible for their own sins
what do Muslims believe about original sin
tolerant
What was Muhammad's policy towards the non-Muslims in Medina
Spain
In what medieval European country did Christian, Jews, and Muslims live in peace and harmony
internal struggle
what is the major jihad
second
compared to other religions what is the rank of Islam
five times daily prayer
what is salat
hajj
what is the required pilgrimage to Mecca
Shahadah
The Creed of Islam
Zionism
the movement dedicated to establishing a Jewish state in the biblical land of Israel is
gentiles
Non-Jewish peoples may be referred to as
mesiah
the title for the person sent by God to rescue the Jewish people from suffering is
ghettos
after 1555 those Jews who remained in some cities of Italy and Germany were forced to live in
Talmud
The Mishnah together with commentaries is known as the Talmud
orthodox, conservative, reformed
list the three major branches of contemporary Judaism
Christian Roman Empire
when was anti-semitism first present in Europe
2
how many countries did the United Nations partition Palestine in 1947
Exegesis
study and interpretation of Jewish scriptures
Mishnah
6 books that interpret law
tzaddik
enlightened saint or teacher
shekhinah
God's presence in the world
Kabbalah
Jewish mystical traditions
Minyan
10 adult males to pray
Gemara
additional commentary on the Torah
Zohar
way of splendor
Maimonides
greatest Jewish intellectual
Hasidism
path of ecstatic piety
Israel
what is the name of the nation traditionally associated with Judaism
Old Testament
What do Christians call the Tanakh
The first five books of the bible
what is the pentateuch
a contract between God and his people
what is a covenant
both
is Judaism a religion, ethnic group, or both
Abraham
who was the first patriarch of Judaism
ark of the covenant
what is the name for the portable tabernacle designed by God
prayer
what replaced the Jewish system of sacrifice after the temple was destroyed in 70 AD
Maimonides
one of the greatest of all Jewish intellectuals
Tikkum olam
what is the hebrew term for "repairing the world"
Mishnah and Gamarah
what are the two parts of the Talmud
fair trial, charity, rule of law
what are the key ideas in western civilization that have Jewish roots
shiva
he is often depicted as the Lord of the Dance
Upanishads
what is the portion of the Vedas which records the mystical insights of the rishis
karma
what is the Hnindu term for action and the consequences of action
yes
does Hinduism have philosophical systems that are both dualistic and monistic
yes
does the god vishnu periodically appear in earthly incarnations
buddhism and jainism
which religions began as a protest against Hindu priests and rituals
vedas
what are the oldest Hindu scriptures called
pooja
what is a typical way that a Hindu might begin his/her day
to plan weddings
what are the common roles of astrology in Hinduism
Brahma
what god is depicted with red skin, four arms, and four heads sitting on a lotus flower
Santana Darma
what is the indigenous term for Hinduism
Hrada's love for Krishna; all of the above
what does the Hindu festival of Holi celebrate
Shankara
who popularized the philosophical teachings of Advaita Vendata
karma yoga
what yogic path emphasizes helping others as the path to liberation
bhramans, kshatriyas, vyshas, shudras
what are the main Hindu castes
Netti Netti
what is the view that "truth can be found only through the negating of all thoughts about it
There is no Hindu sabbath
what day of the week is traditionally considered the Hindu Sabbath
do your duty
what was the lesson Krishna taught Arjuna in the Bhagavad Gita
Ravana
the most popular Hindu festival celebrates Rama's triumph over whom
Vedas
what religious texts are the foundations of Sanatana darma
poli-cannon
what is the name of the collection of ancient scriptures used by Therevada Buddhism
Lama
what is a high Vajrayana teacher called
India
where was Siddhartha born
there is no caste system
what is the role of the caste system in Buddhism
non-theistic
is Buddhism a theistic or non-theistic religion
delusion, greed, and hate
what are the three root afflictions
Hinduism
Buddhism is an offshoot of
Islam and Hinduism
what are the two religious groups responsible for driving Buddhism out of India
Siddhartha Gautama
who founded Buddhism
slept on thorns, ate once a day, stood on one leg for extended periods
what ascetic practices did the Buddha try
nirvana; yoga
one emphasis in Buddhism is on methods of meditationand concentration to achieve a state of
mahayana Buddhism; become a Buddha
what is the goal of zen training
paradoxical statements' unanswerable riddles
what are koans
Mara
according to legend who did Siddhartha have to defeat while sitting under the tree of knowledge
buddha
enlightened one
dharma
Buddha's teachings
sangha
order of Buddhist disciples
anatman or anatta (Pali)
no eternal soul
karma
consequences of actions
dukkha
suffering
anitya or anicca (Pali)
impermanence
Arhant
person who reaches enlightenment (Therevada saint)
Sutras
Mahayana teachings
Bodhisattva
won't reach enlightenment until everyone else does